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Voters and Voter Behavior Chapter 6. History Suffrage – The right to vote Suffrage – The right to vote Electorate – potential voting population Electorate.

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Presentation on theme: "Voters and Voter Behavior Chapter 6. History Suffrage – The right to vote Suffrage – The right to vote Electorate – potential voting population Electorate."— Presentation transcript:

1 Voters and Voter Behavior Chapter 6

2 History Suffrage – The right to vote Suffrage – The right to vote Electorate – potential voting population Electorate – potential voting population

3 History Initially, the right to vote in America was limited to white male property owners. Initially, the right to vote in America was limited to white male property owners. Today, the size of the American electorate is greater than 200 million people. Today, the size of the American electorate is greater than 200 million people.

4 Extending Suffrage (5 Stages) 1800s - religious, property, and tax payment qualifications were gradually eliminated 1800s - religious, property, and tax payment qualifications were gradually eliminated 1870 – 15 th Amendment (Race) 1870 – 15 th Amendment (Race) 1920 – 19 th Amendment (Gender) 1920 – 19 th Amendment (Gender)

5 Extending Suffrage (5 Stages) 1960s – Voting Rights Act of 1965, 23 rd Amendment (District of Columbia), 24 th Amendment (Poll Tax) 1960s – Voting Rights Act of 1965, 23 rd Amendment (District of Columbia), 24 th Amendment (Poll Tax) 1971 – 26 th Amendment (Voting Age) 1971 – 26 th Amendment (Voting Age)

6 Universal Requirements Three factors Three factors  Citizenship  Residence  Age

7 Other Qualifications States also have restrictions on the right to vote on certain members of the population, such as those found to be mentally incompetent or people convicted of serious crimes. States also have restrictions on the right to vote on certain members of the population, such as those found to be mentally incompetent or people convicted of serious crimes.

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9 Civil Rights and Suffrage 15 th Amendment (1870) 15 th Amendment (1870) Voting Rights Act of 1965 Voting Rights Act of 1965  Elimination of poll tax and literacy tests, preclearance

10 Southern Black Voters (1960-1970)

11 Nonvoters Millions of Americans do not vote when elections are held. Millions of Americans do not vote when elections are held. 50 % voted in the 2000 Presidential election 50 % voted in the 2000 Presidential election 46 % voted for members of House 46 % voted for members of House

12 Nonvoters Most don’t vote because: Most don’t vote because:  voting is in some way inconvenient  they do not believe that their vote will make a difference  they distrust politics and political candidates.

13 Sociological Factors Income and Occupation Education Gender and Age Religious and Ethnic Background Geography Family and Other Groups

14 Psychological Factors Party Identification The loyalty of people to a particular political party is the single most significant and lasting predictor of how a person will vote. Candidates and Issues Candidates and issues are two short-term factors that can influence even the most loyal Democrat or Republican. People may vote out of their chosen party if they dislike a candidate or the party’s stand on a particular issue.

15 You Tell Me! Some people suggest that we should not try to increase voter turnout in this country b/c that would only encourage uninformed voting and result in bad choices made for the wrong reasons. Do you agree or disagree? Why? Some people suggest that we should not try to increase voter turnout in this country b/c that would only encourage uninformed voting and result in bad choices made for the wrong reasons. Do you agree or disagree? Why?


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