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What Is Plot? Elements of Plot Basic Situation Complications Climax Resolution Timing of Events Practice Plot Feature Menu.

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Presentation on theme: "What Is Plot? Elements of Plot Basic Situation Complications Climax Resolution Timing of Events Practice Plot Feature Menu."— Presentation transcript:

1 What Is Plot? Elements of Plot Basic Situation Complications Climax Resolution Timing of Events Practice Plot Feature Menu

2 Funny Signs Around the World

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4 Plot is “what happens” in a story—the sequence of related events that makes a story hang together. What Is Plot? [End of Section]

5 A typical plot has four parts. Climax most exciting/suspenseful moment Resolution problems are resolved Complications new problems arise Basic Situation/Exposition conflict is introduced Elements of Plot [End of Section]

6 wants something very much The first part of a story is the basic situation, or exposition. The writer introduces a character who encounters a conflict while trying to get it Basic Situation

7 External conflict: a struggle between a character and an outside force The main conflict in a story may be internal or external. Internal conflict: a struggle within the character’s own heart or mind External: climbing wall Internal: fear Basic Situation

8 What is the basic situation? What conflict does Bertha face? Quick Check Bertha walked up and down and enjoyed herself immensely, and thought to herself: ‘If I were not so extraordinarily good I should not have been allowed to come into this beautiful park and enjoy all that there is to be seen in it,’ and her three medals clinked against one another as she walked and helped to remind her how very good she really was. Just then an enormous wolf came prowling into the park to see if it could catch a fat little pig for its supper. from “The Storyteller” by Saki Basic Situation [End of Section]

9 Bertha is enjoying a walk in a beautiful park as a reward for her goodness. What is the basic situation? Quick Check Bertha walked up and down and enjoyed herself immensely, and thought to herself: ‘If I were not so extraordinarily good I should not have been allowed to come into this beautiful park and enjoy all that there is to be seen in it,’ and her three medals clinked against one another as she walked and helped to remind her how very good she really was. Just then an enormous wolf came prowling into the park to see if it could catch a fat little pig for its supper. from “The Storyteller” by Saki Basic Situation

10 What conflict does Bertha face? She is threatened by a hungry wolf. Quick Check Bertha walked up and down and enjoyed herself immensely, and thought to herself: ‘If I were not so extraordinarily good I should not have been allowed to come into this beautiful park and enjoy all that there is to be seen in it,’ and her three medals clinked against one another as she walked and helped to remind her how very good she really was. Just then an enormous wolf came prowling into the park to see if it could catch a fat little pig for its supper. from “The Storyteller” by Saki Basic Situation

11 Next, a series of complications arises—events that make the character’s situation more difficult and heighten the suspense. Complication: “... and as she trembled the medal for obedience clinked against the medals for good conduct and punctuality. The wolf was just moving away when he heard the sound of the medals clinking and stopped to listen....” from “The Storyteller” by Saki Complications [End of Section]

12 is the most exciting or suspenseful moment The plot reaches a climax. The climax decides the outcome of the conflict “He dashed into the bush, his pale grey eyes gleaming with ferocity and triumph....” from “The Storyteller” by Saki Climax [End of Section]

13 The last part of the plot is the resolution, or denouement. The problems are resolved in some way. The story ends—sometimes happily, sometimes not. “All that was left of her were her shoes, bits of clothing, and the three medals for goodness.” from “The Storyteller” by Saki Resolution [End of Section]

14 Another important element of plot is the order in which a writer tells the events. Order of Events Chronological order: The writer tells the events in the order in which they happened. Flashbacks: The writer interrupts the present action with a scene or scenes from the past. Flash-forwards: The writer gives a glimpse into the character’s future. Foreshadowing: The writer hints at something that will happen later in the plot. Timing of Events

15 Identify which graphic represents chronological order, flashback, and flash-forward. Quick Check Timing of Events First Next Last In years to come... First Next Last Years ago... FirstNextLast

16 First Next Last In years to come... First Next Last Years ago... FirstNextLast Timing of Events Identify which graphic represents chronological order, flashback, and flash-forward. Quick Check Flash-forward Flashback Chronological order

17 A writer may slow the pace of events to create suspense or dramatize a moment. “There was no suggestion of form in the utter blackness; only could be seen a pair of eyes gleaming like live coals. Henry indicated with his head a second pair, and a third. A circle of the gleaming eyes had drawn about their camp. from “White Fang” by Jack London Then, they saw a circle of gleaming eyes around their camp. Fast Slow [End of Section] Timing of Events

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20 You can chart the plot of a story by using a diagram like the one below. Fill in a plot diagram for a fairy tale or a TV drama you know well. Television and movies make frequent use of flashbacks and foreshadowing. Insert those time tricks on your plot diagram as well. Basic Situation Climax Resolution Complications Event Practice [End of Section]

21 Apply Create your own “story template” cartoons using panels to sum up the parts of a plot. Choose a selection from a book or story you have read. Label the panels that illustrate the four main parts of a plot- basic situation, complications, climax, and resolution.

22 The End


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