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History of the IBO International Baccalaureate Organization.

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Presentation on theme: "History of the IBO International Baccalaureate Organization."— Presentation transcript:

1 History of the IBO International Baccalaureate Organization

2 The rise of the International School International schools - emerged in various countries for expatriate populations: UN agencies and international companies - market-driven, ideologically-driven International School of Geneva: ILO, League of Nations - Yokohama International School United Nations International School (UNIS), New York Atlantic College, Wales: (United World College)

3 Early Calls for an International Diploma/Curricula maturité internationale, Adolphe Ferrière, International School of Geneva a UNESCO international diploma: Collège Cévénol and French Minister for Education, André Philip Conference of internationally-minded schools (CIS), convened by UNESCO: international diploma Course for teachers interested in international education (organised by CIS) 50 participants from 17 countries including Australia, Ceylon, India, Pakistan, USA: First “definition” of international education International Schools Association (ISA) established by parents (International School of Geneva) employed in the UN organizations Russell Cook (WHO), Chair European Baccalaureate and mobility (first European schools created 1957) dawning of the IB Diploma Programme at the I.S. of Geneva

4 Development of the IB Diploma Programme Why? - to provide a world perspective - to promote intercultural understanding - to develop international citizenship - to promote critical thinking skills - to facilitate access to higher education world wide Exploratory period ISA conference of teachers of social studies in international schools, Geneva (Ecolint) - Contemporary history syllabus and exam developed (Leach) - report of the ISA consultant Bob Leach : “international baccalaureate” : curriculum development and student assessment work - 58 subject panel meetings International Schools Examination Syndicate (ISES)

5 Development of the IB Diploma Programme Trial examinations IB Office created (registered in 1968 in Geneva) - first Council of Foundation meets In 1968 the following schools participated in trial examinations:  Atlantic College, Wales  International School of Geneva  United Nations International School (UNIS), New York  International College, Beirut  International High School, Copenhagen  Iranzamin International School, Teheran  North Manchester High School for Girls Experimental period first official examinations new sources of funding were needed to go beyond growth of schools: 12 in 1971 to 37 in 1976

6 Development of the IB Diploma Programme Experimental period first official examinations new sources of funding were needed to go beyond growth of schools: 12 in 1971 to 37 in 1976 Standing Conference of Governments (SCG) first inter-governmental conference The Hague second inter-governmental conference London, after which SCG established; member governments gave an annual donation to the IBO Heads Standing Conference (HSC) HSC formed in Geneva to seek annual contributions from IB schools

7 Development of the IB Diploma Programme Standing Conference of Governments (SCG) first inter-governmental conference The Hague second inter-governmental conference London, after which SCG established; member governments gave an annual donation to the IBO Heads Standing Conference (HSC) HSC formed in Geneva to seek annual contributions from IB schools New programmes Middle Years Programme (MYP) Primary Years Programme (PYP)

8 Funding UNESCO - for initial meetings of the CIS (1949) and ISA (1951) - for a number of conferences to discuss international education, notably those of 1950 and 1962 in Geneva - through a series of contracts from 1964 to 1979, for the development of international curricula Total support over this period: US$ 40,000 Ford Foundation development of international curricula at UNIS, US$85, US$ 300,000 to ISES US$200,000 to IBO 20thC Fund US$75,000 to ISES US$75,000 to IBO

9 Funding Other donors 1960s - 70s included: Dulverton Trust£12,000 x 6 years Calouste Gulbenkian FoundationUS$12,000 x 3 years Wenner Gren FoundationUS$6,000 x 3 years UK Dept. of Education and Science £4,800 x 4 years Shah of IranUS$100,000

10 Key People Desmond Cole-Baker - Director International School of Geneva (Ecolint), John Goormaghtigh - Director of the European Office of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace - Treasurer of ISA, Chairman of the Board of the International School of Geneva, Founding President of the IBO Council of Foundation, Bob Leach, Ruth Bonner, Gérard Renaud, Nansi Poirel - staff International School of Geneva (Ecolint) Alec Peterson - Director of Department of Education, Oxford University Oxford Research Unit,

11 Key People Presidents of the Council of Foundation John Goormaghtigh Seydou Madani Sy Piet Gathier Thomas Hagoort Bengt Thelin Greg Crafter Monique Seefried IB Organization Director Generals Alec Peterson Gérard Renaud Roger Peel Derek Blackman George Walker Jeffrey Beard


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