4 GISP® Certification GIS Professional Certification Issued by GISCI AAG, GITA, GLIS, NSGIC, UCGIS, URISASince 2004Certification of GIS achievement, competency, and professionalism:ExperienceEducationContributionsPortfolio; exam to be added in 2015
5 Other GIS Certifications ASPRS—suite of certifications including:Certified photogrammetrist (1975)Certified mapping scientist (GIS/LIS, RS) (1991)Certified GIS/LIS technologistEsri Technical CertificationsSince 2010
6 Other Credentials Certificates Badges and “micro-credentials” Completion of an education programBadges and “micro-credentials”Indicate accomplishmentsLicensureLegal requirement
8 Why Get Certified? Document GIS professional achievement Professional recognitionGreater earning and advancement potentialCredentials used to prescreenCredential creep (DiBiase, 2014)Growing preference for GIS certificationGrow the GIS profession
9 Growing Preference for GISP® Certification More than 100 recent (Oct-Nov 2014) job listings included a preference for GISP® CertificationPublic & private sectorsAll types of jobs, including:GIS managerGeospatial analystGIS coordinatorGIS technicianProject plannerDepartment director
10 Growing Recognition of GISP® Certification States are endorsing the GISP® Certification, including:North CarolinaNew JerseyOhioOregonCaliforniaMontana
11 Grow the GIS Profession It’s not just what you get from certificationWhat your participation contributes:Increase GIS professional recognitionIncrease GIS professional cooperationModular and portable GIS certifications
13 GISP® Certification Development and Status 1997200120042015Feasibility & DiscussionURISA Certification CommitteeGISCIMore than 7000 GISPsDev. of GISP® Certification ProcessNOTES ON HISTORY:1990s: Various discussions regarding whether GIS was true profession and whether certification was feasible and advisable began in earnest in the early 90s and continued through out formation of the program. (Key early input by Bill Huxhold, Nancy Obermeyer, David DiBiase, Rebecca Somers, and others)1997: URISA formed a GIS Certification Committee in 1997.2001: The first design of the GISP® certification was developed in It was subsequently discussed, and revised throughout Although minor revisions have been made over the years, the basic portfolio established in 2001 and finalized in 2003 remains the basis of GISP certification.The pilot project for the GISP® certification was conducted with a group of GIS professionals in Georgia in These individuals earned the first GISP® certification designation in the fall of 2003.2004: GISCI was formed as an independent non-profit in 2004.VARIOUS REFERENCES, IF NEEDED:Feasibility research and discussion, selected references:AAG Panel, “Is GIS a new (academic) discipline?” Bob Aangeenbrug (organizer), Mike Goodchild, Derek Gregory, David Cowen, Robert Sack (General consensus: GIS does not stand alone as a discipline.)Obermeyer, Nancy. “GIS: A New Profession?” The Professional Geographer, 46(4) 1994, ppObermeyer, Nancy. “Certifying GIS Professionals: Challenges and Alternatives,” Journal of the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association (5:1) 1993,ppSomers, Rebecca, "Defining the GIS Profession." GeoInfo Systems magazine, p , May 2000, Advanstar Communications, Eugene, OR.Various articles and conference presentations and panels—pros and cons of GIS certification: Bob Aangeenbrug, Mike Goodchild, Bill Huxhold, Karen Kemp, Rebecca Somers, Lyna Wiggins, others1997 URISA Certification Committee:Chairs: Nancy Obermeyer ( ); Bill Huxhold, ( )Members from public organizations, industry, academia:Bob Aangeenbrug, Heather Annulis, Bob Barr, William Bowdy, Judy Boyd, Al Butler, Tim Case, Roger Chamard, Will Craig, David DiBiase, Peirce Eichelberger, Joe Ferreira, Keith Fournier, Steven French, Cindy Gaudet, Josh Greenfield, Ann Johnson, Karen Kemp, Jury Konga, Joel Morrison, Sherman Payne, Michael Renslow, Warren Roberts, Mark Salling, Joe Sewash, Rebecca Somers, Curt Sumner, Geney Terry, Eugene Turner, Barry Waite, Lynda Wayne, Suzanne Wechsler, Elaine Whitehead, Lyna Wiggins, Thomas WikleCurrent GISP® Certification Process: Portfolio—experience, education, contributions
14 Professional Certification Development 1997200120042015GISCI GISP® CertificationFeasibilityComm.GISP® Cert.GISCIStart accred. & exam7000 GISPs19892002~200520092013NCCA/ICE (Nat. Commission for Certifying Agencies/Institute for Credentialing Excellence)Background notes:During the same time period as the GISP® certification program was being developed, significant developments were occurring in the field of Professional Certification.NCCA developed standards and procedures for professional certification and requirements for certifying organizations. (NOCA was the predecessor of NCCA.)ANSI also developed standards and procedures for personnel certification and requirements for certifying organizations.Note that both of these standards were under development while the GISP® certification was being developed, and were not released until after the GISP certification was released.Therefore, GIS in , GISCI decided to add an exam to strengthen the GISP® certification, better align it with professional certification standards, and to seek accreditation for the GISP® certification.NCCA/NOCACertification StandardsICEUpdate20032012ANSI/ISOANSI/ISO 17024: Personnel CertificationUpdate
15 Professional Certification Standards NCCA and ANSI set professional certification standardsNCCA and ANSI accredit certifying organizationsGISCI plans to meet these standards and achieve accreditation for the GISP® Certification and any other certifications it may developCertification is for protection of the public, not just advancement of the profession.
16 Professional Certification Standards Validated by a Job AnalysisThe tasks job incumbents performThe knowledge, skills, and abilities they need to perform themIndependentAccreditationAssessment instrument—process & resultCertifying organization’s operations and governance
17 Job Analysis and Certification Development Job Definition & Certification PurposeJob AnalysisTasksKSAsLinkage & ValidityCertification/Assess-ment SpecificationResources: Lit., References, BoK, Best PracticesPsychometric Validation/reviewAssessment InstrumentCertification
18 Professional Certification is Based OnJob AnalysisEssential method for determining the content of a certification assessmentMust adhere to accepted methodologyMust demonstrate and document job-relatednessUnambiguously required by psychometric standardsNot directly derived fromCompetency model or skills list (GISCI used the GTCM Tier 4, core technical competencies, as a guideline)General BoK (GISCI used GIS&T BoK used as reference)Best practicesJob Analysis is a standard, accepted, and required industry practice for the development of professional certifications.A certification assessment cannot be based on or derived directly from competency models, general/academic bodies of knowledge, or best practices, but these may be included, as appropriate, in the certification development resources.An Essential Body of Knowledge is derived from the required knowledge derived from a Job Analysis, so in these terms, it is more direct and specific than an academic body of knowledge.
19 GISP® Certification Update Addition of an exam to strengthen the GISP® certificationAlign with Job AnalysisPrepare for accreditation
20 Job Analysis First direct job analysis for GIS professionals Several focus groups of job incumbents spanning all sectors, job types, and levels of experience (more than 50)Validation survey--more than 350 individuals spanning all sectors, job types, and experience levelsResults vary somewhat from GIS&T BoK and GTCM—mostly in emphasis
21 Exam Development Job Analysis Exam Blueprint Exam Content Pilot Cut ScoreFinal Exam
22 Alignment of Portfolio Requirements Validate (with respect to Job Analysis results)Adjust (to Job Analysis results)
23 Preparation for Accreditation Exam (to supplement portfolio)Certification process validation and documentationOperational adjustmentsGovernance adjustments
24 Moving ForwardNot only validate GISP® certification through accreditation…GISP® certification will serve as foundation for other certificationsNew GIS certificationsLinkage to related certification
25 Additional/Specialty GIS Certifications Sponsoring organization or interest group discuss with GISCI—define job/certificationDetermine relationship to GISP® certificationGISCI follow standard certification development process (job analysis, validation, etc.)SMEs, job incumbents, and resources from across industryCertification granted and operated by GISCIBusiness driver—membership/activity for sponsoring organization
27 Additional GIS Professional Certifications Based On Job AnalysisEssential method for determining the content of a certification assessmentMust adhere to accepted methodologyMust demonstrate and document job-relatednessNot based onCompetency model or skill list, BoK, or best practicesThese are referencesCertifying organizations follow Professional Certification standards, practices, and guidelinesAlignment of the GISP® certification and future GISCI certifications with standard professional certification development processes and modules will also enable GISCI to work with existing and developing certifications by interfacing common modules.
29 What to ExpectTwo-part GISP® certification process: Portfolio and ExamBegin application process at any time with either component6 years to complete application
30 GISCI Geospatial Core Technical Knowledge Exam® Blueprint Knowledge AreaWeightConceptual Foundations Cartography and Visualization GIS Design Aspects and Data Modeling GIS Analytical Methods Data Manipulation Geospatial Data12% 14% 29% 17% 15% 13%GISCI will release the exam blueprint (list of knowledge areas covered by the exam, not the specific questions) before the exam is offered, maybe concurrent with the pilot. This is the information that universities (or any organization) will need to design exam prep courses.
31 What to Expect: Exam Exam pilot winter 2015 GISCI Geospatial Core Technical Knowledge Exam® mid 2015All GISP® certification applicants will be required to take the exam once it startsInitially, the exam will be offered at testing centers on specific datesExam availability will increase shortly thereafterInitially, the exam will be offered through established testing centers. Opportunities to offer the exam online or by paper-and-pencil events will be discussed later, probably during 2015, with possible implementation later in 2015 or 2016 and beyond.The exam fee is not yet settled (as of September 2014) and will probably be announced before the end of the year (2014). A candidate can retake the exam if they fail it. However, the number of times a candidate can retake the exam (as well as any required waiting time, will be determined early next year (2015).
32 What to Expect: GISP Certification Minimal change in the portfolio componentRecertify without examProcess changes coming in July 2015
33 What to Expect: GISP Certification Changes July 1, 2015: Changes take effect3 year certification and recertification periodsEvery new applicant must take examNew fee structureCertification application fee: $100Certification exam fee: $250Certification portfolio review fee: $100Annual renewal fee: $95Recertification: every 3 years; no fee—covered by renewal feesUntil July 1, 2015: Current process remains5 year certification and recertification (“renewal”) periodsCurrent certification and recertification fees
34 What to Expect: GISP Certification Changes July 1, 2015: Changes take effectGISP certification will cost approx. $100/yr. for career
35 GISCI Directions More than just an exam… Accreditation: Alignment of GISP® certification and GISCI with accepted professional certification development standards and practiceValidation of GISP® certificationStronger foundation for additional/related GIS certifications
36 What To Think About Which certifications are right for you? GISP® certification:Get certified for what you already have achievedCertification can help advance your careerHelp grow the GIS profession
37 For More InformationRebecca Somers, GISCI Exam Development Project Manager:Bill Hodge, GISCI Executive Director:
38 For More InformationRebecca Somers, “GISCI’s GISP® Certification, Evolution, and Future Directions”, URISA GIS Pro 2014 Proceedings. Also available at gisci.org.Tripp Corbin. “GIS Certification: To Certify or Not Certify”, URISA GIS Pro Proceedings 2014.David DiBiase, “Credential Creep in the GIS Field—For Good or for Ill?”, Esri blog (http://blogs.esri.com/esri/esri-insider/2014/11/14/credential-creep-in-the-gis-field-for-good-or-for-ill/)