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EOC Goal Review Civics and Econ. Goal 1. Goal One  What was the 1 st representative government in the 13 colonies ?  Answer: House of Burgesses  What.

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Presentation on theme: "EOC Goal Review Civics and Econ. Goal 1. Goal One  What was the 1 st representative government in the 13 colonies ?  Answer: House of Burgesses  What."— Presentation transcript:

1 EOC Goal Review Civics and Econ. Goal 1

2 Goal One  What was the 1 st representative government in the 13 colonies ?  Answer: House of Burgesses  What was the Mayflower Compact?  Answer: gov’t of the Pilgrims and it provided a direct democracy

3 Goal One  This was a economic system used by England where the British used the American colonies for resources?  Answer: Mercantilism  To help pay huge war debts of the French and Indian War, what did the English do to the colonies?  Answer: place high taxes on them

4 Goal One  What was a major cause of the American Revolution?  Answer: taxation without representation  Why did the Puritans leave England?  Answer: they came to America to worship as they saw fit

5 Goal One  To protest a tea tax what did the colonists do in Boston?  Answer: dumped the tea in the Boston Harbor it became known as the Boston Tea Party  After the Boston Tea Party, what did the British pass, and what did it cause the colonist to think about?  Answer: Intolerable Acts/ caused the colonists to consider independence

6 Goal One  What did Thomas Paine write and what did it call for?  Answer: Common Sense/ called for the Americans to declare independence from England

7 Goal One  What were each of the following colonies known for?  New England- shipbuilding and factories  Middle Colonies- grain and wheat  Southern colonies- huge plantations, slavery, cotton, tobacco, and rice  What is triangular trade?  Answer: trade between the West Indies, the Colonies, and England

8 Goal One  Document written in 1215 limiting the King’s power?  Answer: Magna Carta  The Second Continental Congress signed this on ?  Answer: Declaration of Independence

9 Goal One  This describes the idea that the British had not paid enough attention to the colonies which allowed them to become politically independent?  Answer: Salatary Neglect  According to the Declaration of Independence what was the purpose of gov’t?  Answer: to protect people’s rights

10 Goal One  Where was the 1 st battle of the American Revolution?  Answer: Lexington/Concord Ma.  What battle was the turning point of the American Revolution?  Answer: Saratoga  Were did Cornwallis surrender to Washington at?  Answer: Yorktown

11 Goal One  What was the 1 st written plan to govern the country?  Answer: Articles of Confederation  What were the weak points of the AC?  Answer: Est. a weak national gov’t, states had more power, the national gov’t could not tax, and no leader or national courts

12 Goal One  Why was the Treaty of Paris important to America?  Answer: provided France as an ally  Under the AC what did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 do?  Answer: provided a method for new states to be admitted to the US

13 Goal One  The uprising known as Shay’s Rebellion was in protest of?  Answer: high state taxes that forced farmers into debt  As a result of Shay’s Rebellion what did it demonstrate about the national gov’t?  Answer: weak national gov’t, and led to another meeting of state reps. In Philadelphia to revise the AC, and the gov’t was to weak to protect the people

14 Goal One  What was a major issue at the Constitution Convention?  Answer: representation of states in the national gov’t  Large states favored the Virginia Plan why?  Answer: based on Population  Smaller populated states favored the New Jersey Plan why?  Answer: equal representation to all states

15 Goal One  What was the Great Compromise?  Answer: called for two houses House of Reps. Based on population and the Senate based on two reps. From each state (equal)  What was the 3/5 Compromise?  Answer: decided how slaves would be counted as population

16 Goal One  What had to happen to make the Constitution official?  Answer: passed or ratified by ¾ of the states  Who were the Federalist and what did they support?  Answer: supported passing the Constitution, wrote a series of articles called the Federalist Papers which helped to explain the changes to the Constitution, their leaders were Madison and Hamilton

17 Goal One  Who were the Anti-federalists and what did they believe?  Answer: they believed that the Constitution had sacrificed too many states rights in favor of National Gov’t. They also said the Constitution needed a Bill of Rights, leaders were Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams

18 Goal One  Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, who inspired him?  Answer: English philosopher John Locke

19 EOC Goal Review Goal 2 (Constitution)

20 Goal 2  What part of the Constitution explains the goals of our gov’t?  Answer: The Preamble  What divides the national gov’t into 3 branches?  Answer: Separation of powers

21 Goal 2  What are the three branches of gov’t?  Answer: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial  This is a system of gov’t where the power is divided between the national gov’t and the state gov’t?  Answer: Federalism

22 Goal 2  In the Federalist system the nation gov’t law is supreme, what is this called?  Answer: The Supremacy Clause  Who heads the Legislative Branch, and what is it’s main job?  Answer: Congress/ makes the laws

23 Goal 2  Who heads the Executive Branch and what is it’s main job?  Answer: The President/ enforce or carry out the laws  Who heads up the Judicial Branch and what is it’s main job?  Answer: The Supreme Court/ interprets the law

24 Goal 2  What is the system that each branch uses to check the power of another branch?  Answer: Checks and Balances  What are the 1 st 10 Amendments to the Constitution called?  Answer: The Bill of Rights

25 Goal 2  What do our Bill of Rights contain?  Answer: Civil liberties  Powers of Congress listed in the Constitution are called?  Answer: Enumerated Powers (declare war, coin money, regulate trade, and est. a military)

26 Goal 2  What gives Congress wide use of implied power (powers not found in the Constitution)?  Answer: Necessary and Proper Clause  Powers that all level of gov’t may use are called?  Answer: Concurrent Powers

27 Goal 2  What powers belong to the states?  Answer: Reserved Powers  What Constitutional Amendment gives states reserved powers?  Answer: 10 th Amendment

28 Goal 2  Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition are rights granted by what amendment?  Answer: 1 st Amendment  What amendment protects you from unlawful searches and seizures?  Answer: 4 th Amendment

29 Goal 2  This provides for no self incrimination or testifying against oneself in a court of law  Answer: 5 th Amendment  This provides a lawyer for people who can’t afford one  Answer: 6 th Amendment  This gives citizens equal protection and due process  Answer: 14 th Amendment

30 Goal 2  What is a bill of attainder  Answer: Congress can make no law that takes away citizens right to a trial  What are the Amendments that affect voting  Answer: 15 th -former male slaves, 19 th women’s suffrage, 24th no poll tax to vote, and 26 th gave 18 years olds the right to vote

31 Goal 2  This Indian Nation gov’t is similar to the US because it has a central gov’t  Answer: Iriquois Indian Nation  According to the Constitution no person can be put on trial twice for the same offense. What is this called  Answer: double jeopardy  A restaurant refusing to serve minorities is a violation of what amendment  Answer: 14 th Amendment

32 Goal 2  What was the original purpose of the 14 th Amendment  Answer: gave former slaves citizenship and equality within the law  What is the two step process needed to add an amendment  Answer: 2/3 vote in Congress then being passed by ¾ of the states  What two Amendments deal with presidential proceedings  Answer: 22 nd Amendment limits the president to two terms and the 25 th est. presidential succession

33 Goal 2  What is the only Amendment ever repealed  Answer: 18 th Amendment (Prohibition of Alcohol)  What Amendment called for its appeal  Answer: 21 st Amendment

34 Goal 2 Branches of Government

35 Goal 2  Members of Congress serve _____________ terms?  Answer: Unlimited terms  A term for a member of the House of Reps. Is  Answer: two years  A term for a Senator is  Answer: six years  The House of Reps. Is based on  Answer: Population for each state (or every 10 years by the Census)  In the Senate it is based on  Answer: Equality (2 per each state)

36 Goal 2  What is Reapportionment?  Answer: it the redrawing of the House of Reps. Based on the Census to see if states lose or gain reps.  What are special powers of the House of Reps.?  Answer: If the electoral college can support a winner for the House of Reps. Pick, tax, appropriation, or bills of revenue must start here, and the HR starts impeachment charges against federal officials

37 Goal 2  What are the special powers of the Senate?  Answer: approve all treaties, confirm presidential appointees, and impeachment trial are held in the senate  A bill is a proposed law. Who can propose one?  Answer: any member of Congress

38 Goal 2  What happens when a bill differs in the HR and Senate?  Answer: a conference committee must work out a compromise in the bill  What is a filibuster?  Answer: a long speech in the senate to delay action on a bill  How do you end a filibuster?  Answer: calling for a cloture vote (3/5 of the senators must vote to end the filibuster)

39 Goal 2  How are members of Congress punished for violations?  Answer: Censure- warning in front of other members and expulsion- kicked out by 2/3 vote  What are the qualifications for Senator  Answer: 30 years of age, live in the US for 9 years, and live in the state where elected  Congress has the power to est. what kind of courts?  Answer: special courts called inferior courts

40 Goal 2  What is the Franking Privilege?  Answer: it is the free mail service for members of Congress  Who is the commander in chief of the military?  Answer: the president  The president serves a _________ and may serve only ___________  Answer: four year term/ two terms

41 Goal 2  What are the qualification for president?  Answer: 35 years of age, a citizen at birth, and lived in the US for 14 years.  Who assists the president in his executive duties?  Answer: his cabinet which are a group of advisors of each executive department.  What is the only duty listed for the vice- president in the Constitution?  Answer: leader of the senate (can only vote if there is a tie.)

42 Goal 2  Who appoints federal judges?  Answer: President appoints and the Senate confirms  What are other roles of the president?  Answer: chief diplomat, chief of state, chief executive, and party leader.  What is an example of a executive agency that helps the president carry out the law?  Answer: FBI

43 Goal 2  What are the three levels of federal courts?  Answer: District, US Court of Appeals, and US Supreme Court  How many justices sit on the US Supreme Court, and who heads it?  Answer: nine/ Chief Justice  What is the rule of four?  Answer: only 4 justices are needed to decide whether or not to hear a case

44 Goal 2  What is a dissenting opinion by the Supreme Court?  Answer: Judges that disagree with court ruling and it could provide fuel for future arguments on other cases.  What type of cases do federal courts have jurisdiction?  Answer: bank robbery and espionage (spying)  What are the qualifications to be a senator?  Answer: must be 30yoa, live in the US for 9 yrs., live in the state where he is elected.

45 Civics and Econ. EOC Review Goals 3&4

46  The NC Constitution is organized like what other constitution?  Answer: The US Constitution  In NC the Legislature is called the _________, and is made up of the ___________ and the _________.  Answer: General Assembly, House of Reps., & Senate  In NC who is the head of the executive branch?  Answer: The Governor

47 Goals 3&4  In NC there are four levels of court what are they and what do they do?  Answer: District-handles misdemeanors, Superior- handles felonies, NC Courts of Appeals, & NC Supreme Court  What was NC Supreme Court Case (Leandro v. NC) about?  Answer: all children must be given an equal access to education in every county in NC.  What is the largest expenditure at the state and local levels?  Answer: Education

48 Goals 3&4  What is the main source of revenue at the state level?  Answer: income tax & sales tax  What is the main source of revenue at the local level?  Answer: Property Tax  Where are zoning laws enforced & what do they do?  Answer: They are enforced at the local level  They protect property owners, tell how land is to be used, & control growth in a community.

49 Goals 3&4  What is Annexation?  Answer: when a city wants to grow they can annex or take in land from the county  What is Eminent Domain?  Answer: The right of local and state gov’ts to condemn private property for public use.  In NC what did giving the power of veto to the governor do?  Answer: strengthen the power of the executive branch. 

50 Goals 3&4  What are local ordinances and who passes them?  Answer: they cover laws on the local levels, and are passed by city councils, and boards of county commissioners.  Who is in-charge of the county law enforcement, courthouse, & jail?  Answer: Sheriff  The NC Constitution contains a declaration of rights which can be compared to?  Answer: The Bill of Rights

51 Goals 3&4  A proof of ownership to a car in NC is?  Answer: Possessing a title to the car  As a result of longer sessions in NC General Assembly, what has this done for the average citizen?  Answer: made it harder for them to serve on the legislator because they are only paid a part-time wage.

52 Civics & Econ. EOC Review Goal 4

53  What are the two main parties in the US two party system?  Answer: Democrats and Republicans  The main purpose of a political party is?  Answer: get their candidate elected to office  What is a grassroots movement?  Answer: a political movement that starts at the local level.

54 Goal 4  What is mudslinging?  Answer: political term used to describe harmful insults that are directed at a candidate running for office.  What is a party’s platform?  Answer: it tells what the party stand for on the issues or plank.  What term is used to describe letting the people rule?  Answer: Popular Sovereignty (we do this by voting)

55 Goal 4  What is the purpose of the primary election?  Answer: to pick a candidate to run in the final election.  What type of votes elect the president?  Answer: electoral votes  How do we determine how many each states gets?  Answer: # of senators + # of Reps. in congress.

56 Goal 4  What is the winner take all system in elections for president?  Answer: each citizen cast a popular vote which ever candidate wins the popular vote wins all the electoral votes for that state.  There are 538 electoral votes, how many does a candidate need to be elected president?  Answer: 270 votes  What happens if neither candidate receives 270 electoral votes?  Answer: the HR selects the president.

57 Goal 4  What is meant by a split ticket?  Answer: the voter has voted for candidates from both parties.  What is a referendum?  Answer: voters can vote to approve laws at election time.  What is a recall election?  Answer: voters can vote to remove a elected official from office.

58 Goal 4  What is a watch dog group?  Answer: they expose wrong or unethical doing of elected officials in office.  What is canvassing?  Answer: candidates and helpers can go door to door searching for votes.  What is one way the private sector can have an effect on public safety?  Answer: neighborhood watch programs.

59 Goal 4  What is a way a citizen can express concerns on government’s handling of public issues is __________________  Answer: contact a member of Congress  What is an advantage that interest groups and PAC’s have over individual citizens  Answer; politicians will listen to them more because there is strength in number.  _________ is unfairly drawing up of an election district with a preconceived result in mind.  Answer: Gerrymandering

60 Goal 4  A ________ can be described as a strong party organization that helps to use its influence to get party members elected.  Answer: Political Machine  ________ can not pay for a representative’s living expenses.  Answer: lobbyists  _______ may attend a hearing at the local level to either contest or support a zoning request.  Answer: citizens

61 Goal 4  One advantage of living in a democracy is that ______________________________  Answer: a citizen has the right to express their concerns and opinions without fear of retaliation from the government.

62 EOC Review Civics and Econ. Goal 5

63  The act of ________ is needed in gov’t to make it work successfully.  Answer: compromising, many bills would not have passed without this process.  What are the four types of negotiation methods that can peacefully settle a conflict?  Answer: debate, consensus, arbitration, and mediation  A public hearing is an example of a ______  Answer: debate

64 Goal 5  A ______ is an agreement that may come as a result of the debate at a public hearing.  Answer: Consensus ( this is a resolution that would end the conflict).  ________ is the method of a third party listening to both sides and then hands down a decision to settle the dispute.  Answer: Arbitration  _______ is the method of both sides together coming to a agreement that will solve the issue.  Answer: Mediation

65 Goal 5  A _______ would be an example of a person charged with a crime opts to plead guilty for a lesser punishment.  Answer: Plea Bargain  When a resolution can not be reached this leads to a ______.  Answer: Conflict (war between nations, a domestic dispute, or a prison sentence).

66 EOC Review Civics & Econ. Goal 6

67  What are the two types of law?  Answer: Criminal law and Civil Law  Our system of criminal law is modeled after _________.  Answer: English system of common law  In Common Law, the judges tries to make the punishment fit the crime by using a _______ or a decision in an earlier court case.  Answer: precedent

68 Goal 6  In a civil case the ______ brings the charges against the other party, and must prove damages in order to receive a settlement.  Answer: plaintiff  All citizens have the right to a trial by jury according to the ________  Answer: 6 th and 7 th Amendments.  ________ is when the government must follow certain procedures in the process of arrest and trial.  Answer: Due Process

69 Goal 6  Due Process is guaranteed in the ______.  Answer: 14 th Amendment  ______ means that a person must be told of the charges of the arrest, and must be charges within 48 hours of their custody.  Answer: Habeas Corpus  _______ means that everyone has the right to a trail by jury.  Answer: Bill of Attainder.

70 Goal 6  ______ means that no law can be retroactive or made after the fact that someone did something wrong.  Answer: Ex Post Facto  The _______ allows no self incrimination.  Answer: 5 th Amendment  The ________ allows no cruel or unusual punishment.  Answer: 8 th Amendment.

71 Goal 6  _______ is the death penalty.  Answer: Capital Punishment  At the ______ a plea is entered, a trial date is set, and the amount of the bail is decided.  Answer: arraignment  ______ is money posted to assure appearance in court.  Answer: Bail

72 Goal 6  ______ is an early release from prison.  Answer: Parole.  _______ provides protection from unreasonable searches and seizures.  Answer: 4 th Amendment  A _______ is a pre-trial jury that examines the evidence to see whether an indictment is needed.  Answer: Grand Jury.

73 Goal 6  Examples of enforcement agencies are?  Answer: FBI & State Police  When a jury can not reach a verdict it is called?  Answer: A Hung Jury and a mistrial is declared.  What is the rule of justice is American Courtrooms?  Answer: guilty must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt and the defendant is innocent until proven guilty.

74 Goal 6  A disturbance at a urban night club would be handled by?  Answer: Local Police.  Divorce is an example of?  Answer: Civil Case another ex. would be a customer slips on a wet floor in a business and no wet floor warning signs posted.  Who has the burden of proof in a criminal case?  Answer: The prosecution or the government’s lawyer.

75 Goal 6  The __________ proposed a system of civil law for the city of Rome.  Answer: Emperor Justinian (Justin tine Code)  _______ is needed to secure a search warrant.  Answer: Probable Cause.  _______ is the right to a speedy trial.  Answer: Due Process

76 Goal 6  ______ when lawyers cross examine witnesses to test their reliability.  Answer: Adversarial System.  To ______ means to arrange laws systematically.  Answer: Codify Laws.

77 Civics & Econ. EOC Review Goal 7

78  What are the four factors of production?  Answer: Land, Labor, Capital,& Entrepreneurship.  An _____ takes risk in money, time, and planning to start a business.  Answer: Entrepreneur.  ___ is the natural resource or materials that products are made from.  Answer: Land (most natural resources are scarce in supply)

79 Goal 7  _____ is the tools and machines used in making products.  Answer: Capital ( Automation and Technology helps this factor).  ____ is the worker.  Answer: Labor (workers need specialized training to increase productivity).  ____ is the basic economic problem.  Answer: Scarcity ( the more scarce resources are the higher the cost).

80 Goal 7  ______ is what you give up when you make an economic choice.  Answer: Opportunity Cost  To increase productivity entrepreneurs use______.  Answer: Division of Labor and Specialization (workers trained at specific tasks make them experts and speed up productivity).  What are the four economic system in the world today?  Answer: Traditional- economic decisions are based on customs and is used in less primitive societies. Command System- the gov’t makes all the decisions. Free Market System- decisions are made by the interaction between buyer and seller. Mixed Economic System- the gov’t owns major industries (nationalization) for the good of the people and producers.

81 Goal 7  Example of a ____ would be the state increasing spending on more prisons and not increasing money for health care.  Answer: Trade off  A direct positive influence on productivity would be the use of _______.  Answer: New Technology.  Sewing Machines owned by business is an example of a _______.  Answer: Capital Good.

82 Goal 7  If a product become scare in supply what happens to the price?  Answer: the price will increase on that product.  Investment in human capital (workers) will ______  Answer: improve Productivity (job training).  _______ will cause a decrease in demand for human capital.  Answer: Robotics.

83 Civics and Econ. EOC Goal 8 Review

84  ____ is type of economic system used in the US.  Answer: Capitalism or Free Market System.  Capitalism was developed by _____.  Answer: Adam Smith.  According to Smith what are the key factors to capitalism?  Answer; Laissez faire (no government control of business), Self interest (search for profit), Free enterprise (right to start your own business), & Competition (controls prices and private ownership of property).

85 EOC Goal 8 Review  Why does the US government regulates business, why?  Answer: for the safety of the workers and consumers.  Capitalism is controlled by the free market forces of ______.  Answer: Supply and Demand (surpluses lead to lower prices and shortages lead to higher prices).  The _____ states that added more of any one of the factors of production will not always lead to more productivity.  Answer: Law of Diminishing Return.

86 EOC Goal 8 Review  ____ happens when prices rise faster than your income.  Answer: Inflation  A ___ is a business owned by one person.  Answer: Sole Proprietorship  ___ is a business that is owned by two or more people.  Answer: Partnership.

87 EOC Goal 8 Review  ____ is a business that is owned by stockholders.  Answer: Corporation.  ___ is when workers and management work out agreements on working conditions and pay. (workers can strike if the company does not met their demands).  Answer: Collective Bargaining.  If a country can produce goods that no other country can produce it is said that country has a ___.  Answer: Comparative advantage.

88 EOC Goal 8 Review  ___ are allowed to operate under strict government guidelines.  Answer: Public Monopolies.  The major advantage of a corporation is that ____ have limited liability.  Answer: Stockholders.

89 EOC Goal 8 Review  In a capitalistic economic system prices are set by the interaction between ___ in a market place.  Answer: buyers and sellers.  A decrease in demand or consumer spending will cause what to fall for businesses?  Answer: profits.

90 Civics and Econ. EOC Review Goal 9

91  The cost of buying on credit is called?  Answer: interest.  The ___ protects bank investments up to 100 thousand dollars.  Answer: FDIC  ___ occurs when the gov’t opens up an industry to competition to all businesses.  Answer: deregulation.

92 EOC Review Goal 9  Who regulates interest rates that banks charge?  Answer: Federal Reserve (if the Fed. Raises rates then less money is available for consumers. If the Fed. Lowers rates consumers will borrow more money- cheaper rate).  ____ refers to the paper and coin money our country uses.  Answer: Legal Tender  What are ways individuals can invest their money to make a profit?  Answer: Stocks, Mutual Funds, IRA’s (individual retirement accounts, & CD’s (Certificate of Deposits).

93 EOC Review Goal 9  The ___ is the total amount of all goods and services produced in the US in a year.  Answer: GDP (Gross Domestic Product)  What are other ways we measure our economy?  Answer: Unempolyment Rate, CPI (consumer price index), & Stock Market (Dow-Jones).  The Business Cycle helps to explain how our economy is performing. What are the four phases of the Business Cycle?  Answer: expansion, peak, contraction, & Recession (trough).

94 EOC Review Goal 9  ___ is used by some US Companies where they send jobs to be done in other countries. (causes loss of American jobs because jobs can be done for cheaper labor).  Answer: Out-sourcing  ___ was a trade agreement signed by the US, Latin American Countries, & Canada  Answer: NAFTA (sent many jobs and factories to these countries in exchange for cheaper products).  The US has a unfavorable balance of trade with China and Japan. What does this mean?  Answer: Import more than we export.

95 EOC Review Goal 9  The President is responsible for submitting a budget to Congress. Who writes the budget?  Answer: OMB (Office of Management and Budget) then it is submitted to Congress.  What are the largest expenditures for our national gov’t?  Answer: Defense and Social Welfare Programs.  What is a major source of revenue for our national gov’t ?  Answer: Federal Income Taxes.

96 EOC Review Goal 9  A ___ hurts low income earners the most because it taxes people at the same rate of tax.  Answer: regressive tax (ex. Sales tax)  A ___ tax is based on the ability to pay. The rate is based on what you earn.  Answer: progressive tax (income tax)  A special tax on alcohol and gasoline is called ___.  Answer: excise tax

97 EOC Review Goal 9  In a ___ economy, the gov’t often est. price controls.  Answer: command  The effect of ____ would cause a decrease in consumer spending.  Answer: high unemployment  Personal checks, debit cards, and currency are all equal to ___  Answer: money (credit cards are not)

98 EOC Review Goal 9  ___ can give incentives such as tax breaks to lure new businesses into our community.  Answer: Local governments  A ___ may cause the government to reduce taxes to encourage more consumer spending.  Answer: Recession  A business owner would consider the following elements before he would ___ his business: increase in population, increase in income levels, and how many similar businesses are in the area.  Answer: expand

99 EOC Review Goal 9  ___ on foreign products help to make US products more competitive in price.  Answer: Protective Tariff  A ___ means that two businesses have join together to operate as one.  Answer: merger  During times of ___, the most negative action the gov’t can take is to increase interest rates.  Answer: Inflation

100 EOC Review Goal 9  The US dollar is often used around the world because it is a ___.  Answer: Stable Currency  The ___ describes the interdependence between factories, workers earning an income, and then workers spending that income on goods produced by factories.  Answer: Circular flow of goods  The federal Reserve can help fight inflation by ___.  Answer: lowering interest rates

101 Civics & Econ. EOC Review Goal 10

102  ___ is a phrase printed on our money. It means out of many one. A violation of this concept would be laws that favored segregation.  Answer: E Pluribus Unum  Most Americans are ___ at birth because their parents already are.  Answer: Citizens  Aliens may gain citizenship thru a process called ___  Answer: Naturalization

103 EOC Review Goal 10  What duties are required by all citizens?  Answer: obey the law, pay taxes, defend the nation, serve on a jury, and attend school  The most important civic responsibility is ___.  Answer: voting  ___ is a government program that is designed to help give minorities and women equal opportunities in the job market.  Answer: Affirmative Action

104 EOC Review Goal 10  The key to the Civil Rights Movement in the US was the use of ___.  Answer: non-violent protest  Volunteering to help in the community helps to ___.  Answer: Save Money (ex. Adopt a highway)  An ___ is a court order to stop an action from taking place.  Answer: Injunction

105 Civics & Econ. EOC Review Important Supreme Court Cases

106  ______ est. judicial review  Answer: Marbury v. Madison  ______ est. the national supremacy of federal law over state law.  Answer: McCullough v. Maryland  ______ juveniles have due process rights under Juvenile Law.  Answer: In Re Gault

107 Important Supreme Court Cases  _____ Legalized segregation (separate but equal).  Answer: Plessy v. Ferguson  _____ students can wear black arm bands as symbolic expression of speech.  Answer: Tinker v. Des Moines  ____ limited free speech in time of war.  Answer: Schenck v. US

108 Important Supreme Court Cases  _____ religious groups have the right to home school children.  Answer: Wisconsin v. Yoder  _____ relocated Japanese- American citizens to interment camps during WWII.  Answer: Korematsu v. US  ____ school officials have the right to censor the school newspaper.  Answer: Hazelwood School District v. Kulhmeier

109 Important Supreme Court Cases  ____ ended gov’t sponsored segregation. Started intergration.  Answer: Brown v. Board of Ed.  ____ moment of silence for prayer was ruled unconstitutional in schools.  Answer: Wallace v. Jaffree  ____ school officials may search without a search warrant.  Answer: New Jersey v. TLO

110 Important Supreme Court Cases  _____ police must have a search warrant to search.  Answer: Mapp v. Ohio  ____ limited affirmative action programs.  Answer: University of Calif. V. Bakke  _____ ruled that mandatory Bible reading is unconstitutional.  Answer: Abbington School District v. Schempp

111 Important Supreme Court Cases  _____ President must turn over White House tapes to Watergate investigators.  Answer: US v. Nixon  _____ provided a court appointed lawyer for poor people.  Answer: Gideon v. Wainwright  _____ made abortion legal in the US  Answer: Roe v. Wade  _____ suspect must be informed of rights at time of arrest (questioning).  Answer: Miranda v. Arizona

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