Presentation on theme: "Overview of Current Production Programs Across the Columbia River Basin."— Presentation transcript:
Overview of Current Production Programs Across the Columbia River Basin
Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead Hatchery Production WHO? WHERE? WHY? ……and HOW?
Approximately 143 million salmon and steelhead juveniles are produced and released annually from hatcheries in the Columbia Basin (mouth to headwaters).
Columbia Basin Hatcheries Bonneville Dam Upper Columbia McNary upstream Snake Ice Harbor upstream Lower Columbia Bonneville to McNary Below Bonneville 53 M 90 M
Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead production (in millions) by release area
~90 million salmon and steelhead are released above Bonneville Dam (BON). Accessible to Tribal Treaty Fisheries (Zone 6) U.S. vs. Oregon Management Agreement contains 86 million of these fish –Release location, marking, broodstock, facility
Who Funds Hatchery Production? Idaho Power Company Bureau of Reclamation Corps of Engineers - John Day Mitigation & Dworshak Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (BPA) Mitchell Act Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery Fund Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (BPA) Mid Columbia Public Utility Districts (PUDs) U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Portland General Electric Tacoma Public Utilities State Funds Sports Fish Restoration Funds
Salmon and steelhead production (in millions) above Bonneville Dam by funding agency
Hells Canyon – 1967 blocked passage to 1,600 miles of salmon habitat
The majority of hatchery programs in the Columbia Basin are producing fish to mitigate for the development and operation of the hydrosystem. As long as the dams are in place there is a legal obligation to provide fish. Example: Lower Snake River Compensation Plan – estimated 48% survival reduction….spring/summer Chinook – mitigation responsibility to produce 293,500 adults: 234,800 - harvest 58,700 - escape to Snake River Juvenile Production – 10 M with and SAR of 0.65%
Survival of Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Release to Return
Causes of Juvenile Fish Mortality
Survival of Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook adults – Columbia River Mouth – Snake River 2.3% 3.5%
Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead production below Bonneville Dam – by primary purpose 53 million salmon and steelhead
Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead production above Bonneville Dam – by primary purpose 90 million salmon and steelhead
U.S. vs. Oregon Management Agreement contains 86 million of these fish About 30% (26 million juveniles) of the fish released above BON are produced for supplementation or fishery/supplementation. 67% primarily for harvest.
Ad-clip marking of salmon and steelhead (in millions) in U.S. vs. Oregon Agreement
Who funds Supplementation/Fishery Programs above Bonneville Dam?
ESA Status of salmon and steelhead programs funded or partially funded by BPA FWP ESA listed Snake River fall Chinook Hood River steelhead Northeast Oregon Hatchery Grande Ronde spring Chinook Johnson Creek summer Chinook Tucannon spring Chinook Yankee Fork spring Chinook Snake River sockeye Non Listed Yakima Klickitat Fisheries Project spring Chinook, fall Chinook, coho Umatilla Hatchery spring Chinook, fall Chinook, coho Upper Columbia coho Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery spring Chinook Hood River spring Chinook ESA Listed Non Listed 5.9 M 7.2 M 13 M juveniles produced for supplementation with FWP funding