Presentation on theme: "Engaging the community- volunteerism and DM in Nepal"— Presentation transcript:
1Engaging the community- volunteerism and DM in Nepal Umesh Prasad DhakalExecutive DirectorNepal Red Cross Society
2Global PerspectivesThe global Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteer workforce numbers 13.1 million: greater than the population of Greece, and equivalent to the population of Tokyo.Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteers contributed USD 6 billion dollars worth of services worldwide in 2010.The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is calling on governments around the world to continue to increase the protection of volunteers by identifying gaps or barriers in laws and policies related to issues such as liability, insurance, and health and safety.•
3Mission of Nepal Red Cross Relieve human suffering and to reduce vulnerability through community participation and mobilistion of an increased number of volunteers, by expanding and strengthening the organisational structure of the Society and building links with governmental and non-governmental organisations.
4Capacity of Nepal Red Cross More than 6,000 organisational units (chapters / sub- chapters, JRC/Y Circles) across the country.More than 1 million members.Nearly 90,000 trained volunteers in several disciplines.Community reach across the whole countryDiversified programmes which integrate volunteer management.
5Human Resources (both volunteers and professionals) Volunteers in disaster managementHuman Resources (both volunteers and professionals)FACT: 3Simulator: 115ERU: 1RCAT: 2,625RDRT: 39MFR: 12NDRT: 147CSSR: 4DDRT: 1,667 (53 districts)PHiE: 29LSAR: Around 2, 000WASH: 1,642First Aid Volunteer: 14,016Dead Body Management: 13First Aid Trainers: 651Tracing personnel: 255Advance First Aider: 182PSP/ Counseling: 29/53Regional core group/FA: 41Emergency shelter trainer:22
6Volunteer Management Volunteer Management Policy(2002). Volunteer Management Handbook (2006).Volunteer management as an organisational development programme.Systems and structures for managing and mobilising volunteers:On line databaseTraining, refresher trainingRecruitment and rotation systemFrequent mobilisation for emergencies and simulations
7Linkages between volunteers and comminities Community Based Approach to DRR and DM
8CommunityA community is a group of households, families or individuals living in a certain geographical area; working together for a common purpose; however, are diverse in terms of culture, gender, age and with differentiated interests.
9Why focus on communities? Communities are ones who suffer most from these disasters every year:Nepal: Country with diverse topography.Multitudes of hazards existing in the communities.10,000 families are affected annually by disaster, 2 lives per day - the highest rate in South Asia.Communities are first to be affected and first to respond.
10Communities in DRRCommunities are an effective and cost efficient, frontline force for prevention and mitigation efforts, saving lives, protecting livelihoods, enabling sustainable development.The investment in DRR and mitigation yields benefits at the ratio 1:18.6 (Cost Benefit analysis report of CBDRR, 2010.)
11Characteristics of a disaster resilient community 7. Coordination and partnership mechanism6. Community action team and tools/equipments5. Community managed Contingency/DRR funds4. Early warning system3.DRR/M plan, includes some core/minimum elements/risk reduction2. Systematic and participatory multi-hazard risk assessment1.Functional institutional base for DRR initiatives
12Community Organization process Reaching the communtitiesSite selectionCommunity organization/ Rapport buildingCommunity Organization processInstitutional setting/ CDRMO formationReview, evaluation and handing overRisk Assessment/ Community Situation analysis (CSA)Community Disaster risk management planningCommunity led DRM action
13Engaging communities Community Organisation for DRR 2. Community Organisation / Rapport Building3. Insitiutional Setting / CDRMO Formation4. Risk Assessment / Situation Analysis5. Community Disaster Risk Management Planning6. Community-led DRM action7. Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation1. Site SelectionCommunity Organisation for DRR
146 months Inception phase 21 months Development phase 9 months Community Based DRR Project Cycle6 monthsInception phase21 monthsDevelopment phase9 monthsExit phase
15Lessons Learnt Community based programmes: help to build solidarity among community people and strengthens community resilience.help to increase community volunteers and expanding organisation.ensure optimum utilization of local resources for risk reduction and capacity building.Sustainability measures need to be considered right from the planning phase.Community/volunteer involvement is the key for success.
16RecommendationsMake the most out of community knowledge and resources:Encourage the use of indigenous knowledge and practices through the engagement of communities.Calculate and acknowledge the economic and social value of volunteers.
17Recommendations 2. Ensure good volunteer management systems: Establish a systematic, institutionalised approach to volunteer management based on a volunteer management cycleIntegrate volunteer management into all programmes / projectsSystem of rewards and recognition
18Recommendations3. Create an enabling environment for volunteers through:Improving the protection, recognition and promotion of volunteers.Providing insurance for volunteers working in emergenciesCalculate and acknowledge the economic and social value of volunteers.