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1 Henrik Nore, Project Manager E-vote2011project Norway COE workshop observation - Oslo 18.03.2010.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Henrik Nore, Project Manager E-vote2011project Norway COE workshop observation - Oslo 18.03.2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Henrik Nore, Project Manager E-vote2011project Norway COE workshop observation - Oslo

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3 3 Facts on voting in Norway Elections are held bi-annually Alternating (4y) between municipal and county elections, and parliamentary and Sami assembly elections Norway has a proportional electoral system where parties or lists win representatives according to their relative support in the electorate Voters are able to affect which candidates are elected by making individual changes to the ballot. 77% turnout on parliamentary elections (decreasing)

4 4 The E-vote 2011 Project scope Replace current local existing administrative system for paper-votes with a central government owned and operated system (E/I/P-votes) Internet-voting from home/abroad in 2011 elections in in advanced voting period (Not election day) Use online electoral roll in polling stations Enable E-voting in poll stations for advanced voting (internet technology)

5 5 The E-vote 2011 Project scope Add E-voting as supplement to paper- voting (multiple e-votes, cancel e-vote by p-vote) No e-voting in polling station on election day Pilots in 2011 in 11 municipalities and one county (approximately possible voters) If success in 2011, full scale roll-out decided by parliament in 2012

6 6 Implications of Internet voting Internet voting is inherently unobservable Therfore the role of the observers must change Auditing of Internet voting is possible Auditing combined with voter observation replaces the function of the observer in the polling station

7 7 What are Norways advantages? (and prerequisites?) Very high public trust Absolute trust in central election administration Relatively low level of political conflict

8 8 The Black Box Problem The counting of paper ballots is an open and observable process Paper ballots can be recounted E-vote recounts are absurd When you move an open and observable process inside a computer, you introduce a black box problem

9 9 The Black Box Problem Our goal is to make the black box as transparent as possible.

10 10 What have we done so far? Full transparency in procurement process and project Completely open source Use of wide spectrum of reference groups Third party QA Internal QA by Kåre Vollan Complete public ownership to solution Very active in presenting and discussing project

11 11 E-voting and security Secure e-voting is hard. In e-voting, the security requirements are really an operationalization of democratic principles Secure authentication (one voter, one vote) Secrecy of the vote Integrity of the ballot Anti-collusion (every vote counted correctly)

12 12 The double envelope

13 Return Code Generator Vote Collection Server Voting client Internet Vote verification Mix and count End-to-end verification Air gap Conceptual model M of N key shares from parties with competing interests Voter Admnistrative system Distribution of secrets

14 14 Implications of Internet voting Internet voting is inherently unobservable Therfore the role of the observers must change Auditing of Internet voting is possible Auditing combined with voter observation replaces the function of the observer in the polling station

15 15 Questions and answers


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