Presentation on theme: "Omr/gg. The Makers of Greek and Roman Mythology Ovid –Ovid was a prolific Roman poet whose writing influenced Chaucer, Shakespeare, Dante, and Milton."— Presentation transcript:
The Makers of Greek and Roman Mythology Ovid –Ovid was a prolific Roman poet whose writing influenced Chaucer, Shakespeare, Dante, and Milton. Because to understand the corpus of Greco-Roman mythology requires familiarity with Ovid's Metamorphoses since it has shown significance.. Homer – Homer is the man who wrote the two great epics of Greek history: the Iliad and the Odyssey. Both books are considered landmarks in human literature. The details of Homer's life are a mystery Hesiod – One of the earliest Greek poets, he is often called the father of Greek didactic poetry. A native of Boeotia, in central Greece, he has been a professional reciter of poetry Pindar – generally regarded as the greatest Greek lyric poet. Of his complete works 45 odes survive, there are 14 Olympian odes, 12 Pythian odes, 11 Nemean odes, and 8 Isthmian odes.
The Makers of Greek and Roman Mythology Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides: 3 tragic poets who are known as our most important source of knowledge of the myths. Aristophanes: The great writer of comedy and the only representative of Old Comedy whose work we have in complete form. Plato: A classical Greek philosopher, student of Socrates, and founder of the Academy in Athens. Virgil: A Roman writer who didn’t believe in myths but found human nature in them and brought mythological personages to life as no one had done since the Greek tragedians.
Helpful Hints. The most helpful resource to comprehend Greek mythology would be the original story tellers themselves. An example of a story teller is Homer who told the story of the Odyssey.
Who are the twelve gods? Zeus (Jupiter) - The chief god, lord of the sky Hera (Juno) – Zeus’ wife and sister, protector of marriage Poseidon (Neptune) – Zeus’ brother, ruler of the sea, gave the first horse to man Hades (Pluto) – Zeus’ brother, ruler of the underworld and of the dead, god of wealth Athena (Minerva) – daughter of Zeus, protector of civilized life, handicrafts, agriculture, inventor of bridle and she also tamed horses for people to use
The Twelve Gods - Continued! Phoebus Apollo (Apollo) – Son of Zeus and Leto, musician, archer, healer, god of light Artemis (Diana) – Apollo’s twin sister, goddess of the wild things, goddess of the moon Aphrodite (Venus) – goddess of love and beauty, daughter of Zeus and Diane Hermes (Mercury) – son of Zeus and Maia, looked similar to a human and was the messenger god and master thief
Twelve Gods – Continued! Ares (Mars) – god of war, son of Zeus and Hera, They both detested him Hephaestus (Vulcan) – god of fire, son of Zeus and Hera, he was ugly and lame, but he becomes smith in volcano, married to Aphrodite Hestia (Vesta) – Zeus’ sister, virgin goddess, goddess of the hearth and a symbol of home, fires in each city for her that can never be let out