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Nepal Red Cross Society in Disaster Response Disaster Response Dharma Raj Pandey Head, Disaster Management Department Nepal Red Cross Society.

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Presentation on theme: "Nepal Red Cross Society in Disaster Response Disaster Response Dharma Raj Pandey Head, Disaster Management Department Nepal Red Cross Society."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nepal Red Cross Society in Disaster Response Disaster Response Dharma Raj Pandey Head, Disaster Management Department Nepal Red Cross Society

2 Presentation Outline Key Guiding Documents Major Areas of intervention of NRCS in DM and Response Capacity NRCS response process Response Practice Challenges/constraints Key lessons learnt

3 Key Guiding Documents Internal  DM Policy  Disaster Management Strategic Framework (DMSF) 2010-2015  EQ contingency plan  Relief manual  Disaster Response operational manual  Warehouse management guideline  Fund management guideline  Emergency shelter guideline Internal  DM Policy  Disaster Management Strategic Framework (DMSF) 2010-2015  EQ contingency plan  Relief manual  Disaster Response operational manual  Warehouse management guideline  Fund management guideline  Emergency shelter guideline External  Natural Calamity act 1982  NSDRM  NDRF  DPRP External  Natural Calamity act 1982  NSDRM  NDRF  DPRP

4 Disaster response (emergency relief) Disaster recovery (early recovery) Disaster risk reduction (Building safer communities, organization development, response preparedness as well as organizational and capacity building) as development initiatives Population Movement/Restoring Family Links Areas of Intervention of NRCS Disaster Management

5 Areas of Intervention on Disaster Response NRCS provides assistance for immediate relief and early recovery that are urgently needed during and after the disaster to assist affected people utilizing its standard assessment procedures Restoring family links’ Temporary shelter Ambulance service Blood transfusion service Seeds, tools distribution as part of early recovery Education support (through partnership) Restoring family links’ Temporary shelter Ambulance service Blood transfusion service Seeds, tools distribution as part of early recovery Education support (through partnership) Non-Food Item distribution Food item distribution First Aid service Potable water Garbage removal/cleaning of sources/ WASH Primary health care (through partnership) Non-Food Item distribution Food item distribution First Aid service Potable water Garbage removal/cleaning of sources/ WASH Primary health care (through partnership)

6 Resources (3M)Tools and Equipments Rub Hall : 1LSAR Equipment: 159 Emergency Fund: NPR 22 MillionE. Comms. : VHF and WISP Response operation fund: 2 Million GIS Ambulance service;181 (69 dist.) Blood TCs 86 (62 dist.) GPS equipment Warehouses:12 (total Capacity 36,000 NFRI) Sat phones: 5 / PPEs: 1,000 Emergency WATSAN kits: 2 &5 (2000/5000 beneficiaries) Hygiene kits: 305 Emergency shelter kits : 774 set Material Resources Preparedness measures

7 FACT: 3 Global Level ERU, FACT (5) Regional Level RDRT: ( 58) National Level NDRT, CSSR, MFR: (294) Dead Body Mgmt: 401 PSP/ Counseling: 29/53 Emergency shelter :107 PHiE: 30 District Level DDRT, LSAR, RCAT : 19,084 (69 DCs) Tracing personnel: 255 Advance FA: 182 WASH: 1,642 Community Level LSAR: 2, 000 (App) CADRE: 2291 Human Resources Preparedness measures

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9 NRCS Coordination system in DM DP/DRR 1) Institutional DP 2) CBDRR DR 1)Relief and rehab 2)Population movement Go/N Home Ministry CNDRC District Administration Office (75 districts) DDRC VDCs- Municipalities- NRCS Central Executive Committee National DCM Committee DM Department District Chapter-75 Districts Chapter DMC Sub-Chapter & Cooperation Committee DMC (but not in all place) DP-NET IFRC ICRC PNSs INGOs NGOs CBOs Internationa l Community /Donors

10 NRCS Response Process

11 Operation Cycle : Normal Situation EOC functions as Resource Centre like, discussion, meeting, exhibition etc. Alert Phase EOC alerts the respective district chapter, staff and volunteers and other stakeholders immanent emergency Response Phase EOC leads the response operation and communication of the response and relief to the disaster) Recovery Phase (EOC coordinates the Early Recovery efforts and once the recovery interventions inters its more stable phase the EOC de- activates from emergency phase to Normal functions)

12 ERC EOC CNDRC Sector Teams (HQ) NEOC DC EOC Field Teams DC EOC Response Structure :

13 Emergency Response Committee (ERC) ( policies, guidelines and directives of Operations) Operation flow chart : 1. Emergency Response Committee (ERC)

14 Emergency Operation Centre EOC Coordinator/DM Director ( Leadership of the overall operation cycle, staff and volunteer mobilization and reporting ) Operation flow chart : 2. Emergency Operation Centre Coordinator

15 Operations, Information Communication Management ( Overall coordination of the response operation, act as a communication focal staff and volunteer mobilization and reporting ) Operation flow chart : 3. Operations, Information Communication Management

16 Sectoral Team ( Implementation of respective sectoral responsibility ) Operation flow chart : 5. Sectroal Team

17 Early notification (within 6 hours) Rapid Assessment (within 72 hours) Distribution of immediate relief items Distribution of Ready to eat food, Distribution of non-food items Detail Need Assessment (4-10 days) Sector specific response Distribution of staple food, Distribution of non-food items, Transitional shelter, Provisioning of safe drinking water, Basic health service etc Relief Phase

18 Detail Need and Damage Assessment (60 days) Early recovery along with Sector specific response Distribution of staple food; Distribution of non-food items (as per need); Provisioning of safe drinking water; Basic health support; Livelihood promotion, Reconstruction etc Early recovery along with Sector specific response Distribution of staple food; Distribution of non-food items (as per need); Provisioning of safe drinking water; Basic health support; Livelihood promotion, Reconstruction etc Recovery Phase

19 Response Practice

20 Organize emergency meeting immediately after the disaster (at HQ and DC levels) Activate EOC (based on scale of disaster) Contact with DCs and gathered preliminary information Contact with Disaster Response Team members and deploy. NHQs standby NDRT/RDRT members to assist district chapters and deploy based on need

21 Daily situation report is being produced by NHQs Information sharing (data compiled, updated and shared) to various agencies, media Transport relief material (Warehouses to DCs to SCs) Distribute relief Package especially NFRI set Coordinate with internal and external partners for resource generation/Emergency appeal launch (DREF) Conduct Monitoring and Supervision Organize lessons learnt workshop and capture lessons for future improvement

22 Challenges/Constraints – Assessment Data variation and access to site – Transportation and logistics Due to geographical condition

23 Lessons Learnt Better preparedness and response mechanism at VDC, DC and national level ensures timely and effective response, Communication (VDC-DC-central level) and sharing of information helps coordinated relief efforts, avoiding duplication,

24 Lessons Learnt Emergency meetings and consultations among different stakeholder to ensure effective response operation Established HR roster and tools are very helpful in timely response operation Joint assessment, mobilizing human resources from various agencies can be helpful for sector specific response.

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28 NFRI Preposition

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30 Thank you


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