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Plot Subplots Parallel Episodes Feature Menu Setting as Background Setting as Conflict Setting: Mood Your Turn What Are Plot and Setting?

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Presentation on theme: "Plot Subplots Parallel Episodes Feature Menu Setting as Background Setting as Conflict Setting: Mood Your Turn What Are Plot and Setting?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Plot Subplots Parallel Episodes Feature Menu Setting as Background Setting as Conflict Setting: Mood Your Turn What Are Plot and Setting?

2 Plot is the chain of related events that tells you what happens in a story. Plot EVENT 1 What do you think happens next? EVENT 2 Jen challenges Rick to a bike race. Bet I can ride Diamondback Trail faster than you can! Bet you can’t! Jen and Rick meet on the trail.

3 How are the two events linked together? Plot EVENT 1EVENT 2 Jen and Rick meet on the trail. Jen challenges Rick to a bike race. cause/effect Like links in a chain, each event “hooks” our curiosity and pulls us forward to the next event.

4 The story’s exposition introduces characters, settings, and the story’s basic conflict. Plot: Exposition EVENT 1 Jen challenges Rick to a bike race. Jen’s challenge presents a problem to Rick: Should he try to impress Jen by accepting her challenge? Should he avoid defeat or losing her friendship by choosing not to race? OR

5 Plot: Rising Action The story’s rising action describes the series of conflicts faced by the main character. Those conflicts may include forces of nature, such as gravity or strong head winds, or a character’s own feelings.

6 What if we add more events to the chain? Plot: Rising Action EVENT 1EVENT 2 Jen and Rick meet on the trail. Jen challenges Rick to a bike race. Event 3 has made the plot chain more complicated. EVENT 3 Rick’s bike chain slips off. The outcome of the race is no longer a matter of who can bike faster.

7 If Rick can’t repair his chain quickly, he will lose the race. Plot: Rising Action EVENT 3 Rick’s chain slips off. If Jen rides off and leaves Rick stranded, she may win the race but lose Rick’s friendship. Event 3 is called a complication because it makes the plot’s conflict more difficult to resolve.

8 Plot: Rising Action EVENT 1EVENT 2 Jen and Rick race. Jen challenges Rick to a bike race. EVENT 3 ? ? ? What other complications might Rick or Jen face? What would make the story interesting, exciting, or suspenseful?

9 Suddenly, Rick remembers what he learned from his Uncle Eduardo: A story’s climax is the point at which the outcome of the conflict is decided—often in a surprising way. Plot: Climax Rick’s chain is off his bike. Jen is circling back to check on him. 1. how to replace a slipped chain 2. how to impress a girl

10 Where does a story’s climax fit into the plot chain? Plot: Climax The story reaches its climax when the obstacles created by complications are overcome. The climax makes the ending possible.

11 The resolution is the end of the story. It tells how the conflict turned out. Plot: Resolution How was the conflict in this story resolved? Neither Jen nor Rick won the race, but... they took many more bike rides together. [End of Section]

12 Where in the plot would this scene occur? exposition rising action climax resolution Quick Check Paul packed his last pair of jeans in his duffel bag and carried it out to the car. It was time to leave for college. His mom and dad—and Miranda—were waiting with sad smiles on their faces. Paul placed his lucky bottle cap in Miranda’s hand and climbed into the car after saying goodbye. He was surprised to find a little box on the seat next to him. Inside it, on a cushion of cotton balls, was Miranda’s lucky letter charm—M for miracles. [End of Section] Plot

13 Where in the plot would this scene occur? Quick Check Paul packed his last pair of jeans in his duffel bag and carried it out to the car. It was time to leave for college. His mom and dad—and Miranda—were waiting with sad smiles on their faces. Paul placed his lucky bottle cap in Miranda’s hand and climbed into the car after saying goodbye. He was surprised to find a little box on the seat next to him. Inside it, on a cushion of cotton balls, was Miranda’s lucky letter charm—M for miracles. This scene would occur during the resolution. Paul and Miranda part as friends when he leaves for college. Plot

14 Plot: Subplots In addition to the main plot, some stories have subplots. A subplot is a minor plot that is part of the larger story but not as important. Main plot Rick tries to impress Jen by agreeing to a bike race. Subplot Rick thinks little of his uncle’s advice—until Rick finds that he really can use it.

15 Some plots contain parallel episodes: repeated events in a story. Plot: Parallel Episodes Episode 1 Rick’s chain slips off. Rick replaces the chain, and the race continues. Episode 2 Rick’s front tire goes flat. Rick patches the tire, and the race continues. Episode 3 Jen’s brake cable snaps. Rick invites Jen to his uncle’s bike-repair shop.

16 Setting provides a background—a time period and place in which the action occurs. Setting: Setting as Background

17 Writers carefully select images and details to create a setting that draws us into the story. sighthearing the steady beat of the drum the tart apple three hot-air balloons colored the sky taste Setting: Setting as Background

18 smell gritty, wet sand between her toes strong, sweet scent of a rose touch Writers carefully select images and details to create a setting that draws us into the story. Setting: Setting as Background

19 Settings can include the location of a story. Setting: Setting as Background Hong Kong

20 Settings may also include weather time of day time period (past, present, or future) Setting: Setting as Background social customs

21 Quick Check [End of Section] She looked across the sea of people as she made her way through the crowd. The busy waterfront bustled with families eager to enjoy a day at the coast. Bouncing beach balls and colorful towels dotted the sunny boardwalk. Which words in the passage help you imagine where the scene takes place? Setting: Setting as Background

22 Quick Check Which words in the passage help you imagine where the scene takes place? The boldface words describe what can be seen in this setting. Setting: Setting as Background She looked across the sea of people as she made her way through the crowd. The busy waterfront bustled with families eager to enjoy a day at the coast. Bouncing beach balls and colorful towels dotted the sunny boardwalk.

23 Sometimes settings are central to a story’s main conflict: Setting: Setting as Conflict The setting may present a character with his or her main conflict.

24 Quick Check [End of Section] Soon-yi stared at the table. Her grandmother had decorated it carefully, taking great delight in the ancient green tea ceremony. In the center of the table sat the steaming pot of tea, surrounded by delicate cups and saucers the color of pale green jade. Everything was unfamiliar, alien to Soon-yi’s sense of what an American meal should be. Setting: Setting as Conflict Which words that describe the setting help illustrate Soon-yi’s internal conflict?

25 Quick Check Setting: Setting as Conflict The boldface words describe a setting with which Soon-yi feels unfamiliar. Soon-yi stared at the table. Her grandmother had decorated it carefully, taking great delight in the ancient green tea ceremony. In the center of the table sat the steaming pot of tea, surrounded by delicate cups and saucers the color of pale green jade. Everything was unfamiliar, alien to Soon-yi’s sense of what an American meal should be. Which words that describe the setting help illustrate Soon-yi’s internal conflict?

26 stark balmy foggy Mood is the overall atmosphere or effect of a work of literature. A writer’s word choice and the story’s setting often create mood. Setting: Mood

27 menacing peaceful mysterious What adjectives might you use to describe each of the moods illustrated below? dark, foggy warm breezes ice and snow Setting: Mood

28 Quick Check [End of Section] At the most remote end of the crypt there appeared another less spacious. Its walls had been lined with human remains, piled to the vault overhead, in the fashion of the great catacombs of Paris. Three sides of this interior crypt were still ornamented in this manner. from “The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allan Poe What mood is created by the details of this setting? Setting: Mood

29 Quick Check At the most remote end of the crypt there appeared another less spacious. Its walls had been lined with human remains, piled to the vault overhead, in the fashion of the great catacombs of Paris. Three sides of this interior crypt were still ornamented in this manner. from “The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allan Poe What mood is created by the details of this setting? The details create a somber, frightening mood. Setting: Mood

30 Choose a familiar story. It can be from a book, a TV show, or a movie. Use a story map like this one. Describe the key parts of the story’s plot. Make note of any parallel episodes and instances in which the setting affects the plot. Create a new chart for any subplots. Analyze Plot and Setting Your Turn

31 The End


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