Presentation on theme: "S ENTENCE C ONNECTORS EGL 075. G OOD SENTENCES VS. R UN - ONS Do you remember what a clause is? A group of words that has a subject and a verb. How can."— Presentation transcript:
S ENTENCE C ONNECTORS EGL 075
G OOD SENTENCES VS. R UN - ONS Do you remember what a clause is? A group of words that has a subject and a verb. How can we use more than one clause in a sentence? We need to combine these clauses using special words called sentence connectors. What is a run-on? One kind of BAD sentence in English. A run-on strings together 2 or more clauses without sentence connectors.
W HICH ARE GOOD ? W HICH ARE RUN - ONS ? We went to the new store near our house last night after dinner. Sam always gets good grades, he studies hard. You want to become a doctor, you should take a lot of science courses. The professor knows a lot about psychology he doesn’t know how to teach. Although the weather was terrible, we went to the beach. The thief walked into the bank, he took out a gun, nobody paid attention to him.
C OORDINATE C ONJUNCTIONS We often use Coordinate Conjunctions to combine clauses in a sentence. Junko is a great athlete, and she’s a good student. Marco is handsome, but he’s stupid. Lakshmi was sick, so she stayed home. I’m going to take more classes, or I’ll get a job. Coordinate ConjunctionMeaning/Use andSimilarity, addition butContrast, difference soResult, effect orChoice, option
C OORDINATE C ONJUNCTIONS - FORM Do NOT begin a sentence with a coordinate conjunction. When the coordinate conjunction connects 2 clauses, put a comma after the first clause. Junko is a great athlete, and she’s a good student. Marco is handsome, but he’s stupid. Lakshmi was sick, so she stayed home. I’m going to take more classes, or I’ll get a job. If the coordinate conjunction connects 2 words or phrases, you don’t need a comma. Junko is a great athlete and a good student. Marco is handsome but stupid.
P RACTICE – C OMBINE THESE GROUPS OF SENTENCES USING COORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS. 1. We like to swim. We don’t like to fish. 2. Maria usually studies hard. Last week she didn’t study. She failed the test. 3. Cars are expensive to maintain. They are very convenient. 4. My brother is an excellent guitarist. My sister is a great singer. 5. Jun Hee had a terrible headache. He stayed home. 6. Paul had a terrible headache. He came to school.
S UBORDINATE C ONJUNCTIONS We already learned some subordinate conjunctions, but we’ll review here. Take a look at these sentences: 1. Barbara likes her neighborhood because she can walk everywhere. 2. After he left the party, he had an accident. 3. Although the weather was terrible, we went to the beach. 4. I was walking the dog when you called. 5. As soon as I walked in the house, the phone rang.
S UBORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS - FORM Remember that we can put the subordinate conjunction between the 2 clauses or in front of the first clause. Sara is upset because she lost her job. Because Sara lost her job, she is upset. If the subordinate conjunction comes before the 2 clauses, put a comma between the clauses.
S HORT L IST OF S UBORDINATE C ONJUNCTIONS Because If Unless Although Before As soon as While When After Until
P RACTICE – C OMBINE EACH GROUP WITH SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS. 1. She failed the test. She didn’t study. 2. He was well-qualified. He didn’t get the job. 3. I heard you were sick. Right away I called you. (take out “right away”) 4. I was washing the dishes. At the same time, Ann was mopping the floor. (Take out “at the same time.” 5. His girlfriend broke up with him. He is very sad.