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Urban\Disadvantaged Teaching How to succeed and make a difference.

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Presentation on theme: "Urban\Disadvantaged Teaching How to succeed and make a difference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Urban\Disadvantaged Teaching How to succeed and make a difference

2 Your Experiences Possible Causes:Manifestations in School:

3 Your Experiences Possible Causes:  Parental involvement  Younger parents  SES  Neighborhood (unsafe)  Gangs  Services to individuals with disabilities (school)  Lack of medical care  Work outside school or care for family members Manifestations in School:  Behavior management more difficult  Value of education diminished  Violence  Less parental involvement  Lower test scores  Cultural expectations or restrictions  Sometimes a $$ issue  High administrative and teacher turnover

4 Know the terrain  My experience  Contributing Factors –Low level of education and low value in education –Low SES (often measured by rate received free/reduced price lunches) –Higher rates of dysfunctional families (care by aunts, grandparents, no one) –Lack of role-models –Behind academically (difficulty transition to higher ed) Jenny’s experience at CCP

5 Know the terrain Contributing Factors  Low performance on standardized tests –PSSA exams (>90% below basic, level 1 of 4)  Peer standing is IMPORTANT –Pressure to conform to expectations (music, behavior, clothing, sport/activity interests)  Increased likelihood of violence  Often poorer facilities and equipment –Exceptions  Poorer access to learning resources –Textbooks, computers, other

6 Know the terrain Contributing Factors  Homework may or may not be assigned –For some teachers, “no win” situation  Defiance (insubordination) of the teacher is much more common –Happens in all schools but is more common: talking without permission, interrupting others, leaving seats without permission, wisecracks –Continue to teach but address it briefly so class knows there will be a follow up  Truancy is more common (may have jobs)  Vulgarity is more common

7 Self care  Teaching in urban, difficult schools can be personally taxing.  Remember to ask for help from your colleagues or other teachers  Don’t be alone in certain places, REPORT intimidation or threats

8 Plus Side  Although urban/disadvantaged teaching can be the most taxing, you have a greater ability to make a difference here than almost anywhere. –Students will gravitate to you for untold issues once they trust you and understand you are there for them.  If you can succeed, there is a tremendous sense of accomplishment

9 Advise for Urban Teachers  Create and maintain consistent EXPECTATIONS from the beginning –Do not allow the students to go crazy and do as they wish  Understand their world –Walk around the community, attend sporting events, understand the music & culture  Build rapport –Ask about their personal lives –Demonstrate that you care but you are tough –Yo C, J sponge  Keep emotions in check –Sometimes they will refuse directions, even curse at you; keep your cool.  Clear and decisive; don’t look “afraid” even if you are.  Follow through (mean what you say) –Have a clear and progressive series of consequences (avoid Draconian punishment) –Use daily grading and assessment to keep on task  Motivate the students –Why is this important? –Why is school important Income by degree

10 Advise for Urban Teachers cont.  Create a high level of organization and routines so students know what is expected.  Establish lines in the sand where behaviors are known to be unacceptable –Refusing to follow directions  Start the year with their favorite activity and use it as a reward (premack principle). –WPHS – First 30 minutes was instructional and last 15 was recreational (students could choose activities)  PAPER TRAIL IS IMPORTANT –I kept an incident notebook and recorded problems which occurred in class organized by period, student, and date. That way, if I called home or spoke with an administrator, I had documentation.

11 Advise for Urban Teachers cont.  Link instruction more with the work force (more career focused)  Discuss nutrition and health care more –Black bags for lunch each day  Run the BEST program you can based upon the limitations. It may not be the ideal but is the best possible. Then, each year try and make improvements

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