Presentation on theme: "Civil Rights The political, social, and economic rights of a citizen."— Presentation transcript:
1Civil RightsThe political, social, and economic rights of a citizen.
2WWII and Civil RightsBetter access to good jobs helped set the stage for the civil rights movement
3Little Rock Nine Integrated Central High School Elizabeth Eckford- girl that went on her ownMarked the 1st time a sitting president sent federal troops into the south to enforce the Constitution since Reconstruction.
4Plessy vs. FergusonThe Supreme Court ruling allowing “separate but equal” facilities
5Brown v. Board of Education 80% of southern whites opposed the decision.Many Southern politicians disobeyed the ruling.
6NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. focused on working through the court system.Initiated a series of court cases that chipped away at the “separate but equal” doctrine.
7Thurgood MarshallLawyer for NAACP1st black Supreme Court Justice
8Orval FaubusGovernor of Arkansas during Little Rock Nine integration
9Rosa Parksarrest led to a call for a boycott of the Montgomery bus systemsuccessful in keeping most blacks off the buses
10Bus BoycottResulted in the emergence of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. as the leader of the Montgomery Improvement Association.
11Rolling ChurchesStation wagons used to give protesters rides during the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
12MLK, Jr. First leader of the Montgomery Improvement Association Ordained Baptist ministeradopted many of his philosophies & teachings for the civil rights movement from Gandhi
13Civil Rights demonstrators in the 1950’s utilized boycottsnon-violent sit-inspassive resistance
14BoycottNot buying or using a product or dealing with a certain company in order to exert economic pressure for change.
15Sit-insNonviolent protests against restaurants and lunch counters who refused to serve black customers.
16John F. KennedyChose Lyndon B. Johnson as his running mate because Johnson was a Southern Senator capable of holding the white vote from the south.Along with RFK, helped Martin Luther King after he was arrested for violating his probation.
17Freedom RidersThe purpose in 1961 was to test the Supreme Court decision that ruled that all bus stations and terminals serving interstate travelers should be integrated.
18James MeredithIntegrated the Univ. of Mississippi with the help of federal troops
19Eugene “Bull” ConnorPolice Chief who used fire hoses, dogs, and cattle prods to disperse a crowd marching in Birmingham, Alabama
20After watching television coverage of the brutal tactics used against protestors by the Birmingham police, even opponents of the civil rights movement were appalled by the police violence.
21Voting Rights Act of 1965Provided for the end of literacy tests and other barriers to voting.
221963 March on WashingtonParticipants hoped to convince Congress to pass civil rights legislation.Location of Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech.
23“black power”Impatient with the slow progress of the civil rights movement.African American movement that worked for the economic, political, and social goals of blacks, without the help of whites.
24Malcolm XOutspoken member of the Nation of Islam who advocated black separatism
25Stokely CarmichaelHe became the militant leader of the SNCC
26The Watts RiotsTook place in Los Angeles, California
27The Black PanthersBlack PowerBlack nationalismCommunity development
28Emmet Till From the Chicago visiting South Killed by two white men Not Guilty verdict by an all-white jury
29The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Forbid segregated theaters. Forbid segregated restaurants.Forbid segregated hotels & motelsBanned discrimination in the selling or renting of a home.
30George WallaceGovernor who stood in the doorway at the University of Alabama
31De jure segregationSegregation that is imposed by law.
32de facto segregation By custom, not by law. Example- concentration of urban African Americans in slum areas