2Non-Voting There are lower rates of voting in the off-year elections Non-voting voters: voting for one office on the ballot but not all of them. Also called “ballot fatigue”
3Why people do not voteCannot-voters: not legally allowed to vote or cannot vote(aliens); ill or disabled; travelers; mentally unstable; incarcerated, religious prohibitions; racial biasActual non-voters:could have voted but did not.Those that believe the system works fine and things will be great regardless of if they voteThose that scorn the system and do not trust the political processThose that have no sense of political efficacy
5Comparing voters and non-voters Voters: higher levels of income, education, and occupational status, well integrated into community life, long-time residents who are active in their community, strong sense of party identification, believe voting is important.Non-voters: younger than 35, unmarried, unskilled, live in the South and in rural areas.
6Sociological factors that impact voting (trends) Income, occupationHigher income = RepublicanEducationMore education = more liberal (depending)Gender, ageWomen-Democrat; Men-RepublicanYounger- Democrat; Older- Republican
7Factors that influence voters cont’d Religion, Ethnic BackgroundProtestants: Republican; Catholics/Jews: DemocratAfrican Americans: DemocratLatinos: DemocratGeographySoutherners: used to be Democrat now RepublicanSmaller cities and rural areas = RepublicanFamily and Other GroupsFamily members typically vote in similar waysMarried couples usually vote in similar ways
8Psychological Factors Party identification: the most significant predictor of how a person will vote