Presentation on theme: "ANNUAL WORLD BANK CONFERENCE ON LAND AND POVERTY MARCH 24 - 27, 2015 WASHINGTON, DC Prabianto Mukti Wibowo Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs Republic."— Presentation transcript:
ANNUAL WORLD BANK CONFERENCE ON LAND AND POVERTY MARCH , 2015 WASHINGTON, DC Prabianto Mukti Wibowo Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs Republic of Indonesia
NOYEAR AREA (Ha) Smallholders%Private%TOTAL% *) *) Prelimenary data Source: Ministry of Agriculture, 2014
NO YEAR PRODUCTION (Ton) Smallholders%Private%TOTAL% , , , , , , , , , , , , , , *) , , *) Prelimenary data Source: Ministry of Agriculture, 2014
EXPORTS OF PALM OIL ( Net Weight in '000 Ton) Country of Destination China2.174,42.032,82.842,12.343,4 Singapore696,8737,2952,1844,0 Malaysia1.489,71.532,61.412,3514,3 India5.290,94.980,05.253,85.634,1 Pakistan90,3279,2749,11.080,3 Bangladesh771,2804,9743,5655,4 Sri Lanka12,725,410,829,4 Egypt488,7790,7494,1735,5 Netherlands1.197,3873,01.358,31.361,4 Germany379,3263,6219,5283,1 Others3.700,64.116,84.809,47.097,1 TOTAL16.291, , , ,0 Source: Statistics Indonesia, 2014
Export ◦ the largest agricultural exports and its most valuable non-oil and gas export. ◦ generated about $15.8 billion in foreign exchange. Employment ◦ absorbed about 5 million workers (at least 15 million people are directly affected by oil palm related employment). ◦ provides more jobs per hectare than other large scale farming (it employs about 0.4 people per hectare), and the jobs are year-round rather than seasonal. Rural Development ◦ local infrastuctures : road, electricity, school, economy activities, etc. Poverty alleviation ◦ The role of palm oil industry in lifting people out of poverty is significant.
Source: Ministry of Forestry, 2014
The government of Indonesia has taken steps to ensure sustainability: 1.Government Regulation 71/2014 on the protection and management of peat land. 2.Presidential Decree No. 6/2013 on the moratorium on issuing new licenses in primary natural forests and peat land. 3.Presidential Decree No. 62/2013 on the establishment of REDD+ National Agency. 4.Regulation of Ministry of Agriculture No. 19/2011 on the Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) standard. 5.Regulation of Ministry of Forestry No. 43/2014, regarding Sustainable Production Forest Management and Timber Legality Verification Standards. Those regulations and standards have some form of prohibition on the clearing of forests and other natural ecosystems including maintenance and enhancement of high conservation values forests (HCV), legal compliance, protection of peat land, and respect for local and indigenous people’s rights to give or withhold free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC).
Lack of clarity on concept and implementation: ◦ What is the scope of deforestation-free commitments? ◦ Is absolutely no conversion of forestland allowed? or is conversion possible within certain bounds? ◦ Is it a stand alone objective or as a component of existing instruments to combat deforestation? Oil palm smallholders may be marginalized by escalating costs and loss of market access for palm oil products. How do we include smallholders and who will bare the cost? How do we involve other stakeholders (producers and local governments)? What are the incentives? Driven by European buyers – trade discrimination? More negative rather than positive perception.
Zero-deforestation committments should not be a trade barrier. Deforestation is all about governance issues and effective implementation. To improve governance, Indonesia is looking for integrated landscape management (ILM) for long-term economic, social and ecological sustainability: ◦ Completing spatial plans at national and sub-national under Law 26/2007 Spatial Planning Act ◦ Moving into one land administration solution --- establishment of Ministry of Agraria and Land-use Plan ◦ One Map policy Can Zero deforestation commitments help to provide momentum, leverage change and effectively implement these initiatives?