Presentation on theme: "Homeric Hymn to Hermes. Homeric Hymns ? Dactylic Hexameter Homer & Hesiod Part of Epic Tradition because of metre and delight in narrative Homeric Hymns."— Presentation transcript:
Homeric Hymn to Hermes
Homeric Hymns ? Dactylic Hexameter Homer & Hesiod Part of Epic Tradition because of metre and delight in narrative Homeric Hymns stylistically closer to Hesiod. Sub-epic language - derivative
Preludes 29 short Hymns 3-50 lines mostly later, C4th on brief eulogies addressed to some god/goddess with little or no narrative. preludes to longer epic recitation? Iliad/Odyssey?
4 Long Hymns 300-600 ls. Demeter, Apollo, Hermes, Aphrodite c. 650-400 b.c. Long Hymns to stand by themselves in recitation? Long Hymns leisurely narration of central episode in deity's mythical biography (Demeter, Aphrodite, Hermes) broader coverage of deity's main aspects (Apollo)
God of Boundaries Phallic God of fertility & good fortune Herma, hermai Road & Boundary Markers Apotropaic function Alcibiades & Sicilian Expedition (415 b.c.)
Herms as Guardians
Zeus & Maia Daughter of Atlas & Pleione Pleiades - 7 sisters
Hermes the Inventor Lyre & First Song! Pipes (Athena?) Drill fire- starter
Hermes the Herald Kerukeion Caduceus “Staff of Wealth & Prosperity” Exchange for promise not to steal anything back from Apollo Iliad & Odyssey: staff puts people to sleep
Hermes Psychopompos Escort of Souls to the Underworld Sole Messenger to Hades
Hermes the Kleptomaniac God of Thieves & Traders God of Flocks & Herds
The Cattle of Apollo Apollo-Helius? Battus Trick sandals and cows dragged backwards / back- to-front shoes.
Hermes Argeiphontes Io - Isis Argus Panoptes
Apollo & Prophecy Augury of Birds, Sneezes & Farts!
Hermes & Prophecy Maiden Trinity Melissae - “honey-priestesses” Thriai? Divination by pebbles
Hermes the Carnivore? "Then glorious Hermes craved for the sacred meat because the sweet savor weakened his resolve, immortal though he was. But not even so was his manly soul prevailed upon, although his holy gullet greatly hankered for the meat."
Hesiodic Explanation Hermes claiming place as 1 of 12 major Olympian gods must abide by their rules. Mekone: mortals send smoke of burnt offerings to gods. Eats meat ---- not 1 of 12
Hermes in Tartarus Baby King of Baby Dead! Frozen at Stage or Condition when Death or Tartarus takes you
Hermes’ Children Hermaphroditus Pan Abderus
Hermaphroditus Child of Hermes & Aphrodite Salmacis Active Female Gaze
Pan God of “auto-eroticism” God of Shepherds Syrinx & Daphnis
Abderus Companion of Herakles Mares of Diomedes
The Liminal God Trade Theft Messenger Living & Dead Male & Female Human & Beast