Presentation on theme: "Nanotechnology For Students"— Presentation transcript:
1 Nanotechnology For Students Jim Mason, Executive DirectorOklahoma Nanotechnology Initiative
2 The next “Big Thing” is very, very, very small! “Nanotechnology is an enabling technology that will change the nature of almost every human-made object in the next century.” National Science and Technology Council -2000This means… anything manufactured in Oklahoma will be impacted by nanotechnology and it is happening more quickly than most people might think!
3 WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY? Most commonly, nanotechnology is regarded as the science of working at length scales below 100 nanometers (billionths of a meter)WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY?Structures(e.g.materials)Devices(e.g. sensors)Systems(e.g. NEMS)Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter at the nanometer* scale to create novel structures, devices and systems.* 1 millimeter = 1,000 micrometers; 1 micrometer = 1,000 nanometersSource: "Nanotech: The Tiny Revolution" by CMP Científica (November 2001)
4 Nanotechnology … is already making today’s products: Lighter Stronger FasterSmallerMore Durable
5 HOW SMALLNanobatteries are 200 nm in diameter 2 billion could fit on the surface of a nickel™
6 Rice University NanoKids The NanoKids program is an educational program headed by a Rice University professor. The Web site includes a story with NanoKids as the main characters. It also includes fun activities for teachers to use in teaching nanotechnology.
7 NanozoneThis is a great Web site for teachers to use in educating children about nanotechnology. The Web site has a link for teacher resources that includes pre-visit and post-visit activities and worksheets. The Web site also includes videos, puzzles and games.
8 NASA’s Web siteNASA’s Web site features a page that explores the idea of nanotechnology. The Web site includes a gallery of images, diagrams, Power Point presentations and videos. This could possibly be used for middle school students, but definitely for high school students.
9 You TubeExcellent UC Berekely Excellent Nanobots Nanomedicine Richard Feyman
10 USDA - www.csrees.usda.gov/newsroom/partners/21/nanotechnology.html Exploring the Nanoworld National Cancer Institute Nanomission
11 Nanotechnology for Students video for Students.wmv
12 Videos “When Things Get Small” This is a 27-minute video covering many important nanotechnology concepts in a humorous and entertaining way.“The NANO Revolution”Educators may request a free DVD copy of this introductory video about nanotechnology aimed at middle and high school students.
13 More videos “Nanotechnology: What is it?” This short 1-minute video has a young boy and girl who quickly introduce the concept of nanotechnology."The Twinkie Guide to Nanotechnology" The Twinkie Guide to Nanotechnology is an entertaining new video featuring scientist Andrew Maynard which mixes the iconic American snack cake with humor to unlock the mysteries of nanotechnology.
14 Printed Material"Big Things from a Tiny World" 12 page booklet from the National Nanotechnology Initiative Click here to view publication
15 Games“Nanoquest”A free, downloadable game where the player is shrunk to so small that they find themselves in a “nanoworld.”, this game is aimed at getting 13- to 15-year-old children interested in nanotechnology.“NanoMission”This educational online game educates students on the basics of nanotechnology. You must register before you are allowed to download the game.
16 Lessons for Teachers “What is Smaller than a Pygmy Shrew?” This lesson plan is from the University of Wisconsin and designed to help middle school students better understand the atomic world and the size, scale and structure of objects in it. “Ferrofluid: Nanomedicine”Middle school students will work together to explore different methods of drug delivery, specifically focusing on the possibilities of how cancer could be treated in the future.
17 “Giant Magnetoresistance” Students will participate in a hands-on activity where the concepts of nanotechnology and GMR will be introduced. This program is tailored for middle school students.“Nanoarchitecture: Forms of Carbon”This is a two-day activity where students will discover how the properties of materials change when atoms are connected in different ways. This program is also aimed at middle school students.
18 Economic impact of nanotechnology Market Size Predictions(within six years)$340B/yr Materials$300B/yr Electronics$180B/yr Pharmaceuticals$100B/yr Chemical manufacture$ 70B/yr Aerospace$ 20B/yr Tools$ 30B/yr Improved healthcare$ 45B/yr Sustainability$1 Trillion, growing to$2.6 Trillion by 2014*Estimates by industry groups, source: NSF and LUX
19 So what does this have to do with me? The real winners in nanotechnology will be the companies who adopt nano processes to improve their existing and emerging products.In 2006, the Oklahoma legislature decided to leapfrog over other states and help Oklahoma companies be among the first to gain this competitive advantage by creating the Oklahoma Nanotechnology Sharing Incentive Act.In two years, Oklahoma has grown from 6 companies involved in applications of nanotechnology to nearly 50 companies who are planning to utilize nanotechnology for their products.
20 ONI VISION“Oklahoma companies are world leaders in creating new and improved products thorough applications of Nanotechnology.”Since 2006 we have grown from six identified companies involved in nanotechnology to nearly 50 companies
21 The Nanotech ReportNanotechnology was incorporated into more than $30 billion worth of manufactured goods in 2005, and this figure is projected to grow exponentially to more than $2.6 trillion in global manufactured goods by 2014.There are more than 1,000 nanotechnology products currently on the market aimed at improving consumers’ lives and another 400 products that include nano instruments and test devices.
22 Nano shirt, slacks, tie, tennis racket, odor/ bacteria eliminating socks, nano car wax, and 2004 Chevy Impala with nano enhanced side panels.
23 Products Anticipatedburn and wound dressings, water filtration devices, paints, cosmetics, coatings, lubricants, textiles, memory/storage devices– medical diagnostics, displays, sensors, drug delivery, composite materials, solid state lighting, bio-materials, nano arrays, more powerful computers, protective armor, chem-bio suits, and chem-bio sensorsnanobiomaterials, microprocessors, new catalysts, portable energy cells, solar cells, tissue/organ regeneration, smart implants2016 and beyond – molecular circuitry, quantum computing, new materials, fast chemical analyses
24 Oklahoma Nano Legislation The 2006 Oklahoma Nanotechnology Sharing Incentive Act established the Oklahoma Nanotechnology Applications Project (ONAP) which provides $2 million to OCAST to be used to promote and provide incentives to further “applications of nanotechnology”.26 Oklahoma companies shared ideas through white papers on how they would seek to incorporate nanotechnology into their existing or emerging products. The first five winners were:
25 Access OpticsAccess Optics makes the lens for endoscopes and other medical devices.The ONAP program allowed them to develop a much better glass-to-metal seal using nanotechnology.They are the only company in the world who solved this problem and will soon make the entire medical device.
26 Martin Bionics/OrthoCare Innovations Martin Bionics was funded to develop a dry prosthetic device using a super-hydrophobic powder exclusively licensed from Oak Ridge National Labs They are the only prosthetic company who may have solved this industry problem.
27 Rupture Pin Technologies Rupture Pin Technologies, manufacturers oil and gas pressure relief valvesand is solving an o-ringblow-out problem using anew o-ring design andCarbon nanotubes to providestrength and flexibility. Thiswill allow them to become aworld leader in this industry.
28 High Quality, High Volume Carbon Nanotubes Southwest Nano-Technologies is fast becoming the world leader in high quality, high volume, lower cost carbon nanotubes using an patented scalable process that will allow them to produce kilotons rather than kilograms of high quality carbon nanotubes.
29 Carbon NanotubesA single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) is unique among solid state materials in that every atom is on the surface.Structurally, carbon nanotubes are 100 times stronger than steel and can conduct electricity better than copper.
30 Carbon Nanotube Composites Nano Ridge Materials has developed a carbon nanotube strengthened composite that is 70% stronger than metal and 40% the weight.This very strong composite has potential for aircraft replacement parts.
31 XetaCompXetaComp (Lawton) manufactures nanoparticles of titanium dioxide that enables the production of a “clear”, non-greasy, non-oily sunscreen called SunVex.Their nanoparticles may soon be in many other skin care products.
32 2008 ONAP AwardeesFour companies and four proof-of-concept awarded a total of $1.5 million this monthXetaComp Technologies – new personal care productsIMTEC - Dental Implant researchEKIPS – Nano laser for BreathmeterCharlesson – Optic treatments with nano-particles
33 Aerogel: the world’s lightest solid Aerogel is an ultra-low density solid, a gel in which the liquid component has been replaced with gas. Nicknamed “frozen smoke”, aerogel has a content of just 5% solid and 95% air, and is said to be the lightest weight solid in the world. Despite its lightness, aerogel can support over 2,000 times its own weight. One of the current applications is as insulation for space suits.
34 InsulationNanoscale materials hold great promise as insulators because of their extremely high surface-to-volume ratio. This gives them the ability to trap still air within a material layer of minimal thickness. Insulating nanomaterials may be sandwiched between rigid panels, applied as thin films, or painted on as coatings.Pioneer Builders (of Drumright) now offers Nanosulate spray-on insulation with an equivalent r-value of 50.
35 ARC Outdoors –Broken Arrow ARC Outdoors utilizes nano silver in making cloth for special purposes and currently has a line of anti-microbial clothing for hunters because the nano silver cloth eliminates odor/scent. These clothes are sold through Bass Pro Shops, Cabalas and some Wal-Mart stores.ARC is working on developing a line of hospital uniforms that also will be anti-microbial.
36 Nano CableNano Ridge Material and Boeing (Long beach) are partners on a $5.75 million Advanced Technology Program to develop Nano Cable by Nano Cable is a lightweight, highly conductive, electrical wire and cable that could bring significant gains in fuel savings, energy efficiency and operating costs.The technology is based on carbon nanotubes which conduct greater amounts of electric current than copper while having only 1/6th the weight.By 2010, the market for conductive polymer cable is expected to be 465 million lbs per year, worth $1.4 billion annually.
37 Nano Coatings Self-cleaning Scratch-resistant Anti-icing and anti-foggingAntimicrobialUV protectionCorrosion-resistantWaterproofing
38 Anti Stain CoatingsIn 2002, Eddie Bauer apparel became the first brand to employ Nano-Tex stain resistance technology in its designs. Nano-Tex has now expanded to bring stain resistance to fabrics and other interior finishes. Nano-Tex uses a process that bonds to each fiber, making textiles last longer, retain their natural feel and breathe normally.
39 Behr Paints Offers NanoGuard Behr’s best line of paint uses nanoparticles to provide a long lasting, anti-fade, more durable house paint that also prevents mildew.
40 Automotive Paint – Mercedes-Benz The 2007 Mercedes-Benz SL series cars sport a protective coating of nanoparticles that provides a three-fold improvement in the scratch resistance of the paintwork.
41 Nanolight of NormanNanolight, Inc.- Nanolight, Inc. is a high-tech company whose mission is to research and develop semiconductor nanofabrication techniques for implementation in cutting-edge infrared laser and detector systems. The company also assists others with product development efforts by providing epitaxial-related services and acting as a distributor for nanofabrication equipment.
42 Self Healing Composites Polymeric and composite materials are subject to weakening due to fatigue cracking. A self-healing composite has the potential to defend against material failure due to fatigue and to greatly improve product safety and reliability. Patent Office of Technology Management – University of Illinois Urbana Champian
43 Study of 200 Commercial Nano Products in medical and health fields Show enhanced platforms for drug development and deliveryNanoparticles such as colloidal gold, Quantum dots, liposomes, dendrimers and fullerenes are being used in pharmaceutical drug discovery and formulations for encapsulating drugs for drug deliveryOther biophase materials offer promise for tissue engineering products
44 NanomedicineNanoBioMagnetics is an Edmond, Oklahoma company that has demonstrated the ability to move nanoparticles through the body to specific cells. In the future, companies like NanoBioMagnetics anticipate being able to attach a drug to the nanoparticle and then deliver it reliably to the site of a cancerous cell and kill it.
45 Nano Workforce TrendsBefore 2010, the market for nanotechnology products and services is estimated to reach $1 trillion in the U.S. economy.This market will require anywhere from 800,000 to two million new jobs.Most of these workers will require at least two year postsecondary degrees.
46 Nano Technician Training OSU- Okmulgee has developed a Nano Instrumentation program that is included as an additional certification to their Electrical Engineering Associates program.Tulsa Community College is offering electronic courses for Nanotechnology and MEMS (Micro Electrical Mechanical Systems).Oklahoma City Community College offersa Nanotechnology and MEMS program.The Oklahoma State Dept. of Career andTechnology and OSU Okmulgee arepartnering on an NSF grant to create theOklahoma Nanotechnology EducationInitiative.
47 Nano ClearinghouseThe Oklahoma Nanotechnology Website will continue to grow as a one-stop clearinghouse for information with info on:Grant opportunities and technologies availableInfrastructure, resources and incentives available to nanotech companiesCollaboration opportunitiesUpdates on current nano activitiesOklahoma Nanotech companiesResearchers involved in Nanotech researchNano information and Activities for students and teachers
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