Presentation on theme: "EOC Goal Review Civics and Econ. Goal 1. Goal One What was the 1 st representative government in the 13 colonies ? Answer: House of Burgesses What."— Presentation transcript:
EOC Goal Review Civics and Econ. Goal 1
Goal One What was the 1 st representative government in the 13 colonies ? Answer: House of Burgesses What was the Mayflower Compact? Answer: gov’t of the Pilgrims and it provided a direct democracy
Goal One This was a economic system used by England where the British used the American colonies for resources? Answer: Mercantilism To help pay huge war debts of the French and Indian War, what did the English do to the colonies? Answer: place high taxes on them
Goal One What was a major cause of the American Revolution? Answer: taxation without representation Why did the Puritans leave England? Answer: they came to America to worship as they saw fit
Goal One To protest a tea tax what did the colonists do in Boston? Answer: dumped the tea in the Boston Harbor it became known as the Boston Tea Party After the Boston Tea Party, what did the British pass, and what did it cause the colonist to think about? Answer: Intolerable Acts/ caused the colonists to consider independence
Goal One What did Thomas Paine write and what did it call for? Answer: Common Sense/ called for the Americans to declare independence from England
Goal One What were each of the following colonies known for? New England- shipbuilding and factories Middle Colonies- grain and wheat Southern colonies- huge plantations, slavery, cotton, tobacco, and rice What is triangular trade? Answer: trade between the West Indies, the Colonies, and England
Goal One Document written in 1215 limiting the King’s power? Answer: Magna Carta The Second Continental Congress signed this on ? Answer: Declaration of Independence
Goal One This describes the idea that the British had not paid enough attention to the colonies which allowed them to become politically independent? Answer: Salatary Neglect According to the Declaration of Independence what was the purpose of gov’t? Answer: to protect people’s rights
Goal One Where was the 1 st battle of the American Revolution? Answer: Lexington/Concord Ma. What battle was the turning point of the American Revolution? Answer: Saratoga Were did Cornwallis surrender to Washington at? Answer: Yorktown
Goal One What was the 1 st written plan to govern the country? Answer: Articles of Confederation What were the weak points of the AC? Answer: Est. a weak national gov’t, states had more power, the national gov’t could not tax, and no leader or national courts
Goal One Why was the Treaty of Paris important to America? Answer: provided France as an ally Under the AC what did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 do? Answer: provided a method for new states to be admitted to the US
Goal One The uprising known as Shay’s Rebellion was in protest of? Answer: high state taxes that forced farmers into debt As a result of Shay’s Rebellion what did it demonstrate about the national gov’t? Answer: weak national gov’t, and led to another meeting of state reps. In Philadelphia to revise the AC, and the gov’t was to weak to protect the people
Goal One What was a major issue at the Constitution Convention? Answer: representation of states in the national gov’t Large states favored the Virginia Plan why? Answer: based on Population Smaller populated states favored the New Jersey Plan why? Answer: equal representation to all states
Goal One What was the Great Compromise? Answer: called for two houses House of Reps. Based on population and the Senate based on two reps. From each state (equal) What was the 3/5 Compromise? Answer: decided how slaves would be counted as population
Goal One What had to happen to make the Constitution official? Answer: passed or ratified by ¾ of the states Who were the Federalist and what did they support? Answer: supported passing the Constitution, wrote a series of articles called the Federalist Papers which helped to explain the changes to the Constitution, their leaders were Madison and Hamilton
Goal One Who were the Anti-federalists and what did they believe? Answer: they believed that the Constitution had sacrificed too many states rights in favor of National Gov’t. They also said the Constitution needed a Bill of Rights, leaders were Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams
Goal One Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, who inspired him? Answer: English philosopher John Locke
EOC Goal Review Goal 2 (Constitution)
Goal 2 What part of the Constitution explains the goals of our gov’t? Answer: The Preamble What divides the national gov’t into 3 branches? Answer: Separation of powers
Goal 2 What are the three branches of gov’t? Answer: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial This is a system of gov’t where the power is divided between the national gov’t and the state gov’t? Answer: Federalism
Goal 2 In the Federalist system the nation gov’t law is supreme, what is this called? Answer: The Supremacy Clause Who heads the Legislative Branch, and what is it’s main job? Answer: Congress/ makes the laws
Goal 2 Who heads the Executive Branch and what is it’s main job? Answer: The President/ enforce or carry out the laws Who heads up the Judicial Branch and what is it’s main job? Answer: The Supreme Court/ interprets the law
Goal 2 What is the system that each branch uses to check the power of another branch? Answer: Checks and Balances What are the 1 st 10 Amendments to the Constitution called? Answer: The Bill of Rights
Goal 2 What do our Bill of Rights contain? Answer: Civil liberties Powers of Congress listed in the Constitution are called? Answer: Enumerated Powers (declare war, coin money, regulate trade, and est. a military)
Goal 2 What gives Congress wide use of implied power (powers not found in the Constitution)? Answer: Necessary and Proper Clause Powers that all level of gov’t may use are called? Answer: Concurrent Powers
Goal 2 What powers belong to the states? Answer: Reserved Powers What Constitutional Amendment gives states reserved powers? Answer: 10 th Amendment
Goal 2 Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition are rights granted by what amendment? Answer: 1 st Amendment What amendment protects you from unlawful searches and seizures? Answer: 4 th Amendment
Goal 2 This provides for no self incrimination or testifying against oneself in a court of law Answer: 5 th Amendment This provides a lawyer for people who can’t afford one Answer: 6 th Amendment This gives citizens equal protection and due process Answer: 14 th Amendment
Goal 2 What is a bill of attainder Answer: Congress can make no law that takes away citizens right to a trial What are the Amendments that affect voting Answer: 15 th -former male slaves, 19 th women’s suffrage, 24th no poll tax to vote, and 26 th gave 18 years olds the right to vote
Goal 2 This Indian Nation gov’t is similar to the US because it has a central gov’t Answer: Iriquois Indian Nation According to the Constitution no person can be put on trial twice for the same offense. What is this called Answer: double jeopardy A restaurant refusing to serve minorities is a violation of what amendment Answer: 14 th Amendment
Goal 2 What was the original purpose of the 14 th Amendment Answer: gave former slaves citizenship and equality within the law What is the two step process needed to add an amendment Answer: 2/3 vote in Congress then being passed by ¾ of the states What two Amendments deal with presidential proceedings Answer: 22 nd Amendment limits the president to two terms and the 25 th est. presidential succession
Goal 2 What is the only Amendment ever repealed Answer: 18 th Amendment (Prohibition of Alcohol) What Amendment called for its appeal Answer: 21 st Amendment
Goal 2 Branches of Government
Goal 2 Members of Congress serve _____________ terms? Answer: Unlimited terms A term for a member of the House of Reps. Is Answer: two years A term for a Senator is Answer: six years The House of Reps. Is based on Answer: Population for each state (or every 10 years by the Census) In the Senate it is based on Answer: Equality (2 per each state)
Goal 2 What is Reapportionment? Answer: it the redrawing of the House of Reps. Based on the Census to see if states lose or gain reps. What are special powers of the House of Reps.? Answer: If the electoral college can support a winner for the House of Reps. Pick, tax, appropriation, or bills of revenue must start here, and the HR starts impeachment charges against federal officials
Goal 2 What are the special powers of the Senate? Answer: approve all treaties, confirm presidential appointees, and impeachment trial are held in the senate A bill is a proposed law. Who can propose one? Answer: any member of Congress
Goal 2 What happens when a bill differs in the HR and Senate? Answer: a conference committee must work out a compromise in the bill What is a filibuster? Answer: a long speech in the senate to delay action on a bill How do you end a filibuster? Answer: calling for a cloture vote (3/5 of the senators must vote to end the filibuster)
Goal 2 How are members of Congress punished for violations? Answer: Censure- warning in front of other members and expulsion- kicked out by 2/3 vote What are the qualifications for Senator Answer: 30 years of age, live in the US for 9 years, and live in the state where elected Congress has the power to est. what kind of courts? Answer: special courts called inferior courts
Goal 2 What is the Franking Privilege? Answer: it is the free mail service for members of Congress Who is the commander in chief of the military? Answer: the president The president serves a _________ and may serve only ___________ Answer: four year term/ two terms
Goal 2 What are the qualification for president? Answer: 35 years of age, a citizen at birth, and lived in the US for 14 years. Who assists the president in his executive duties? Answer: his cabinet which are a group of advisors of each executive department. What is the only duty listed for the vice- president in the Constitution? Answer: leader of the senate (can only vote if there is a tie.)
Goal 2 Who appoints federal judges? Answer: President appoints and the Senate confirms What are other roles of the president? Answer: chief diplomat, chief of state, chief executive, and party leader. What is an example of a executive agency that helps the president carry out the law? Answer: FBI
Goal 2 What are the three levels of federal courts? Answer: District, US Court of Appeals, and US Supreme Court How many justices sit on the US Supreme Court, and who heads it? Answer: nine/ Chief Justice What is the rule of four? Answer: only 4 justices are needed to decide whether or not to hear a case
Goal 2 What is a dissenting opinion by the Supreme Court? Answer: Judges that disagree with court ruling and it could provide fuel for future arguments on other cases. What type of cases do federal courts have jurisdiction? Answer: bank robbery and espionage (spying) What are the qualifications to be a senator? Answer: must be 30yoa, live in the US for 9 yrs., live in the state where he is elected.
Civics and Econ. EOC Review Goals 3&4
The NC Constitution is organized like what other constitution? Answer: The US Constitution In NC the Legislature is called the _________, and is made up of the ___________ and the _________. Answer: General Assembly, House of Reps., & Senate In NC who is the head of the executive branch? Answer: The Governor
Goals 3&4 In NC there are four levels of court what are they and what do they do? Answer: District-handles misdemeanors, Superior- handles felonies, NC Courts of Appeals, & NC Supreme Court What was NC Supreme Court Case (Leandro v. NC) about? Answer: all children must be given an equal access to education in every county in NC. What is the largest expenditure at the state and local levels? Answer: Education
Goals 3&4 What is the main source of revenue at the state level? Answer: income tax & sales tax What is the main source of revenue at the local level? Answer: Property Tax Where are zoning laws enforced & what do they do? Answer: They are enforced at the local level They protect property owners, tell how land is to be used, & control growth in a community.
Goals 3&4 What is Annexation? Answer: when a city wants to grow they can annex or take in land from the county What is Eminent Domain? Answer: The right of local and state gov’ts to condemn private property for public use. In NC what did giving the power of veto to the governor do? Answer: strengthen the power of the executive branch.
Goals 3&4 What are local ordinances and who passes them? Answer: they cover laws on the local levels, and are passed by city councils, and boards of county commissioners. Who is in-charge of the county law enforcement, courthouse, & jail? Answer: Sheriff The NC Constitution contains a declaration of rights which can be compared to? Answer: The Bill of Rights
Goals 3&4 A proof of ownership to a car in NC is? Answer: Possessing a title to the car As a result of longer sessions in NC General Assembly, what has this done for the average citizen? Answer: made it harder for them to serve on the legislator because they are only paid a part-time wage.
Civics & Econ. EOC Review Goal 4
What are the two main parties in the US two party system? Answer: Democrats and Republicans The main purpose of a political party is? Answer: get their candidate elected to office What is a grassroots movement? Answer: a political movement that starts at the local level.
Goal 4 What is mudslinging? Answer: political term used to describe harmful insults that are directed at a candidate running for office. What is a party’s platform? Answer: it tells what the party stand for on the issues or plank. What term is used to describe letting the people rule? Answer: Popular Sovereignty (we do this by voting)
Goal 4 What is the purpose of the primary election? Answer: to pick a candidate to run in the final election. What type of votes elect the president? Answer: electoral votes How do we determine how many each states gets? Answer: # of senators + # of Reps. in congress.
Goal 4 What is the winner take all system in elections for president? Answer: each citizen cast a popular vote which ever candidate wins the popular vote wins all the electoral votes for that state. There are 538 electoral votes, how many does a candidate need to be elected president? Answer: 270 votes What happens if neither candidate receives 270 electoral votes? Answer: the HR selects the president.
Goal 4 What is meant by a split ticket? Answer: the voter has voted for candidates from both parties. What is a referendum? Answer: voters can vote to approve laws at election time. What is a recall election? Answer: voters can vote to remove a elected official from office.
Goal 4 What is a watch dog group? Answer: they expose wrong or unethical doing of elected officials in office. What is canvassing? Answer: candidates and helpers can go door to door searching for votes. What is one way the private sector can have an effect on public safety? Answer: neighborhood watch programs.
Goal 4 What is a way a citizen can express concerns on government’s handling of public issues is __________________ Answer: contact a member of Congress What is an advantage that interest groups and PAC’s have over individual citizens Answer; politicians will listen to them more because there is strength in number. _________ is unfairly drawing up of an election district with a preconceived result in mind. Answer: Gerrymandering
Goal 4 A ________ can be described as a strong party organization that helps to use its influence to get party members elected. Answer: Political Machine ________ can not pay for a representative’s living expenses. Answer: lobbyists _______ may attend a hearing at the local level to either contest or support a zoning request. Answer: citizens
Goal 4 One advantage of living in a democracy is that ______________________________ Answer: a citizen has the right to express their concerns and opinions without fear of retaliation from the government.
EOC Review Civics and Econ. Goal 5
The act of ________ is needed in gov’t to make it work successfully. Answer: compromising, many bills would not have passed without this process. What are the four types of negotiation methods that can peacefully settle a conflict? Answer: debate, consensus, arbitration, and mediation A public hearing is an example of a ______ Answer: debate
Goal 5 A ______ is an agreement that may come as a result of the debate at a public hearing. Answer: Consensus ( this is a resolution that would end the conflict). ________ is the method of a third party listening to both sides and then hands down a decision to settle the dispute. Answer: Arbitration _______ is the method of both sides together coming to a agreement that will solve the issue. Answer: Mediation
Goal 5 A _______ would be an example of a person charged with a crime opts to plead guilty for a lesser punishment. Answer: Plea Bargain When a resolution can not be reached this leads to a ______. Answer: Conflict (war between nations, a domestic dispute, or a prison sentence).
EOC Review Civics & Econ. Goal 6
What are the two types of law? Answer: Criminal law and Civil Law Our system of criminal law is modeled after _________. Answer: English system of common law In Common Law, the judges tries to make the punishment fit the crime by using a _______ or a decision in an earlier court case. Answer: precedent
Goal 6 In a civil case the ______ brings the charges against the other party, and must prove damages in order to receive a settlement. Answer: plaintiff All citizens have the right to a trial by jury according to the ________ Answer: 6 th and 7 th Amendments. ________ is when the government must follow certain procedures in the process of arrest and trial. Answer: Due Process
Goal 6 Due Process is guaranteed in the ______. Answer: 14 th Amendment ______ means that a person must be told of the charges of the arrest, and must be charges within 48 hours of their custody. Answer: Habeas Corpus _______ means that everyone has the right to a trail by jury. Answer: Bill of Attainder.
Goal 6 ______ means that no law can be retroactive or made after the fact that someone did something wrong. Answer: Ex Post Facto The _______ allows no self incrimination. Answer: 5 th Amendment The ________ allows no cruel or unusual punishment. Answer: 8 th Amendment.
Goal 6 _______ is the death penalty. Answer: Capital Punishment At the ______ a plea is entered, a trial date is set, and the amount of the bail is decided. Answer: arraignment ______ is money posted to assure appearance in court. Answer: Bail
Goal 6 ______ is an early release from prison. Answer: Parole. _______ provides protection from unreasonable searches and seizures. Answer: 4 th Amendment A _______ is a pre-trial jury that examines the evidence to see whether an indictment is needed. Answer: Grand Jury.
Goal 6 Examples of enforcement agencies are? Answer: FBI & State Police When a jury can not reach a verdict it is called? Answer: A Hung Jury and a mistrial is declared. What is the rule of justice is American Courtrooms? Answer: guilty must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt and the defendant is innocent until proven guilty.
Goal 6 A disturbance at a urban night club would be handled by? Answer: Local Police. Divorce is an example of? Answer: Civil Case another ex. would be a customer slips on a wet floor in a business and no wet floor warning signs posted. Who has the burden of proof in a criminal case? Answer: The prosecution or the government’s lawyer.
Goal 6 The __________ proposed a system of civil law for the city of Rome. Answer: Emperor Justinian (Justin tine Code) _______ is needed to secure a search warrant. Answer: Probable Cause. _______ is the right to a speedy trial. Answer: Due Process
Goal 6 ______ when lawyers cross examine witnesses to test their reliability. Answer: Adversarial System. To ______ means to arrange laws systematically. Answer: Codify Laws.
Civics & Econ. EOC Review Goal 7
What are the four factors of production? Answer: Land, Labor, Capital,& Entrepreneurship. An _____ takes risk in money, time, and planning to start a business. Answer: Entrepreneur. ___ is the natural resource or materials that products are made from. Answer: Land (most natural resources are scarce in supply)
Goal 7 _____ is the tools and machines used in making products. Answer: Capital ( Automation and Technology helps this factor). ____ is the worker. Answer: Labor (workers need specialized training to increase productivity). ____ is the basic economic problem. Answer: Scarcity ( the more scarce resources are the higher the cost).
Goal 7 ______ is what you give up when you make an economic choice. Answer: Opportunity Cost To increase productivity entrepreneurs use______. Answer: Division of Labor and Specialization (workers trained at specific tasks make them experts and speed up productivity). What are the four economic system in the world today? Answer: Traditional- economic decisions are based on customs and is used in less primitive societies. Command System- the gov’t makes all the decisions. Free Market System- decisions are made by the interaction between buyer and seller. Mixed Economic System- the gov’t owns major industries (nationalization) for the good of the people and producers.
Goal 7 Example of a ____ would be the state increasing spending on more prisons and not increasing money for health care. Answer: Trade off A direct positive influence on productivity would be the use of _______. Answer: New Technology. Sewing Machines owned by business is an example of a _______. Answer: Capital Good.
Goal 7 If a product become scare in supply what happens to the price? Answer: the price will increase on that product. Investment in human capital (workers) will ______ Answer: improve Productivity (job training). _______ will cause a decrease in demand for human capital. Answer: Robotics.
Civics and Econ. EOC Goal 8 Review
____ is type of economic system used in the US. Answer: Capitalism or Free Market System. Capitalism was developed by _____. Answer: Adam Smith. According to Smith what are the key factors to capitalism? Answer; Laissez faire (no government control of business), Self interest (search for profit), Free enterprise (right to start your own business), & Competition (controls prices and private ownership of property).
EOC Goal 8 Review Why does the US government regulates business, why? Answer: for the safety of the workers and consumers. Capitalism is controlled by the free market forces of ______. Answer: Supply and Demand (surpluses lead to lower prices and shortages lead to higher prices). The _____ states that added more of any one of the factors of production will not always lead to more productivity. Answer: Law of Diminishing Return.
EOC Goal 8 Review ____ happens when prices rise faster than your income. Answer: Inflation A ___ is a business owned by one person. Answer: Sole Proprietorship ___ is a business that is owned by two or more people. Answer: Partnership.
EOC Goal 8 Review ____ is a business that is owned by stockholders. Answer: Corporation. ___ is when workers and management work out agreements on working conditions and pay. (workers can strike if the company does not met their demands). Answer: Collective Bargaining. If a country can produce goods that no other country can produce it is said that country has a ___. Answer: Comparative advantage.
EOC Goal 8 Review ___ are allowed to operate under strict government guidelines. Answer: Public Monopolies. The major advantage of a corporation is that ____ have limited liability. Answer: Stockholders.
EOC Goal 8 Review In a capitalistic economic system prices are set by the interaction between ___ in a market place. Answer: buyers and sellers. A decrease in demand or consumer spending will cause what to fall for businesses? Answer: profits.
Civics and Econ. EOC Review Goal 9
The cost of buying on credit is called? Answer: interest. The ___ protects bank investments up to 100 thousand dollars. Answer: FDIC ___ occurs when the gov’t opens up an industry to competition to all businesses. Answer: deregulation.
EOC Review Goal 9 Who regulates interest rates that banks charge? Answer: Federal Reserve (if the Fed. Raises rates then less money is available for consumers. If the Fed. Lowers rates consumers will borrow more money- cheaper rate). ____ refers to the paper and coin money our country uses. Answer: Legal Tender What are ways individuals can invest their money to make a profit? Answer: Stocks, Mutual Funds, IRA’s (individual retirement accounts, & CD’s (Certificate of Deposits).
EOC Review Goal 9 The ___ is the total amount of all goods and services produced in the US in a year. Answer: GDP (Gross Domestic Product) What are other ways we measure our economy? Answer: Unempolyment Rate, CPI (consumer price index), & Stock Market (Dow-Jones). The Business Cycle helps to explain how our economy is performing. What are the four phases of the Business Cycle? Answer: expansion, peak, contraction, & Recession (trough).
EOC Review Goal 9 ___ is used by some US Companies where they send jobs to be done in other countries. (causes loss of American jobs because jobs can be done for cheaper labor). Answer: Out-sourcing ___ was a trade agreement signed by the US, Latin American Countries, & Canada Answer: NAFTA (sent many jobs and factories to these countries in exchange for cheaper products). The US has a unfavorable balance of trade with China and Japan. What does this mean? Answer: Import more than we export.
EOC Review Goal 9 The President is responsible for submitting a budget to Congress. Who writes the budget? Answer: OMB (Office of Management and Budget) then it is submitted to Congress. What are the largest expenditures for our national gov’t? Answer: Defense and Social Welfare Programs. What is a major source of revenue for our national gov’t ? Answer: Federal Income Taxes.
EOC Review Goal 9 A ___ hurts low income earners the most because it taxes people at the same rate of tax. Answer: regressive tax (ex. Sales tax) A ___ tax is based on the ability to pay. The rate is based on what you earn. Answer: progressive tax (income tax) A special tax on alcohol and gasoline is called ___. Answer: excise tax
EOC Review Goal 9 In a ___ economy, the gov’t often est. price controls. Answer: command The effect of ____ would cause a decrease in consumer spending. Answer: high unemployment Personal checks, debit cards, and currency are all equal to ___ Answer: money (credit cards are not)
EOC Review Goal 9 ___ can give incentives such as tax breaks to lure new businesses into our community. Answer: Local governments A ___ may cause the government to reduce taxes to encourage more consumer spending. Answer: Recession A business owner would consider the following elements before he would ___ his business: increase in population, increase in income levels, and how many similar businesses are in the area. Answer: expand
EOC Review Goal 9 ___ on foreign products help to make US products more competitive in price. Answer: Protective Tariff A ___ means that two businesses have join together to operate as one. Answer: merger During times of ___, the most negative action the gov’t can take is to increase interest rates. Answer: Inflation
EOC Review Goal 9 The US dollar is often used around the world because it is a ___. Answer: Stable Currency The ___ describes the interdependence between factories, workers earning an income, and then workers spending that income on goods produced by factories. Answer: Circular flow of goods The federal Reserve can help fight inflation by ___. Answer: lowering interest rates
Civics & Econ. EOC Review Goal 10
___ is a phrase printed on our money. It means out of many one. A violation of this concept would be laws that favored segregation. Answer: E Pluribus Unum Most Americans are ___ at birth because their parents already are. Answer: Citizens Aliens may gain citizenship thru a process called ___ Answer: Naturalization
EOC Review Goal 10 What duties are required by all citizens? Answer: obey the law, pay taxes, defend the nation, serve on a jury, and attend school The most important civic responsibility is ___. Answer: voting ___ is a government program that is designed to help give minorities and women equal opportunities in the job market. Answer: Affirmative Action
EOC Review Goal 10 The key to the Civil Rights Movement in the US was the use of ___. Answer: non-violent protest Volunteering to help in the community helps to ___. Answer: Save Money (ex. Adopt a highway) An ___ is a court order to stop an action from taking place. Answer: Injunction
Civics & Econ. EOC Review Important Supreme Court Cases
______ est. judicial review Answer: Marbury v. Madison ______ est. the national supremacy of federal law over state law. Answer: McCullough v. Maryland ______ juveniles have due process rights under Juvenile Law. Answer: In Re Gault
Important Supreme Court Cases _____ Legalized segregation (separate but equal). Answer: Plessy v. Ferguson _____ students can wear black arm bands as symbolic expression of speech. Answer: Tinker v. Des Moines ____ limited free speech in time of war. Answer: Schenck v. US
Important Supreme Court Cases _____ religious groups have the right to home school children. Answer: Wisconsin v. Yoder _____ relocated Japanese- American citizens to interment camps during WWII. Answer: Korematsu v. US ____ school officials have the right to censor the school newspaper. Answer: Hazelwood School District v. Kulhmeier
Important Supreme Court Cases ____ ended gov’t sponsored segregation. Started intergration. Answer: Brown v. Board of Ed. ____ moment of silence for prayer was ruled unconstitutional in schools. Answer: Wallace v. Jaffree ____ school officials may search without a search warrant. Answer: New Jersey v. TLO
Important Supreme Court Cases _____ police must have a search warrant to search. Answer: Mapp v. Ohio ____ limited affirmative action programs. Answer: University of Calif. V. Bakke _____ ruled that mandatory Bible reading is unconstitutional. Answer: Abbington School District v. Schempp
Important Supreme Court Cases _____ President must turn over White House tapes to Watergate investigators. Answer: US v. Nixon _____ provided a court appointed lawyer for poor people. Answer: Gideon v. Wainwright _____ made abortion legal in the US Answer: Roe v. Wade _____ suspect must be informed of rights at time of arrest (questioning). Answer: Miranda v. Arizona