P Increased circulation of money P Unlimited minting of silver P Progressive Income Tax P Gov’t ownership of comm. & transportation
What was Pres. Grant’s Black Friday?
New York Gold Exchange, Grant’s brother- in law was involved in a scandal that caused the gold market to crash
Scandal under Grant administration involving the Railroad (Union Pacific)
A group of distillers & public officials (Grant’s Staff) defrauded the government of liquor taxes.
Political club that ran New York cities Democratic Party.
Boss of Democratic Party in New York. He accepted bribes and kickbacks (Thomas Nast)
What were the details of the Garfield assassination?
He was shot at a D.C. RR Station by Guiteau because Garfield had not given him a job.
Who was responsible for civil service reform and what did it do?
Chester Arthur It made sure that goverment jobs would go to qualified people. It ended spoils system.
What were the Granger Laws?
Regulated RR prices & practices
What was the Interstate Commerce Act?
Regulated RR prices could charge for freight traveling between states. Illegal to give special rates to certain customers
How did the following change the lives of Americans? (electricity, plumbing, communication, and transportation)
Made life more convenient and made it possible to talk to long distance and travel longer distances
Stronger nations attempt to build an empire by dominating weaker ones.
Identify the causes of American Imperialism
Promote economic growth protest American security Preserve American spirit
Identify the consequences of Imperialism
New Markets Stronger Military Unpopular abroad Higher Taxes
Between U.S. and Spain over the freedom of Cuba also in Philippines
Economies that extract resources from other regions
Built to connect Pacific and Atlantic Goethals (engineer) Roosevelt President Yellow Fever thread of schedule Below budget
Sensational new coverage emphasizing crime and scandal
Movement to give women the right to vote
Food and Drug Administration Required labeling of ingredients, strict sanitary practices, and rating system for meats
Citizens can put a proposed law directly on the ballot in the next election with petition signatures
Allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by their legislature
Permits voters to remove public officials from office before the next election
Outlawed any combination of companies that restrained interstate trade commerce
Named by TR, journalist who uncovered wrong doing in politics and business
What were the causes of WW1?
Imperialism Militarism Nationalism Alliances
List new trends, inventions, and ideas of the 1920’s.
Women’s dress Women Working & Voting Rural to Urban Movement Airplane Entertainment Jazz Mass Media
“The Perfect 36”
Book that chronicles how men and women helped women earn the right to vote. 36 was the number needed to ratify Tennessee was number 36
Anne Dallas Dudley-
Suffragist Pivotal in TN women’s suffrage struggle
Cast the deciding vote in TN suffrage movement
What factors caused the Great Depression?
Uneven Prosperity High Personal Debt Speculation of Stock Surplus of Goods
African American literary awakening of the 1920’s centered in Harlem (Langston Hughes)
Group of writers in the 1920’s who shared the belief they were lost in a greedy materialistic world that lacked moral values and who often fled to Europe.
Expose that resulted in the Sherman Anti- Trust and break up of Standard Oil
The Jungle exposed the unsanitary practices of the meat packing industry
Helped form Bull Moose Party forestry
How did radio, movies, jazz, and sports change American life?
Gave Americans new outlet to occupy their leisure time
What were the causes of World War 2?
Treaty of Versailles humiliated Germany Fascism Imperialism
List the negative patterns of an economic cycle.
` Dwindling business activity ` unemployment ` excess inventory ` decreased production ` Prepossession ` Increased business failure ` Bankruptcy
Government that exerts total control over the nation and citizen’s life
Emphasizes importance of the nation, or one ethnic group, and the supreme authority of a leader over that of an individual
Government owned all land and property One Political Party Needs of country took priority over the individual
Devotion to one’s country
Hostility or discrimination against Jews
Makeshift homeless shelters during the Great Depression
Group of WW1 Veterans and their families who protested in Washington, D.C. (1932) demanding immediate payment of a pension bonus
How did the Great Depression cause migrations and worldwide depression?
People moved to find work All economies were connected because of trade
Why did FDR win so easily in 1932?
Promise of a New Deal (Economic Relief)
(1935) Pension plan for elderly & others who can not take care of themselves
Works Progress Administration Gave unemployed work in building construction and arts programs
Tennessee Valley Authority Hydroelectric Power Flood Control Recreation Activities for Tennessee River Valley
Indian Reorganization Act
1934 Management of their own assets, protection of resources Turn self-government over to tribal basis
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation An independent agency created by Congress in 1933 insures deposits up to $100,000
Civilian Conservation Group Jobs for unmarried men to work on Conservation projects
Wagner/Fair Labor Standards Act
Established minimum wage
How did WWII affect the American economy in the following areas: Women Urbanization Minority employment GI Bill Rationing childcare
Women went to work in factories Urbanization, people moved to cities for work in factories Minority employment, people went to work in factories GI Bill helped returning veterans gain college education & low cost mortgages Rationing helped conserve resources for the war effect Women were forced to rely on family members & friends for childcare. Those who were old enough worked
Why was Fort Campbell created in Kentucky?
A training facility for WWII soldiers Home to 101 st Airborne Now
Sec. of state under FDR from Tennessee Held position longer than anyone
What contribution did Oak Ridge make to WWII?
Provided the Plutonium for the A-Bomb (Manhattan Project)
Production of Nuclear Weapons or the increase of Nuclear Weapons
What impact did espionage have on the Manhattan Project?
Information about the project was leaked to the Soviets. Alger Hiss & the Rosenburgs
Medical Experimentation during the Manhattan Project
Tested the effects off plutonium and radiation on people
Second A-Bomb (Little Boy)
First A-Bomb dropped on Japan (Fat Man)
What contribution did the following TN areas make in WWII: Camp Forest Memphis Manufacturing Firms Chattanooga war production plants Knoxville’s TVA Alcoa Kingsport's Eastman Explosive Plant
Camp Forest- Tullahoma, TN, training camp for WWII Memphis Manufacturing Firms- War production, produced bombs Chattanooga war production plants- produced army ammunition during WWII (TNT) Knoxville’s TVA- Powered Oak Ridge Alcoa- manufactured aluminum for Manhattan Project Kingsport’s Eastman Explosive Plant- Holston Ammunition owned by Eastman Kodak (manufactured explosives)
What differences did the victorious Allied Powers have after WWII?
Philosophical differences about governing (Communism v. Democracy)
What social inequalities existed in America after WWII?
Jim Crow Laws Racial Segregation
Race between Russia & U.S. to explore space Provided more funding in education, especially in Science and Math
How did Hollywood change America in the 1950’s ?
Television transformed the American families’ leisure time and popular culture
How did communication networks improve in the 50’s and 60’s ?
Television FM Frequency Transistor Radio
Medical Advances of 1950’s
Jonas Salk-Polio Vaccine, Penicillin & other antibiotics, heart surgery
Interstate Highway Systems
Construction in the 1950’s Ordered by Eisenhower to provide better, quicker transportation Secretly to move weapons
Identify area associates with U.S. containment policies
Korea Vietnam Cuba East & West Germany
Described Senator Joseph McCarthy’s Anti- Communist smear tactics
Encouraged in the 1950’s Blending in and following main stream society
Opposed the mainstream culture (Hippies)
Widening difference between the values of the younger generation and their parents
Provided more roads needed to accommodate Americans buying more cars Allowed for growth of suburbs
Preoccupation with an inclination toward the buying of consumer goods created boom in business
Plessy v. Ferguson-
Separate but Equal is legal
Brown v. Board of Education-
Ended separate but equal
Miranda v. Arizona-
People arrested have to be informed of their rights
Gideon v. Wainwright-
Provided legal representation by the state for those who can not afford it
Little Rock Central High School-
Gov. Orval Faubus denied admission to 9 students after integration was ordered Eisenhower sent the soldiers to protect the students
Montgomery Bus Boycott-
Sparked by Rosa Parks Conceived by the SCLC eventually led to integration of buses
Freedom Riders Route-
Tested out the integration of buses Encountered heavy violence
Several churches were bombed
Nashville Lunch Counters-
Sit-in protests of the Jim Crow Laws
1961 James Meredith blocked from entering by Gov. (Ross Barnett) Kennedy sent in Federal Marshals after 2 bystanders were killed to restore order
Martin Luther King Jr. & his march on Washington-
“I have a dream” speech to rally support for Civil Rights Bill
Civil Rights Act of 1964-
Lyndon Johnson Banned use of different voter registration cards Banned discrimination in public places Withheld federal money from institutions who discriminate Equal employment
Civil Rights 1968-
Prohibited discrimination in renting or buying of houses
Lyndon Johnson’s plan to aid education (Head Start), Medicare, Medicaid, Conservation, voting rights
Bay of Pigs-
Failed invasion of Cuba by a group of Anti- Castro Forces trained by the CIA and OK’d by JFK
1956 term used by Secretary of State John Dulles to describe the policy of risking war in order to protect national interests
Cuban Missile Crisis-
1962 crisis that arose between U.S.S.R. & U.S. over a Soviet attempt to place nuclear weapons in Cuba
Theory developed during the Cold War that Communist states could peacefully coexist with capitalist states
South Carolina Senator who ran for president against Truman on the Dixiecraft ticket and a segregationist platform
Birmingham, AL police Chief arrested more than 900 protesters including MLK Used fire hoses and dogs
Segregationist Gov. of Alabama who ran for President in 1968 was shot during the campaign and paralyzed
One of the founders of the SNCC Key force in the Civil Rights movement
Wrote Feminine Mystique Leader for Women’s Liberation Movement
Martin Luther King Jr.-
Leader of Civil Rights movement until his assassination
Nation of Islam (Malcolm Little) Civil Rights more militant than MLK Assassinated in 1965
Albert Gore Sr.
Civil Rights TN Senator voted against Civil Rights Reserved position and voted for Opposed Vietnam War
Identify changes in the music industry brought about TN’s influence Grand Ole Opry WSM Nashville Music Publishing Memphis Sun Studio Elvis Presley
Grand Ole Opry- Saturday night radio program (1925-present) Wsm- Country music station (1923-present). It popularized country music Nashville Music Publishing- started shift from New York to Nashville which led to country & western records Memphis Sun Studio- 1950’s recording studio. 1 st single “Rocket 88”. 1 st recorded Elvis Presley. Elvis Presley- the King. Rock & Roll/ Blues No. 1 seller