1. Why were the city of New Orleans and the Mississippi River important to farmers in the early 1800’s? Farmers depended on the river to get their crops to the port in New Orleans, they would load them onto ships bound for markets in Europe and on the East Coast. Read Section 15.2 up to the subhead “A Noble Bargain.”
The United States wanted possession of the port city of New Orleans, near the mouth of the Mississippi River. By 1800, thousands of farmers were settling land to the west of the Appalachian Mountains. To get their crops to market, they floated them down the Mississippi to New Orleans. There the crops were shipped to Europe or to cities on the East Coast.
2.What was Napoleon’s plan for Louisiana? Why were American farmers alarmed by it? Napoleon wanted to settle the territory with French farmers, who would supply food for the slaves that worked in the Caribbean. American farmers feared that if the port of New Orleans were closed to Americans, they would not be able to get their crops to market.
First claimed by France, it was given to Spain after the French and Indian War. In 1800, the French ruler. Napoleon Bonaparte convinced Spain to return Louisiana to France. Napoleon had plans for Louisiana, he hoped to settle the territory with thousands of French farmers. These farmers would raise food for the slaves who worked on France’s sugar plantations in the Caribbean. If Napoleon closed the port of New Orleans to American goods, farmers would have no way to get their crops to market.
Read the rest of Section 15.2 to find out what happened…………..
3. What deal was made on April 30, 1803? Give two reasons why Napoleon was willing to make this deal with the United States. The United States agreed to buy the Louisiana Territory for $15 million. Napoleon no longer needed the territory because slaves had revolted in Haiti and overthrown the government. France was about to enter into war with the British and might lose the territory anyway.
In 1803, President Jefferson sent James Monroe to France with an offer to buy city of New Orleans for $7.5 million. By the time Monroe reached France, Napoleon had changed his plans. A few years earlier, a slave named Toussaint L’Ouverture had led a slave revolt in the French Caribbean colony known today as Haiti. The former slaves defeated the French troops who tried to take back the colony, as a result, Napoleon no longer needed Louisiana. Napoleon’s offered to sell all of Louisiana On April 30, 1803, he signed a treaty giving Louisiana to the United States in exchange for $15 million.
4. List 2 pros and 2 cons of the Louisiana Purchase PROCON doubled the country’s size at a cheap price secured the free navigation of the Mississippi River gained lands without bloodshed impossible to govern such a large piece of land some easterners feared they would lose power in Congress to new western states too expensive when the country had little money unconstitutional
On your map, draw the boundaries of the newly acquired territory and annotate the map. Use these three terms in your annotations: Thomas Jefferson, Louisiana Territory, France. TJ bought LT from France in 1803 for $15mil
Read Section up to the subheading “Govern or Get Out.” Instead, Jackson invaded Florida, captured military forts, executed two British subjects for stirring up Indian attacks, and replaced the Spanish governor. 1. What did President Monroe order Andrew Jackson to do in 1818? What did Jackson do instead? President Monroe ordered Jackson to chase raiding Seminole Indians back into Florida, but not to invade Florida.
Florida had a diverse population of Seminole Indians, Spanish colonists, English traders, and runaway slaves Many white Americans in the Southeast wanted the United States to take over Florida. Slave owners in Georgia were angry because slaves sometimes ran away to Florida. In addition, white landowners in Georgia were upset by Seminole raids on their lands. Over the next few years, Spain’s control of Florida weakened. The Spanish government could do nothing to stop the raids on farms in Georgia by Seminoles and ex-slaves.
Spain agreed to leave Florida. The United States agreed to pay $5 million in settlers’ claims and to honor Spain’s claim to Texas. 2. Explain the deal that the United States made with Spain in 1819 to end the conflict over Florida.
All but one of Monroe’s cabinet members advised him to remove Jackson and apologize to Spain. The exception was Secretary of State John Quincy Adams who said to send Spain a blunt message The message was this: govern Florida properly or get out. Equally fearful of war, Spain decided to get out. In 1819, the Spanish government agreed to yield Florida to the US. In exchange, the US agreed to pay off $5 million in settlers’ claims against Spain. The US also agreed to honor Spain’s longtime claim to Texas.
Then, on the map below, draw the boundaries of the newly acquired territory and annotate the map. Use these three terms in your annotations: Spain, Andrew Jackson, runaway slaves. Runaway slaves and poor leadership led to AJ invading FL; we bought from Spain for $5mil
1. List two complaints of American settlers in Texas in 1830. Americans were used to governing themselves and did not want to take orders from the Mexican government. All official documents had to be in Spanish. Mexico outlawed slavery in 1829 and many Americans in Texas were slaveholders. Read Section 15.4 up to the subhead “To Annex Texas or Not?”
Then list two complaints of Tejanos in 1830. Tejanos were upset that many Americans had settled in Texas illegally. Americans showed little respect for Mexican culture. Many Americans had no intention of becoming citizens.
Read the remainder of Section 15.4 to find out what happened. Situation 3:Texas What action should the United States take? A. Let Texas remain an independent country. Try to establish good relations with Texas, and avoid angering Mexico. B. Annex Texas to the United States and risk war with Mexico. C. Make a treaty with Mexico agreeing to split Texas between the two countries.
Moses Austin given land grant in Texas by Spanish
25,000 Americans live in Texas, compared to 4,000 Tejanos.
Stephen F. Austin travels to Mexico City to try to convince the government to reopen Texas to immigration and make it a separate Mexican state. General Santa Anna throws him in jail. Stephen F. Austin travels and make it a separate Mexican state. General Santa Anna throws him in jail.
Texas revolts against the government. General Santa Anna marches 6,000 troops into Texas to crush the rebels.
The Texans are defeated at the Alamo, with no survivors.
April 1836 Texans yell “Remember the Alamo!” as they surprise attack and defeat the Mexican army near the San Jacinto River. Santa Anna is captured.
The Republic of Texas is a free and independent country nicknamed the Lone Star Republic.
Draw the boundaries of the newly acquired territory and annotate the map. Use these three terms in your annotations: Stephen Austin, Mexico, Alamo.
1. What agreement did Great Britain and the United States make in the 1820s concerning Oregon? 2. Why Oregon was called a “pioneer’s paradise”? Great Britain and the United States agreed to a peaceful joint occupation of Oregon. fertile soil, towering forests, sunny weather, no disease, free farms Read Section up to the subhead All of Oregon or Half?
Situation 4: Oregon Country What action should the United States take? Circle your choice. A. Annex all of Oregon to the United States and risk war with Britain. B. Offer to sell Oregon to Britain in order to increase the money in the United States Treasury. C. Make a treaty with Britain agreeing to divide Oregon between the two countries. Read the remainder of Section 15.5 to find out what happened.
3. What did James Polk mean when he declared “Fifty-four forty or fight!” in the 1844 presidential campaign? Did he follow through with this campaign promise? Explain. Polk wanted the United States to have the entire Oregon Country and was willing to fight Great Britain for it. He did not follow through with this promise, but instead used diplomacy to reach a compromise that gave half of Oregon to the United States and half to Britain.
Draw the boundaries of the newly acquired territory and annotate the map. Use these three terms in your annotations: Britain, 49th parallel, pioneers.
Read Section 15.6 up to the subhead “The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.” 1. Why did President Polk think the Mexican government might want to sell California and New Mexico? Polk thought the Mexican government might sell California and New Mexico because they were thinly settled and neglected by the Mexican government.
2. Label the map with sentences to explain why the U.S. Congress declared war on Mexico in 1846. Texas claimed the Rio Grande was the border. Mexico wanted the Nueces River to be the border. April 25, 1846: Mexican troops fire on U.S. soldiers patrolling the Rio Grande. President Polk claims Mexico had invaded the United States.
Situation 5:War with Mexico What action should the United States take? A. Apologize for invading Mexico, offer to buy California and New Mexico, and accept the Nueces River as the border between Texas and Mexico. B. Demand that Mexico recognize the Rio Grande as the border of Texas and cede (give up) California and New Mexico to the United States. C. Annex all of Mexico to the United States because it is weak after losing the Mexican War. Read the remainder of Section 15.6 to find out what happened.
3. Choose two of these Mexican-American War battle locations: New Mexico, California, Monterrey, Buena Vista, or Chapultepec. Then create two historical newspaper headlines for each of your two battle locations. Write the first headline for a U.S. newspaper whose editors agreed with manifest destiny. Write the second headline for a newspaper in Mexico.
Mexico gave up Texas and the Mexican Cession, which included the present-day CA, NV, AZ, NM, UT, CO and WY. The United States agreed to pay Mexico $15 million. The United States promised to protect Mexican citizens living in Texas and the Mexican Cession.
Draw the boundaries of the newly acquired territory and annotate the map. Use these three terms in your annotations: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Rio Grande, California The TofGH made the RG the border of TX and gave us all of CA
TerritoryAnnex DiplomacyManifest Destiny Texas War for IndependenceMexican-American War A region of land; also a region designated by Congress and organized under a governor To add a territory to a country. Such an addition is called an annexation The art of conducting negotiations with other countries The belief that it was America’s right and duty to spread the nation across the North American continent 1836 rebellion of Texans against Mexican rule that resulted in Texas becoming an independent nation The war with Mexico from 1846-1847 that resulted in Mexico ceding to the United States a huge region from Texas to California
Select six characters from the drawing below (you may include animals), and create speech or thought bubbles for each one. In each bubble, write one or two sentences describing the character’s thoughts or feelings. If necessary, write your sentences as captions in the space below the drawing. Color the drawing to make it look like the actual painting. Each bubble is worth 10 points (they MUST be historically authentic and appropriate for points) Overall appearance is worth 20 points Total possible 80 points