Presentation on theme: "Module 17 Tracing Access to SQL Server 2008 R2. Module Overview Capturing Activity using SQL Server Profiler Improving Performance with the Database Engine."— Presentation transcript:
Module Overview Capturing Activity using SQL Server Profiler Improving Performance with the Database Engine Tuning Advisor Working with Tracing Options
Lesson 1: Capturing Activity using SQL Server Profiler Overview of SQL Server Profiler Available Tracing Output Options Commonly used Trace Events Commonly used Trace Columns Filtering Traces Working with Trace Templates Demonstration 1A: Capturing Activity using SQL Server Profiler
Overview of SQL Server Profiler Based on the SQL Trace programming interface Used in many scenarios such as debugging, performance monitoring, deadlock monitoring, and many others Replay functionality for stress testing SQL Server Profiler is a tool used to trace activity against SQL Server.
Available Tracing Output Options Profiler traces can be saved in tables and files For file output, ensure that you configure: Maximum file size (default of 5MB is almost always too small) Enable file rollover (if appropriate)
Commonly used Trace Events Events: The occurrence of an action within SQL Server Categories: Groups of related trace events Events: The occurrence of an action within SQL Server Categories: Groups of related trace events Example EventDescription SQL:BatchCompleted A SQL Server batch completed SQL:StmtCompleted A T-SQL statement completed RPC:Completed A remote procedure call (stored procedure) completed Audit Login / Audit LogoutLogin or Logout occurred Deadlock Graph An XML description of a deadlock was captured
Commonly used Trace Columns Avoid capturing too many columns, to minimize trace size Not all events provide data in every column Columns can be used to group event data Trace columns represent data (often attributes) that can be captured when an event occurs.
Filtering Traces Avoid capturing too many events, to minimize: Trace size Performance impact Complexity during analysis Filter is only applied when the filtered column is supported by the selected event
Working with Trace Templates SQL Server provides a number of standard templates Users can save trace templates from existing trace configurations Trace templates are predefined (or user-defined) sets of event classes and trace columns.
Demonstration 1A: Capturing Activity using SQL Server Profiler In this demonstration, you will see: How to create and run a trace using SQL Server Profiler How to use a trace to capture SQL Server activity How to save the trace to a file
Lesson 2: Improving Performance with the Database Engine Tuning Advisor Overview of Performance Tuning Available Options for Performance Tuning Introduction to the Database Engine Tuning Advisor Database Engine Tuning Advisor Options Demonstration 2A: Using the Database Engine Tuning Advisor
Available Options for Performance Tuning Database Engine Tuning Advisor SSMS Activity Monitor Standard Reports Custom Reports Dynamic Management Objects SQL Server Data Collection SQL Server Profiler SQL Trace SQL Server Extended Events Reliability and Performance Monitor
Database Engine Tuning Advisor Reports and Recommendations Workload Database Engine Tuning Advisor Database and Database Objects Used to suggest index and statistics changes for improving performance Processes workloads captured by SQL Server Profiler as traces
Database Engine Tuning Advisor Options Limit the time for analysis Analysis can take a long time for large schemas and workloads Determine the types of recommendations that should be returned
Demonstration 2A: Using the Database Engine Tuning Advisor In this demonstration you will see how to use the Database Engine Tuning Advisor to generate indexing and partitioning recommendations for a query
Lesson 3: Working with Tracing Options Overview of SQL Trace SQL Trace vs. SQL Server Profiler Demonstration 3A: SQL Trace Retrieving Trace Output Replaying Traces Default Trace Combining Traces with Reliability and Performance Monitor Logs Demonstration 3B: Combining Traces with Reliability and Performance Monitor Logs
Overview of SQL Trace SQL Server Profiler can be used to script SQL traces Events can be sent to files or SMO objects SQL Server Profiler uses SMO to create and consume traces SQL Trace is a programming interface that is based on system stored procedures and is used for capturing activity against SQL Server.
SQL Trace vs. SQL Server Profiler SQL Trace Defined through procedures Runs directly within the database engine Writes events to files or SMO Used for: Long term monitoring Performance-critical traces Large traces SQL Server Profiler Use via a Graphical tool Utilizes SQL Trace Write to files or database tables Used for: Debugging on test systems Short term analysis Small traces
Demonstration 3A: SQL Trace In this demonstration, you will see: How to script a trace using SQL Server Profiler How to start a SQL Trace How to viewing a SQL Trace using SQL Server Profiler
Retrieving Trace Output SQL Server Traces are written to files Traces can be analyzed by: Opening the trace in SQL Server Profiler Importing the trace into a SQL Server table CREATE TABLE dbo.tracetable ( TextData varchar(max) NULL, BinaryData varbinary(max) NULL,... ); INSERT INTO dbo.tracetable SELECT * FROM fn_trace_gettable('L:\Traces\adworks.trc',default); CREATE TABLE dbo.tracetable ( TextData varchar(max) NULL, BinaryData varbinary(max) NULL,... ); INSERT INTO dbo.tracetable SELECT * FROM fn_trace_gettable('L:\Traces\adworks.trc',default);
Replaying Traces Multithreaded playback engine to reproduce activity Validate configuration changes Test performance changes Specific Events and Columns must be present in trace file Use TSQL_Replay trace template
Default Trace Traces mostly configuration changes for troubleshooting Written to log directory of SQL Server Uses up to five 20MB trace rollover files Is on by default Can be configured using sp_configure: EXEC sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1; RECONFIGURE; EXEC sp_configure 'default trace enabled', 1; RECONFIGURE; EXEC sp_configure 'show advanced options', 0; RECONFIGURE; EXEC sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1; RECONFIGURE; EXEC sp_configure 'default trace enabled', 1; RECONFIGURE; EXEC sp_configure 'show advanced options', 0; RECONFIGURE;
Combining Traces with Performance Monitor Logs Correlate Performance Monitor with SQL Trace events in SQL Server Profiler
Demonstration 3B: Combining Traces with Performance Monitor Logs In this demonstration, you will see how to combine a SQL Server trace with a performance monitor log.
Lab 17: Tracing Access to SQL Server Exercise 1: Capture a trace using SQL Server Profiler Exercise 2: Analyze a trace using Database Engine Tuning Advisor Challenge Exercise 3: Configure SQL Trace (Only if time permits) Logon information Estimated time: 45 minutes
Lab Scenario The developers for the new marketing application are concerned about the performance of their queries. When the developers were testing the application they were working with small amounts of data and performance was acceptable. The developers are unsure that they have created appropriate indexes to support the application. You will use SQL Server Profiler to capture traces of application execution. You will then analyze the traces using the Database Engine Tuning Advisor. If you have time, you will configure traces using the SQL Trace system stored procedures.
Lab Review In what situations would you use SQL Trace rather than SQL Server Profiler? How would you limit the contents of your trace to events that are related to a specific database?
Module Review and Takeaways Review Questions Best Practices
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