Presentation on theme: "Urban\Disadvantaged Teaching"— Presentation transcript:
1 Urban\Disadvantaged Teaching How to succeed and make a difference
2 Your ExperiencesPossible Causes:Manifestations in School:
3 Your Experiences Possible Causes: Parental involvement Younger parents Neighborhood (unsafe)GangsServices to individuals with disabilities (school)Lack of medical careWork outside school or care for family membersManifestations in School:Behavior management more difficultValue of education diminishedViolenceLess parental involvementLower test scoresCultural expectations or restrictionsSometimes a $$ issueHigh administrative and teacher turnover
4 Know the terrain My experience Contributing Factors Low level of education and low value in educationLow SES (often measured by rate received free/reduced price lunches)Higher rates of dysfunctional families (care by aunts, grandparents, no one)Lack of role-modelsBehind academically (difficulty transition to higher ed)Jenny’s experience at CCP
5 Know the terrain Contributing Factors Low performance on standardized testsPSSA exams (>90% below basic, level 1 of 4)Peer standing is IMPORTANTPressure to conform to expectations (music, behavior, clothing, sport/activity interests)Increased likelihood of violenceOften poorer facilities and equipmentExceptionsPoorer access to learning resourcesTextbooks, computers, other
6 Know the terrain Contributing Factors Homework may or may not be assignedFor some teachers, “no win” situationDefiance (insubordination) of the teacher is much more commonHappens in all schools but is more common: talking without permission, interrupting others, leaving seats without permission, wisecracksContinue to teach but address it briefly so class knows there will be a follow upTruancy is more common (may have jobs)Vulgarity is more common
7 Self careTeaching in urban, difficult schools can be personally taxing.Remember to ask for help from your colleagues or other teachersDon’t be alone in certain places, REPORT intimidation or threats
8 Plus SideAlthough urban/disadvantaged teaching can be the most taxing, you have a greater ability to make a difference here than almost anywhere.Students will gravitate to you for untold issues once they trust you and understand you are there for them.If you can succeed, there is a tremendous sense of accomplishment
9 Advise for Urban Teachers Create and maintain consistent EXPECTATIONS from the beginningDo not allow the students to go crazy and do as they wishUnderstand their worldWalk around the community, attend sporting events, understand the music & cultureBuild rapportAsk about their personal livesDemonstrate that you care but you are toughYo C, J spongeKeep emotions in checkSometimes they will refuse directions, even curse at you; keep your cool.Clear and decisive; don’t look “afraid” even if you are.Follow through (mean what you say)Have a clear and progressive series of consequences (avoid Draconian punishment)Use daily grading and assessment to keep on taskMotivate the studentsWhy is this important?Why is school importantIncome by degree
10 Advise for Urban Teachers cont. Create a high level of organization and routines so students know what is expected.Establish lines in the sand where behaviors are known to be unacceptableRefusing to follow directionsStart the year with their favorite activity and use it as a reward (premack principle).WPHS – First 30 minutes was instructional and last 15 was recreational (students could choose activities)PAPER TRAIL IS IMPORTANTI kept an incident notebook and recorded problems which occurred in class organized by period, student, and date.That way, if I called home or spoke with an administrator, I had documentation.
11 Advise for Urban Teachers cont. Link instruction more with the work force (more career focused)Discuss nutrition and health care moreBlack bags for lunch each dayRun the BEST program you can based upon the limitations. It may not be the ideal but is the best possible. Then, each yeartry and make improvements
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