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BAPTISM “But we, little fishes (pisculi), after the example of our Fish ( ΙΧΘΥΣ ), Jesus Christ, are born in water.” (Tertullian)

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Presentation on theme: "BAPTISM “But we, little fishes (pisculi), after the example of our Fish ( ΙΧΘΥΣ ), Jesus Christ, are born in water.” (Tertullian)"— Presentation transcript:

1 BAPTISM “But we, little fishes (pisculi), after the example of our Fish ( ΙΧΘΥΣ ), Jesus Christ, are born in water.” (Tertullian)

2 Prefigured in Old Covenant Spirit over the Waters at Creation Noah and the Flood Crossing of the Red Sea Crossing River Jordan https://www.yo utube.com/wat ch?v=BjJi6mu_ Rg0

3 “Outward Sign… Recipient ◦ Any unbaptized person Matter ◦ Water Form ◦ “I baptize you in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” Minister ◦ Ordinary: bishop, priest ◦ Extraordinary: deacon, anyone with proper intent

4 “… Instituted by Christ… Baptism of Christ ◦ Chief paradigm for the Sacraments ◦ Mt 3:11-17; Mk 1:8-13; Lk 3:15-22; Jn 1:24-34 Great Commission ◦ Mt 28: ◦ Obeyed quickly in Early Church  “‘Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit’” (Acts 2:38)

5 “…To Give Grace” (Effects) Forgiveness of all sin, including original and actual, as well as their punishment Birth into new life in Christ, becoming children of God and temple of Holy Spirit Confers grace and virtues through which we are justified and may grow in holiness Initiated as member of Church, in unity with all Christians, as priest, prophet, king Marked with indelible character

6 Paschal Mystery Old Man and New Man – Romans 6:1-14 The baptismal font is “Tomb and Womb” ◦ “We are buried with Christ in baptism so we may rise again with him.” (St. Gregory Nazianzen) ◦ “For just as our Savior spent three days and nights in the hollow bosom of the earth, so you upon first emerging were representing Christ’s day in the earth, and by your immersion his first night… In one and the same action you died and were born.” (St. Cyril of Jerusalem)

7 A word about oils

8 Other Symbols White garment – risen with Christ Candle lit from the Easter candle – all baptized are to be the light of the world

9 RCIA - Baptism Leading up to Easter Vigil Anointing with oil of catechumens and prayer of exorcism Rite of Election – enrollment of names Ephphetha Rite (blessing of ears and mouth) At the Easter Vigil itself Litany of the Saints Prayer over water Renunciation of Sin and Profession of Faith

10 RCIA – Baptism Baptism itself – immersion or pouring (Anointing with Chrism) Clothing with white garment Presentation of lighted candle (Rites continue with Confirmation and Reception of Eucharist)

11 “People were bringing even infants to Him that He might touch them, and when the disciples saw this, they rebuked them. Jesus, however, called the children to himself and said, ‘Let the children come to me and do not prevent them; for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these.’”(Luke 18:15-16)

12 Rite of Baptism for Children Much is the same, but there are adaptations: Reception of the children asks questions of parents, and reminds them of their commitment Prayer of exorcism references only original sin and strengthening them for their whole lives Parents and Godparents make promises for the child’s sake and are entrusted with the child’s upbringing in the Church

13 FAQs about infant baptism: Why did the Church change its mind and focus more on infant baptism? (Acts 16:25- 34) Can the parents and godparents make these promises on behalf of the child? Are they forcing their will on the child and his/her beliefs? Does an infant need to be baptized? They haven’t sinned. What happens to babies if they die before they are baptized?

14 Sacrament of Salvation Is Baptism necessary for salvation? “I solemnly assure you, no one can enter into God’s kingdom without being begotten of water and Spirit” (John 3:5) “The man who believes in [the good news] and accepts Baptism will be saved; the man who refuses to believe in it will be condemned” (Mark 16:16) “God has bound salvation to the Sacrament of Baptism, but He Himself is not bound by His sacraments” (CCC 1257)


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