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Springfield Sockeye Hatchery Program Jeff Heindel – IDFG LSRCP Production Meeting – Boise, ID.

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Presentation on theme: "Springfield Sockeye Hatchery Program Jeff Heindel – IDFG LSRCP Production Meeting – Boise, ID."— Presentation transcript:

1 Springfield Sockeye Hatchery Program Jeff Heindel – IDFG LSRCP Production Meeting – Boise, ID

2 Project Team Idaho Department of Fish & Game Jeff Heindel – Project Manager, Boise HQ Doug Engemann – Hatchery Manager, Springfield Bonneville Power Administration Jan Brady – COTR, Portland Office Jeff Gislason, Greg Baesler (retired) – BPA BPA Environmental Services NOAA Fisheries Shoshone-Bannock Tribes IDFG Eagle FH, Sawtooth FH, Fish Research

3 1.Background and review of current conservation program 2.Review new hatchery design, timelines, and next steps Presentation Outline

4 Sawtooth Basin Springfield Hatchery Compass Bearings

5 Snake River Sockeye Salmon Longest migration (about 900 miles) Highest elevation (about 6,500 ft.) Most southerly population

6 Snake River Sockeye Salmon Pre-western civilization - - up to 30,000 sockeye salmon returned to the Sawtooth Basin 1910 to 1934 Sunbeam Dam era – access to nursery lakes questionable Between 1953 and 1964, Redfish Lake sockeye returns monitored – high return 4,300

7 Protection under the ESA In 1990, the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of Idaho petitioned the NMFS to list Snake River Sockeye Salmon Prior to listing, (in May,1991) the IDFG collected Redfish Lake out-migrating smolts and the four anadromous adults that returned in August, 1991 to initiate the conservation program

8 Protection under the ESA In November, 1991, NMFS concluded that Snake River Sockeye Salmon met the criteria for an ESU (Evolutionarily Significant Unit) and the population was listed as endangered

9 Captive Broodstock Development Founding contributors to the broodstock wild sockeye (all that returned in ‘90s) several hundred out-migrating sockeye smolts 26 “residual” sockeye salmon

10 Conservation Goals Near-term program goals – avoid population extinction conserve population genetic diversity begin increasing numbers in the wild

11 Facilities and Locations 1.Existing facilities: a)IDFG Eagle Fish Hatchery b)IDFG Sawtooth Fish Hatchery c)NOAA Manchester Research Station d)NOAA Burley Creek Hatchery e)ODFW Oxbow Fish Hatchery

12 Facilities and Locations IDFG Eagle Captive brood building

13 Facilities and Locations IDFG Eagle Captive brood building

14 Facilities and Locations IDFG Sawtooth Fish Hatchery

15 Facilities and Locations IDFG Sawtooth Fish Hatchery “Borrowed” space

16 Facilities and Locations NOAA conservation hatchery locations

17 Facilities and Locations NOAA Manchester Research Station

18 NOAA Manchester Research Station seawater rearing Facilities and Locations

19 NOAA Burley Creek Hatchery freshwater rearing Facilities and Locations

20 ODFG Oxbow Fish Hatchery Bonneville Dam

21 Facilities and Locations ODFG Oxbow Fish Hatchery Bonneville Dam “Borrowed” space

22 Redfish Lake Springfield Hatchery Eagle Hatchery Facilities and Locations Sawtooth Hatchery

23 Yellowbelly Lake Alturas Lake Redfish Lake Creek Salmon River Valley Creek Stanley Lake STANLEY mi km. Redfish Lake Pettit Lake 81 ha 615 ha 73 ha 160 ha 338 ha Idaho Sawtooth Fish Hatchery Fishhook Crk. Facilities and Locations

24 Redfish Lake Surface area: 6.15 km 2, 2.37 mi 2 Max. depth: 91.5 m, 300 ft Photo courtesy Shoshone-Bannock Tribes

25 Alturas Lake Surface area: 3.38 km 2, 1.30 mi 2 Max. depth: 53.0 m, ft Photo courtesy Shoshone-Bannock Tribes

26 Pettit Lake Surface area: 1.62 km 2, 0.63 mi 2 Max. depth: 52 m, 170 ft Photo courtesy Shoshone-Bannock Tribes

27 First hatchery-produced adults out- planted in 1993 First hatchery-produced juveniles planted in 1994 First hatchery-produced anadromous adults back in 1999 Conservation Program Results

28 Maintain captive broodstock “Surplus” eggs and fish out-planted to Redfish, Alturas and Pettit lakes Conservation Program Results

29 “Surplus” eggs and fish out-planted to Redfish, Alturas and Pettit lakes Eggs (egg box releases) Conservation Program Results

30 “Surplus” eggs and fish out-planted to Redfish, Alturas and Pettit lakes Eggs (egg box releases) Age-0 pre-smolts Conservation Program Results

31 “Surplus” eggs and fish out-planted to Redfish, Alturas and Pettit lakes Eggs (egg box releases) Age-0 pre-smolts Age-1 smolts Conservation Program Results

32 “Surplus” eggs and fish out-planted to Redfish, Alturas and Pettit lakes Eggs (egg box releases) Age-0 pre-smolts Age-1 smolts Pre-spawn adults Conservation Program Results

33 Eyed-egg and pre-smolt releases account for 77.3% of all juvenile releases ( 22.7% = smolts) Conservation Program Results

34 2008 – 650 adults to Sawtooth Basin 2009 – 833 adults ,355 adults (most since 1955) 2011 – 1,118 adults 2012 – 257 adults Conservation Program Results

35 After nearly 20 years of implementation, the program has successfully met its primary conservation objectives by: Applying state-of-the art fish husbandry techniques Maximizing effective population size and population genetic diversity Maximizing the numbers of breeders per generation Managing genetic risks (inbreeding, domestication selection) Comprehensive m&e and adaptive management Conservation Program Results

36 Conservation Goals Near-term program goals – avoid population extinction conserve population genetic diversity begin increasing numbers in the wild

37 Conservation Goals Near-term program goals – avoid population extinction conserve population genetic diversity begin increasing numbers in the wild

38 Redfish Lake Springfield Hatchery Eagle Hatchery Facilities and Locations Sawtooth Hatchery

39 Springfield Fish Hatchery

40 Springfield Hatchery will contribute significantly by: Establishing a self-sustaining anadromous broodstock which will reduce the reliance on the captive broodstock Increase population fitness and reduce the risks associated with domestication selection Provide adults to out-plant to lakes to increase natural spawning and juvenile production Springfield Fish Hatchery

41 Phased approach Phase I: Captive broodstock phase (already in progress) Phase II: Re-colonization phase – large smolt production facility dedicated to culture of SR sockeye = SPRINGFIELD Phase III: Local Adaptation phase Springfield Fish Hatchery

42 Phase II: Re-colonization phase Initiate with development of expanded smolt program at Springfield Hatchery Generate anadromous adult returns sufficient to meet broodstock and escapement objectives to lakes Maintain RFL (Eagle Hatchery) program Phase out NOAA safety net entirely Springfield Fish Hatchery

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44 Overview of hatchery site 72 acre parcel owned by IDFG Existing (abandoned) hatchery previously operated as a private trout farm 50 cfs water right Nine artesian wells approx. 250 ft deep Water temp – constant 10.2 C 4 acre public fishing pond Springfield Fish Hatchery

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47 Add pumps to existing; 2 new wells / develop and maintain 50 cfs water right

48 Springfield Fish Hatchery 13,620 square feet hatchery/office / 2,830 square feet shop/storage

49 Springfield Fish Hatchery Three new staff residences (3 bed, 2 bath, den; 1800 sq. ft.; 24’x24’ detached garage)

50 Springfield Fish Hatchery Degassing headbox; maintain artesian / 22 early rearing vats (fiberglass) / office, meeting, lab space

51 Springfield Fish Hatchery 22 (+) production raceways (100’x10’) – kettle design to facilitate loading / metal roof w/full predator exclosure / effluent treatment / truck disinfection station

52 Springfield Fish Hatchery Why not circulars? Linears work for us! Species sensitivity Footprint Cost (dual-drain, overhead structure) Reality = we (industry) are not ready for this yet with Pacific salmon; not interested in leading the charge with endangered stock

53 Sockeye Broodstock Program - Future Rear ~250,000 sockeye smolts in December, 2013 CY17 first 1M smolt production; Project first age 4 returns from Springfield smolt production New record return? Recolonization Phase CY15 initial smolts from Springfield; BY15 ramp up to full production 1,000,000 full term smolts Construction of Springfield Hatchery

54 Project Thanks Idaho Department of Fish & Game Steering Committee Sawtooth, McCall FH Bonneville Power Administration ODFW WDFW NOAA Fisheries Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Nez Perce Tribe LSRCP

55 Questions ? Springfield Fish Hatchery


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