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1 Applying TRH Best Practices in the Field Ron Magarick The Training in Reproductive Health Project (TRH) at JHPIEGO 29 November 2001.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Applying TRH Best Practices in the Field Ron Magarick The Training in Reproductive Health Project (TRH) at JHPIEGO 29 November 2001."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Applying TRH Best Practices in the Field Ron Magarick The Training in Reproductive Health Project (TRH) at JHPIEGO 29 November 2001

2 2 Overview: Training in Reproductive Health The TRH Project works globally to establish integrated (pre- and inservice) education and training systems to improve the performance of reproductive health professionals...

3 3 Selected TRH Best Practices Strengthening preservice education and training Improving provider performance through implementing competency-based training approaches using: –Anatomic models –Structured on-the-job training And one more Surprise Best Practice

4 4 Best Practice: Strengthening Preservice Education and Training

5 5 Reasons to Strengthen Preservice Education and Training for All Health Professionals Prepares students to become skilled FP/RH providers immediately after graduation Students start off with “correct” information, attitudes and behaviors RH skills perceived as part of basic package of skills Faculty/preceptors become advocates for RH services Can reach more providers than inservice training Reduces reliance on inservice training by providing graduates with basic skills (IP, pelvic exam, counseling)

6 6 Essential Elements in Preservice Education and Training Linkages between the classroom and clinical practice established and strengthened Standardized RH curriculum developed Clinical knowledge/skills strengthened and training skills of faculty/tutors/clinical preceptors updated Clinical practice sites standardized Training materials developed and made available to faculty, trainers and students

7 7 JHPIEGO’s Preservice Education and Training Program in the Philippines Decade-long program (1987-1998) –Strengthen preservice nursing and midwifery education for FP/RH (strengthen curriculum, trainers, clinical training sites) –27 nursing and midwifery schools Program evaluation (February-March 2001) –Study Sample:16 schools (8 nursing, 8 midwifery)

8 Philippines: Summary of Findings 3 years later: Policy: FP/RH questions incorporated in licensure examinations Programmatic: Strengthened nursing and midwifery schools continue to implement competency-based FP/RH preservice education Sustainability: Schools maintaining strengthened program Trained faculty available Implementation of FP/RH curricular components continues Functioning clinical training sites available School faculty used as resources for programs at other schools and in other clinical areas (e.g., HIV/AIDS) Impact: Graduates better prepared for service delivery

9 9 Graduates From Strengthened Schools Performed Better on Licensure Examinations

10 10 Best Practice: Competency-based Training Using Anatomic Models

11 Why Use Anatomic Models? Clients are not harmed or inconvenienced if a mistake is made Difficult tasks, or parts of a procedure, can be practiced repeatedly Practice of a sequence of steps or skills can be repeated at any time and as often as needed Several participants can practice simultaneously Practice is not limited to the clinical situation, or to a time when clients are available

12 12 Why Use Anatomic Models? Promotes learning by doing Uses a humanistic training approach (i.e., uses anatomic models to ensure competency before working with clients)

13 Competency-based Learning Packages

14 Chulalongkorn University: Using Anatomic Models Can Increase Training Efficiency Source: Ajello et al, 1994. IUD Insertion: Number of Clients Needed to Achieve Competency

15 Humanistic Approach

16 16 Conclusion Clinical training is possible even when the client caseload is low because fewer cases are needed for participants to attain skill competency Training time is reduced, resulting in: –Lower costs for training –Less disruption of services due to provider absence

17 17 Best Practice: Competency-based Training in Postabortion Care Using Structured On-the-Job Training

18 18 The PAC/OJT, Self-Directed Learning Package The postabortion care/structured on-the-job training (PAC/OJT) approach –Reduces the need for group-based courses –Increases training flexibility –Supports decentralized training systems

19 PAC/OJT Learning Package Addresses the Need for More Flexible Training Main advantages –Enables the training of individual or a small number of trainees without putting undue burden on trainers or training site –Is much more flexible, and requires less logistic support than traditional group-based training

20 20 Core Group Prepared as PAC/OJT Trainers in Zambia Core group of 14 service providers from 3 model clinical training sites prepared as trainers –IP, FP etc. skills updated and PAC clinical skills standardized to establish model services –Introduced to the PAC/OJT package –Trained in clinical training skills using ModCAL, a self- paced computer-assisted learning approach –Oriented to trainer’s role in the PAC/OJT package –Received supportive supervision visits to initiate training

21 PAC/OJT Results in Zambia Three teams have begun OJT for staff within their own sites (12 physicians and nurses currently being trained at Kitwe, Ndola and University Teaching Hospital) National action plan – to establish PAC services in 100 sites nationwide – based on implementing the self-directed/structured OJT approach 16 to 24 new service providers are expected to receive training as OJT trainers in the coming year

22 22 Surprise Best Practice

23 23 Establishment of the Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

24 24 RCQHC Mission The RCQHC was established to provide leadership in building regional capacity to improve quality of health care by promoting better practices through networking, strategic partnerships, education and training. REGIONAL CENTRE FOR QUALITY OF HEALTH KAMPALA, UGANDA

25 Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care (RCQHC) Based at Makerere University and affiliated with Makerere’s Institute of Public Health Opened February 2000 Supported by a consortium of USAID CAs Staffed by leading African clinicians and trainers –Reproductive Health Advisor –Maternal Health Advisor –Malaria Advisor –HIV/AIDS Advisor –Nutrition Advisor

26 26 Centre Accomplishments Worked to develop and pretest short courses (RH, nutrition, HIV/AIDS, malaria) and develop a diploma course in QoC Provided technical assistance to MOHs within the region in curriculum and job aid development (e.g nutrition, MNH, RH) Organized a State of the Art meeting on Improving Quality of Care in the region (230 participants attended) Provided TA to many NGOs in the region

27 Centre Accomplishment: Strengthening Technical Skills in the Region

28 .

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