Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Westward Movement Summarize the events that led to key territorial acquisitions-including the Louisiana Purchase, the Florida Purchase, the Northwest Territory.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Westward Movement Summarize the events that led to key territorial acquisitions-including the Louisiana Purchase, the Florida Purchase, the Northwest Territory."— Presentation transcript:

1 Westward Movement Summarize the events that led to key territorial acquisitions-including the Louisiana Purchase, the Florida Purchase, the Northwest Territory treaty, the annexation of Texas, and the Mexican Cession, as well as the motives for these acquisitions and the location and geographic features of the lands acquired. Key Territorial Acquisitions

2 The Louisiana Purchase

3 Louisiana Purchase What were the events leading to and motives for this acquisition? It was too costly for farmers to transport their goods across the Appalachians Mountains. Therefore, Thomas Jefferson made inquiries to buy the land around New Orleans. He hoped to helped farmers along the Mississippi River who needed to transport their products downriver to the French port of New Orleans.

4 Louisiana Purchase What were the location and geographic features of this acquisition? (1803) France surprised Jefferson by offering him the entire area of Louisiana which encompassed the territory west of the Mississippi River to present-day Idaho and north to Canada. Identify it on a map.

5 The Florida Purchase

6 Florida Purchase What were the events leading to and motives for this acquisition? It was the result of the friction between Spain and the United States over the boundary lines of the Louisiana Purchase. Also, relations with the Native Americans also impacted the United States’ desire for this land.

7 Florida Purchase What were the location and geographic features of this acquisition? Spain sold Florida to the United States (1819) in exchange for money and a clear border between the Louisiana Territory and New Spain.

8 The Northwest Territory Treaty Also Known as “Oregon Treaty”

9 The Northwest Territory Treaty What were the events leading to and motives for this acquisition? Initially, Americans in search of economic opportunity in the fur trade moved into the area. The farmers that followed the fur traders wanted to be part of the United States.

10 The Northwest Territory Treaty What were the events leading to and motives for this acquisition? The United States claimed the Oregon Territory based on the explorations of Lewis and Clark. Britain also claimed it. After much negotiation, this treaty was a compromise with Great Britain.

11 The Northwest Territory Treaty What were the location and geographic features of this acquisition? Some Americans wanted to claim the land to the parallel, but the northern boundary of the United States was set at the 49th parallel. Includes the present-day states of Washington and Oregon

12 The Annexation of Texas

13 What were the events leading to and motives for this acquisition? Came a decade after the Texan War for Independence from Mexico. Prior to Texan independence, American southerners accepted Mexico’s invitation to move into the Texas territory. These cotton planters agreed to become Mexican citizens and to follow Mexican law in order to have access to more fertile land for cotton.

14 The Annexation of Texas What were the events leading to and motives for this acquisition? When a new dictatorial Mexican government enforced its control over Texas, including the outlaw of slavery, Texas rebelled and fought a war to win their independence. Texans wanted to become a part of the United States. At first, the U.S. Congress would not annex Texas because it would upset the balance of free and slave states. So, Texas was an independent country for 9 years.

15 The Annexation of Texas What were the events leading to and motives for this acquisition? When James K. Polk became president, running on the platform of Manifest Destiny, the United States Congress annexed Texas.

16 The Annexation of Texas What were the location and geographic features of this acquisition? Find it on a map!

17 The Mexican Cession

18 What were the events leading to and motives for this acquisition? This was the territory the U.S. acquired as a result of winning the Mexican War. What happened? The Mexican War was a result of Manifest Destiny, the desire for Pacific ports, and the annexation of Texas. The U.S. wanted a port on the Pacific coast in the Mexican territory of California. President Polk tried to buy this land but the Mexicans would not sell.

19 The Mexican Cession What happened next? Since the Mexicans wouldn’t sell, after Texas was annexed, the United States sent American troops into an area on the border of Texas that the Mexican government also claimed as their own. Shots were fired and a war started! The United States invaded now Mexico and defeated the Mexican army.

20 The Mexican Cession What were the location and geographic features of this acquisition ? The treaty that ended this war ceded Mexican territory in what is now New Mexico, Arizona, California, Utah, and Nevada to the United States. Find it on a map!

21 The Mexican Cession What were other results ? The Mexican cession gave the United States access to Pacific ports and the gold fields of California.

22 Westward Movement Summarize the events that led to key territorial acquisitions-including the Louisiana Purchase, the Florida Purchase, the Northwest Territory treaty, the annexation of Texas, and the Mexican Cession, as well as the motives for these acquisitions and the location and geographic features of the lands acquired. Key Territorial Acquisitions


Download ppt "Westward Movement Summarize the events that led to key territorial acquisitions-including the Louisiana Purchase, the Florida Purchase, the Northwest Territory."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google