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Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Future Directions for GISCI and the Exam Rebecca Somers Somers-St.Claire GIS Management Consultants Fairfax, Virginia February 2015
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI GISP® and other GIS certifications Why obtain certification? Future directions for GISCI What it means now 2 Overview
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI GIS Certifications
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI GIS Professional Certification Issued by GISCI – AAG, GITA, GLIS, NSGIC, UCGIS, URISA – Since 2004 Certification of GIS achievement, competency, and professionalism: – Experience – Education – Contributions Portfolio; exam to be added in GISP® Certification
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI ASPRS—suite of certifications including: – Certified photogrammetrist (1975) – Certified mapping scientist (GIS/LIS, RS) (1991) – Certified GIS/LIS technologist Esri Technical Certifications – Since Other GIS Certifications
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Certificates – Completion of an education program Badges and “micro-credentials” – Indicate accomplishments Licensure – Legal requirement 6 Other Credentials
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Why Obtain Certification?
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Document GIS professional achievement Professional recognition Greater earning and advancement potential Credentials used to prescreen Credential creep (DiBiase, 2014) Growing preference for GIS certification Grow the GIS profession 8 Why Get Certified?
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI More than 100 recent (Oct-Nov 2014) job listings included a preference for GISP® Certification Public & private sectors All types of jobs, including: – GIS manager – Geospatial analyst – GIS coordinator – GIS technician – Project planner – Department director 9 Growing Preference for GISP® Certification
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI States are endorsing the GISP® Certification, including: – North Carolina – New Jersey – Ohio – Oregon – California – Montana 10 Growing Recognition of GISP® Certification
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI It’s not just what you get from certification What your participation contributes: – Increase GIS professional recognition – Increase GIS professional cooperation – Modular and portable GIS certifications 11 Grow the GIS Profession
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Future Directions for GISCI
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI GISP® Certification Development and Status Feasibility & Discussion Dev. of GISP® Certification Process GISCI More than 7000 GISPs URISA Certification Committee 1990s Current GISP® Certification Process: Portfolio—experience, education, contributions 13
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Professional Certification Development Feasibility GISP® Cert.GISCI 7000 GISPs Comm. 1990s GISCI GISP® Certification NCCA/ICE (Nat. Commission for Certifying Agencies/Institute for Credentialing Excellence) ANSI/ISO ~ NCCA/NOCACertification StandardsICE Update ANSI/ISO 17024: Personnel CertificationUpdate Start accred. & exam
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Professional Certification Standards NCCA and ANSI set professional certification standards NCCA and ANSI accredit certifying organizations GISCI plans to meet these standards and achieve accreditation for the GISP® Certification and any other certifications it may develop 15 Certification is for protection of the public, not just advancement of the profession.
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Professional Certification Standards Validated by a Job Analysis – The tasks job incumbents perform – The knowledge, skills, and abilities they need to perform them Independent Accreditation – Assessment instrument—process & result – Certifying organization’s operations and governance 16
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Job Analysis and Certification Development Job Definition & Certification Purpose KSAs Tasks Linkage & Validity Assessment Instrument Certification Job Analysis Resources: Lit., References, BoK, Best Practices Psychometric Validation/review 17 Certification/Assess- ment Specification
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Job Analysis – Essential method for determining the content of a certification assessment – Must adhere to accepted methodology – Must demonstrate and document job-relatedness – Unambiguously required by psychometric standards Not directly derived from – Competency model or skills list (GISCI used the GTCM Tier 4, core technical competencies, as a guideline) – General BoK (GISCI used GIS&T BoK used as reference) – Best practices Professional Certification is Based On 18
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Addition of an exam to strengthen the GISP® certification Align with Job Analysis Prepare for accreditation GISP® Certification Update 19
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI First direct job analysis for GIS professionals Several focus groups of job incumbents spanning all sectors, job types, and levels of experience (more than 50) Validation survey--more than 350 individuals spanning all sectors, job types, and experience levels Results vary somewhat from GIS&T BoK and GTCM—mostly in emphasis Job Analysis 20
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Exam Development Job Analysis Exam Blueprint Exam Content Pilot Cut Score Final Exam 21
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Validate (with respect to Job Analysis results) Adjust (to Job Analysis results) Alignment of Portfolio Requirements 22
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Exam (to supplement portfolio) Certification process validation and documentation Operational adjustments Governance adjustments Preparation for Accreditation 23
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Not only validate GISP® certification through accreditation… GISP® certification will serve as foundation for other certifications – New GIS certifications – Linkage to related certification Moving Forward 24
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Sponsoring organization or interest group discuss with GISCI—define job/certification Determine relationship to GISP® certification GISCI follow standard certification development process (job analysis, validation, etc.) SMEs, job incumbents, and resources from across industry Certification granted and operated by GISCI Business driver—membership/activity for sponsoring organization Additional/Specialty GIS Certifications 25
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI GISCI Job Definition & Certification Purpose KSAs Tasks Linkage & Validity Assessment Instrument Certification Job Analysis Guidance on Resources Psychometric Validation/review 26 Certification/Assess- ment Specification Industry-wide Job Incumbents & SMEs Job Description/Scope Membership/ Services “Sponsor” Relationship to GISP ® Additional/Specialty GIS Certifications
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Job Analysis – Essential method for determining the content of a certification assessment – Must adhere to accepted methodology – Must demonstrate and document job-relatedness Not based on – Competency model or skill list, BoK, or best practices – These are references Certifying organizations follow Professional Certification standards, practices, and guidelines Additional GIS Professional Certifications Based On 27
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI What it Means Now
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Two-part GISP® certification process: Portfolio and Exam Begin application process at any time with either component 6 years to complete application What to Expect 29
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI GISCI Geospatial Core Technical Knowledge Exam® Blueprint Knowledge Area Conceptual Foundations Cartography and Visualization GIS Design Aspects and Data Modeling GIS Analytical Methods Data Manipulation Geospatial Data Weight 12% 14% 29% 17% 15% 13% 30
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Exam pilot winter 2015 GISCI Geospatial Core Technical Knowledge Exam® mid 2015 All GISP® certification applicants will be required to take the exam once it starts Initially, the exam will be offered at testing centers on specific dates Exam availability will increase shortly thereafter What to Expect: Exam 31
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Minimal change in the portfolio component Recertify without exam Process changes coming in July 2015 What to Expect: GISP Certification 32
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI July 1, 2015: Changes take effect – 3 year certification and recertification periods – Every new applicant must take exam – New fee structure Certification application fee: $100 Certification exam fee: $250 Certification portfolio review fee: $100 Annual renewal fee: $95 Recertification: every 3 years; no fee—covered by renewal fees Until July 1, 2015: Current process remains – 5 year certification and recertification (“renewal”) periods – Current certification and recertification fees What to Expect: GISP Certification Changes 33
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI July 1, 2015: Changes take effect GISP certification will cost approx. $100/yr. for career What to Expect: GISP Certification Changes 34
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI More than just an exam… Accreditation: – Alignment of GISP® certification and GISCI with accepted professional certification development standards and practice – Validation of GISP® certification Stronger foundation for additional/related GIS certifications GISCI Directions 35
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Which certifications are right for you? GISP® certification: – Get certified for what you already have achieved – Certification can help advance your career – Help grow the GIS profession 36 What To Think About
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Rebecca Somers, GISCI Exam Development Project Manager: stclaire.com Bill Hodge, GISCI Executive Director: For More Information 37
Copyright © Rebecca Somers and GISCI Rebecca Somers, “GISCI’s GISP® Certification, Evolution, and Future Directions”, URISA GIS Pro 2014 Proceedings. Also available at gisci.org. Tripp Corbin. “GIS Certification: To Certify or Not Certify”, URISA GIS Pro Proceedings David DiBiase, “Credential Creep in the GIS Field—For Good or for Ill?”, Esri blog (http://blogs.esri.com/esri/esri-insider/2014/11/14/credential-creep-in-the-gis-field-for-good-or-for-ill/) For More Information 38
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