2Terms to KnowIntroduction – the first paragraph of an essay; includes attention-getter (hook), necessary information, and thesis statement.Thesis Statement – the main idea of the essay. Should be written as one sentence in the form of a statement.Topic Sentence – the first sentence of a body paragraph; introduces the focus of the body paragraph.Works Cited Page - A list of the sources you used in your paper, alphabetized and with complete bibliographic information.
3Terms to KnowConclusion – the last paragraph of an essay; includes a modified thesis and a clincher or challenge to the reader.Parenthetical Citations – Material included in parentheses within your paper to identify your sourceDirect Quotation - Using your source’s exact words, in quotation marksParaphrase - Using a source’s idea (not words) in a shortened formatPlagiarism - Presenting the work done by someone else as if it’s your own
4Types of EssaysArgumentative/Persuasive – requires you to win over your reader to your way of thinking.Compare/Contrast - Compare and contrast essays are used to examine two or more subjects and the similarities and/or differences between them.Literary Analysis - Literary analysis papers focus on the analysis of a literary work.Reflective/Narrative - To share something you have read, learned, written, or experienced, and how it has affected your life.
5Writing Process Steps Pre-writing Organizing Drafting Revising and EditingHanding in a Final Copy
61. Pre-WritingPre-writing literally means, “before writing.” Before you actually begin writing your essay, you will need to do the following things:Choose a topic to write onBrainstorm or generate ideas for your topicFocus on central ideas
72. OrganizingMaking an outline can help you organize what you want to write. This is a rough plan for your essay and can help make the process of writing much easier.
9Reflective/Narrative Essay Outline Reflective Essays can vary greatly in number of paragraphs and organization.Many reflective essays are organized in the following way:I. IntroductionII. Event, Situation, or ExperienceIII. ResultIV. Effect on Your Life, outlook on life, or view of humanityV. Conclusion
103. Drafting Don’t worry about writing the ‘perfect’ paper the first time.Don’t focus on spelling and grammar as youwrite your rough draft. You can check this laterin the writing process.
125. The Final Copy Word-processed All new paragraphs indented 5 spaces The last step is turning in your essay to be graded. Look at the guidelines below for turning in the final draft of your essay.Word-processedAll new paragraphs indented 5 spacesDouble-spaced, 12 inch font, Times New Roman or ArialOne-inch margins on all sides
13Thesis – Main Idea of the Essay Your thesis should consist of a topic and limiting ideas.It should never be a question.It should never be the first sentence in your essay.The thesis is the answer to a question that seems important to you.
14Thesis ExamplesFor example, what characteristic traits make it possible for Montresor to be successful with his revenge? What characteristic traits make Fortunato an easy target?Fortunato makes himself an easy target because he is ________________, _________________ and ___________________.Montresor successfully accomplishes his revenge against Fortunato because he is _______________________, _____________________ and ____________________.
15Introduction - ANT Attention-Getter: First sentence or two should be an attention-getter. There are multiple ways to make up an attention- getter. (We will discuss this on the next slide).Necessary information:Necessary information includes:Author’s full nameTitle of the storyBrief plot summaryThesis:The last sentence of your introduction should be your thesis.
16Attention-Getter Include startling or interesting facts Provide a vivid, detailed descriptionAsk or pose a questionPresent an anecdote (a short narrative of an interesting incident)Begin with a quotationDefinition
17GMOD’s – Grammar Mistakes of Death Never write in second person (you, your, etc.)Never use contractionsNever write in first person unless writing a reflective/narrative essay.Always write in present tense.Always use transitional words and phrases Ex. First, Then, In addition,
18Conclusion Strategy Reword your thesis. Tie all your points together. Echo your introduction and body paragraphs. What were your main points?Then in 1-3 sentences, tell your reader the significance or importance of the ideas you have been analyzing. Warning: do not use you.Clincher: Try to end your paper with a short sentence that reinforces your point in the paper.
19Sample ConclusionThus, Fortunato aided in his own murder because of his pride and foolishness. His unwillingness to let someone else taste the Amontillado led straight to his death. Additionally, his costume of a court jester was a perfect symbol for his foolishness. Undoubtedly, there is no ego great enough, no cask of Amontillado valuable enough to abandon one’s wisdom.