Presentation on theme: "Digital Kultur Fælleskab. I dag- 12:30 Is it a community? Cavanagh: the idea of community Key points History Bakardjieva: degrees of social interaction."— Presentation transcript:
Digital Kultur Fælleskab
I dag- 12:30 Is it a community? Cavanagh: the idea of community Key points History Bakardjieva: degrees of social interaction Mini kursus-evaluering
Is it a community? Comparing helps... (ex. CommuniTree fra sidste gang)
Network vs community? “A network is composed of loose ties, often the focus is on a topic or particular type of content or behavior. A community may have the same focus but the ties are stronger. No one misses you in a network; they might if you’re a popular and vocal member of a community.” (Amy Jo Kim, author of Community Building on the Web ) ”a webcommunity refers to a group integrated together by networked computers that has a sense of and a feeling towards itsself as a continuing, valuable collectivity” (Dean, 2000: 6)
Community birth Disrupting moments in a group witness the birth of communitites (ex. Dibbell and rape in cyberspace) Social control evolves: either embedded in the software or in behaviour codes Can we design a community or does a community always generate spontaneously?
Tekst-guides Cavanagh: The Internet as a social space
give us a break!
community “Virtual communities are social aggregations that emerge from the Net when enough people carry on those public discussions long enough, with sufficient human feeling, to form webs of personal relationships in cyberspace” (Rheingold, 1993: 25) 3 main kinds of communities in research: Text-based communication (the WELL) Discussion groups MUDs, virtual worlds and computer games
Definition problem? the same term has been “applied to synchronous chat systems such as IRC, asynchronous conferencing systems such as the WELL and netnews groups, and systems like MUDs and MOOs that provide both synchronous and asynchronous communications” (Erickson) So where is the focus? What is the difference for example between community and subculture?
Community characteristics: ex. World of Warcraft membership (accounts, explicit, tied to player not character) relationships (race, class, level) commitment and generalized reciprocity (dedication, respecting rules: hard/soft) shared values and practices (character advancement, similar paths) collective goods (world, equipment) duration (world exists all the time, external fora) Erikson Compare to Baym?
Kinds of communitites Klastrup, 2003
Real life vs online communities How are they similar? How are they different? How they affect / supplement each other?
A little history: first MUD, 1979
History: moderated newsgroups 1984
History: Habitat 1985
History: Everquest, 1999
History: second life 2003
History: evolution The two trends: focused exchanges (about communication) vs worlds (about ”living”) –Sometimes confusions as research to one side applied to the other Special interest communities supported by websites (+ fora) Blog communities? Social software communities: profile based?
give us a break!
Tekst-guides Bakardijeva: how people are together on the Internet
Til næste uge lÆS –Cavanagh, Allison Sociology in the Age of the Internet. London: OUP, pp –Rheingold, Howard Smart Mobs. The Next Social Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Basic Books, pp –Keen, Andrew The Cult of the Amateur - How Today's Internet is Killing Our Culture. Doubleday/Currency,. Pp Praktisk: find an artikel in wikipedia om noget du er ekspert i, kig også på ”discussion” og ”history” i den artikel. Målet: at have en ide om hvordan a ”collaborative wisdom” project works.
Bibliography Baym, Nancy: The Emergence of On-Line Community. In Cybersociety 2.0. Red. Jones, Steve. Sage Publications, Baym, N. K. (2007). The new shape of online community: The example of Swedish independent music fandom. First Monday, volume 12, number 8. Bruckman, Amy : “Finding One’s Own in Cyberspace”. Jan p Coleman, James S. Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital. In American Journal of Sociology, vol. 94, Pp Dean, Jodi: Community. In Unspun – Key Concepts for Understanding the World Wide Web, red. Thomas Swiss. New York University Press, Pp Erickson, Thomas Social Interaction on the Net: Virtual Community as Participatory Genre. IEEE 13th Proceedings. Garton, L, Haythornwaite, C. & Wellman, B.: Studying On-Line Social Networks. In Doing Internet Research – Critical Issues and Methods for Examining the Net, red. Steve Jones. Sage Publications, Pp Klastrup, Lisbeth "A Poetics of Virtual Worlds". In Proceedings of the Fifth International Digital Arts and Culture Conference, RMIT, Melbourne, Australia. May , 2003."A Poetics of Virtual Worlds" Rheingold, Howard Virtual Community: homesteading on the electronic frontier. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley. Wellman, Barry & Gulia, Milena: Virtual Communities as Communities – Net surfers Don’t Ride Alone. In: Communities in Cyberspace. Red. Smith, Marc A. & Kollock, Peter. Routledge, 1999.
kursusproblemer Øvelser: failure Forelæsningen: monolithic Tekster: ved ikke? Timing: rushed og sammentidig bruger vi ikke alt vores tid Blog ok som det er? Low-intensity communication, not dialogue
kursusrevolution ”Øvelser” + tekstguides integreret del af forelæsningen Bruge øvelsestid til ”extended lecture” if necessary Målrettet øvelser: opgave planlægning og skrivning fra 25 marts Vi prøver i dag og så skal I stemme igen
The poll: undervisning Jeg foretrækker den NY stil / den GAMLE stil 1/3 ting som er gode/vil beholde: - 1/3 ting som er skidte/kan forbedres: -