Presentation on theme: "El Pretérito y El Imperfecto. O In general, the preterite is used when speaking of a completed action, that is, when the verb refers to an action that."— Presentation transcript:
El Pretérito y El Imperfecto
O In general, the preterite is used when speaking of a completed action, that is, when the verb refers to an action that has a clear end. O On the other hand, the other past tense is known as an imperfect tense because "imperfect" can also mean "incomplete”.
Las características del pretérito O S udden occurrence O empezar, comenzar, terminar O T ime Limit O A ction Disruption of Imperfect Verb O R eaction to Another Action O S eries of Distinct Instances O Una vez, dos veces, tres veces, etc.
Sudden Occurrence O It started to rain. O Empezó a llover.
Time Limit O It rained for two hours. O Llovió por dos horas.
Action disruption of imperfect verb O I was studying when the phone rang. O Yo estudiaba cuando sonó el teléfono.
Reaction to another action O When my brother wore my shoes yesterday, I got mad. O Ayer cuando mi hermano usó mis zapatos, me enojé.
Series of distinct instances O I read this book twice. O Leí este libro dos veces. O I woke up, I went downstairs, and I watched TV. O Me desperté, bajé a la planta baja, y vi la televisión.
Las Características del imperfecto O H abitual Actions O I ncomplete Actions O (no beginning or end indicated) O D escriptions in the past O E motions/Feelings
Habitual actions O I always went to the movies when I was young. O Siempre iba al cine cuando yo era joven.
Incomplete actions O I was reading a book when I saw a cat. O Leía un libro cuando yo vi un gato.
Descriptions in the past O His car was white and only had three tires. O Su coche era blanco y solamente tenía tres llantas.
Emotions/feelings O I didn’t feel well. O No me sentía bien.
El Imperfecto O Age O Yo tenía 10 años.I was 10 years old. O Time O Eran las dos de la tarde. It was 2 PM. O Weather O Hacía mucho calor. It was really hot.