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CoE Strasbourg 16/11-2010 Open Source Remote Electronic Voting in Norway Project Manager Henrik Nore Project CSO Christian Bull The Ministry of Local Government.

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Presentation on theme: "CoE Strasbourg 16/11-2010 Open Source Remote Electronic Voting in Norway Project Manager Henrik Nore Project CSO Christian Bull The Ministry of Local Government."— Presentation transcript:

1 CoE Strasbourg 16/ Open Source Remote Electronic Voting in Norway Project Manager Henrik Nore Project CSO Christian Bull The Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development

2 Facts on voting in Norway in electoral roll Parliamentary and local every four years, offset by two years) Infrequent, non-binding referenda proportional electoral system where parties or lists win representatives according to their relative support in the electorate Voters can make changes to the ballot Facts on voting in Norway in electoral roll Parliamentary and local every four years, offset by two years) Infrequent, non-binding referenda proportional electoral system where parties or lists win representatives according to their relative support in the electorate Voters can make changes to the ballot Project scope Why internet-voting? -increase availability -reduce cost long term New central fully integrated voting administrative government owned and operated system(E/I/P- votes) Trials of Internet-voting from home/abroad in 10 municipalities for |2011 elections in in advanced voting period (Not election day, parliament to decide on future for I- voting) Use online electoral roll in polling stations

3 Challenges in Norway Big debate on family voting from April Two municipalities (Oslo and Drammen) changed their mind and withdrew from the project Opposition in parliament (the conservative party) tries to stop internet-voting from home, but the government will go on as planned

4 What are Norways advantages? (and prerequisites for e-voting?) Very high public trust Absolute trust in central election administration Relatively low level of political conflict

5 The Challenges of Remote e-voting in Norway Auditability / transparency to the lay person The buying and selling of votes Coercion / family voting Home computer security Anonymity of the vote Attacks scale

6 Type of election plannedWhenScopeVoters in ER Turnout Youth concil in Ålesund municipality15-18 oct.Internet from home34005,2% Youth concil in BODØ municipality 25-27OctInternet from home40005,2% Non binding referendum in Sandnes2-5Nov. 2010Internet + paper19005,2% (41%) Non binding referendum in Mandal10-11Nov. 2010Internett + paper % Non binding referendum in Vefsn23-25Nov. 2010Internet from home Non binding referendum in Hammerfest30-1Dec. 2010Internet from home7500 Non binding referendum in Bremangerfeb.2011Internet from home 3000 Non binding referendum in Radøyfeb.2011Internet +evote+pvote 3500 Non binding referendum in Tynset15-17feb.2011Internet from home 4100 Non binding referendum in Re10-20mar.2011Internett+paper+scan ning 6200 Local election 2011 in 10 municipalities. ADVANCE VOTING INTERNET 10 aug-12.sept Internet from home+paper+scanni ng County election 2011 in 10 municipalities ADVANCE VOTING INTERNET 10-aug-12.sept Internet from home+paper+scanni ng If rolled out nationally2013-Internet?+ evote?+paper

7 Guidelines on transparency of e-enabled elections 1.Member states should only introduce an e-voting system if public trust in the current electoral system exists.OK 2.Member states should be as transparent as possible in all aspects of e-enabled elections.OK 3.When introducing e-voting, member states should clearly explain the benefits and value-added of an e- voting system. OK 4.Before introducing an e-voting system, member states should analyse changes required to the relevant legal framework. OK 5.Provisions need to be made for domestic and international observersWill do 6.The media and domestic and international observers require access to all relevant documentation on e- voting processes. Will do 7. Member states should make the relevant documentation available to stakeholders well in advance of the pre-election period. Will do 8.Member states should make the relevant documentation available not only in their own language, but also in at least one of the official languages of the Council of Europe. Will do 9.Domestic and international observers and the media should be able to observe the testing of the software and hardware. OK 10.Member states should provide training programmes for domestic and international observer groupsWill do 11.Member states should take appropriate steps to avoid circumstances where the election is dependent on a few major vendors. OK 12.Member states should consider the voting source code as part of the measures to allow for universal auditability OK 13.When applying e-voting in polling stations, member states should consider the use of a second medium to store the vote to improve transparency Alt. Solut. 14.If during an e-enabled election in polling stations where the vote is also stored on a second medium, a mandatory count of the second medium in a statistically meaningful number of randomly selected polling stations should be carried out N.A 15.Member states should develop rules dealing with discrepancies between the mandatory count of the second medium and the official electronic results. N.A. 16.Member States shall gain experience in providing mechanisms that allow voters to check whether their vote was counted as intended OK

8 Transparent e-voting? Complete openness and transparency in all aspects of the project Available source code – Unfortunately cryptography is really, really hard Cryptographic proofs of correctness – Even the voter gets one – The good thing about crypto is that it’s all just math's Immutable logging of all system events

9 Transparent e-voting? Obviously open source won’t make the system understandable to ”everyone” …and extensive use of esoteric cryptography makes things worse…..but at least the lay person can choose which expert to trust. Besides, paper voting really isn’t that transparent either!

10 The voting process in Norway We have copied and enhanced the Estonian method to fit Norwegian requirements Internet-voting for advance voting period You can e-vote as many times you want You can cancel your e-vote by paper-vote on election day This to prevent coersion and buying/selling of votes

11 Encryption and storage of the vote: The double envelope system

12 Return Code Generator Vote Collection Server Voting client Internet Vote verification Mix and count Air gap Conceptual model M of N key shares from parties with competing interests Voter Administrative system Distribution of secrets |

13 In conclusion – what we believe we’ve achieved i Norway New approach to transparency A fully open source system (you must be very clear in procurement process) Vote verification in remote e-voting by use of returncodes Near independence of client side (in)security (o-trust in client, we assume all personal PCs are Excellent auditability and verifiability – Can possibly be improved upon by an N-version architecture Auditing combined with voter observation of returncode replaces the function of the observer in the polling station

14 Conclusion We don’t believe our system is fail-proof, but we believe the cost of hacking our system is grater than the possible gains We see the there are disadvantages by introducing e-voting, but we believe the democratic gain of better availability is grater than the disadvantage Norway will follow the Guidelines on transparency of e-enabled elections

15 For more information, see: evalg.dep.no


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