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Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State HAVA Compliant Voting Systems Security Considerations General Recommendations to Enhance Security and Integrity.

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Presentation on theme: "Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State HAVA Compliant Voting Systems Security Considerations General Recommendations to Enhance Security and Integrity."— Presentation transcript:

1 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State HAVA Compliant Voting Systems Security Considerations General Recommendations to Enhance Security and Integrity of the Ballot This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button Select “Meeting Minder” Select the “Action Items” tab Type in action items as they come up Click OK to dismiss this box This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

2 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Why Is Security Important? –Electronic Systems required by HAVA face intense scrutiny by the media and voter advocacy groups. The machines themselves are secure PROVIDED proper measures are in place to prevent fraudulent activity. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

3 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security How Has Security Changed? –Some of the same security procedures election officials followed pre-HAVA still apply in a post-HAVA environment, including appropriate chain-of-custody and access to machines, etc. PEOPLE are just as important as machines! Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

4 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security What Must I Know About Security? –Security Incident Reporting Arkansas has a mechanism for reporting ANY breach of security, suspicious practice/procedure, or damaged/missing equipment. Form available on Elected Officials Only page of or by requesting copies from the SOS office.www.VoteNaturally.com All Local Election Officials should know about the form and if possible, make the form available to poll workers. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

5 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security What Must I Know About Security? –Security Incident Reporting Forms should be filled out as completely as possible and faxed to the Secretary of State’s legal office IMMEDIATELY at The SOS will follow up with the appropriate entities to conduct an investigation. Security Incidents may be reported by voters, poll workers, or election officials. The important thing is to document the incident! Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

6 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Physical Security Who Has Access, When, & Where This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button Select “Meeting Minder” Select the “Action Items” tab Type in action items as they come up Click OK to dismiss this box This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

7 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Important PHYSICAL Security Do’s & Don’ts –DO keep all voting machines, PEB’s, Memory Cards, ballots, and peripheral equipment in a secure location with restricted access. –DO allow access to election equipment to authorized personnel ONLY (ID is a plus). –DO seal memory cards in the machines. –DO seal communication packs and PEB envelopes. –DO keep track of all keys to the voting machines. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

8 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Important PHYSICAL Security Do’s & Don’ts –DO make sure you can track ballot custody from signoff to tabulation. –DO secure the voted RTAL roll. It is the official ballot for a recount! –DO deliver PEB’s & Memory Cards separately from machines. –DO NOT leave the voting machines unattended for ANY reason until the machine is closed to voting. –DO NOT allow a voter to vote multiple ballots without canceling prior votes. –DO NOT leave PEB’s or memory cards at the polling site! Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

9 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Password Security General Password Tips This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button Select “Meeting Minder” Select the “Action Items” tab Type in action items as they come up Click OK to dismiss this box This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

10 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Important PASSWORD Security Do’s & Don’ts –DO run standard password controls. –DO change passwords regularly. –DO NOT share user name or password information. –DO NOT share passwords with poll workers for any function other than the main menu. –DO NOT write passwords down. –DO NOT allow a terminated employee’s password to remain active. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

11 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Network, Hardware & Software Security Tips About Unity Laptops This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button Select “Meeting Minder” Select the “Action Items” tab Type in action items as they come up Click OK to dismiss this box This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

12 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Important NETWORK Security Do’s & Don’ts –DO use your Unity Laptop ONLY for Election Management. –DO NOT install unauthorized software onto ANY election PC. –DO NOT connect your Unity Laptop to the Internet or other unsecured network. –DO NOT modem results from the polling site. –DO NOT allow installation of Unity Software on other PC’s. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

13 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Important SOFTWARE Security Do’s & Don’ts –DO make a backup copy of your EDM file and store in a secure location. –DO limit password access to the Unity software. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

14 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting Machine Security Checking and Double- Checking Your Machines This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button Select “Meeting Minder” Select the “Action Items” tab Type in action items as they come up Click OK to dismiss this box This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

15 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Important VOTING MACHINE Do’s and Don’ts –DO perform Logic & Accuracy Tests, including the reporting of results through ERM. TEST TEST TEST!!! –DO clear and test the machine before Election Day. –DO clear and test the PEB’s before Election Day! –DO clear test results from ERM before Election Day! –DO make sure the machine public count is ZERO before voting begins. –DO NOT allow a voter PEB access! Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

16 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Important BALLOT INTEGRITY Tips –DO periodically check machine public count with the poll book count. –DO have separate people receive and scan the ballots. –DO validate precinct results with ERM report. –DO NOT allow unauthorized access to paper or electronic ballots. –DO double-check & record materials delivery and complete a ballot accounting log. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

17 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Security and Integrity of Your Voting System: Reference Documents –Election Incident Reporting Form –Election Information Sensitivity Guidelines (What Voting System Information Is Prohibited from Release?) –ES&S “Tips for a Secure Election.” –Materials Available at Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

18 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Frequently Asked Questions About Security of HAVA Compliant Voting Systems What Everyone Reads in the Paper This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button Select “Meeting Minder” Select the “Action Items” tab Type in action items as they come up Click OK to dismiss this box This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

19 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Frequently Asked Questions –How Do I know My Vote Counts? Voter may verify his or her vote on paper record at the machine. That (RTAL) record is the official ballot in the case of a recount. The vote is recorded internally (3 different locations), on a separate memory card, in the PEB and on the RTAL printout. When in doubt, these records can be cross- checked against each other. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

20 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Frequently Asked Questions –How Do I know My Vote Counts? For optical scan, the original paper ballot can be consulted in cases of a recount. For all machines, precinct totals can be verified against countywide totals produced through ERM. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

21 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Frequently Asked Questions –Can the results be manipulated by Internet hackers? Arkansas DOES NOT modem results from the precinct to the Courthouse. The Unity laptop should NOT be connected to the Internet. Neither the Internet nor networked machines/PC’s are involved in reading and tabulating results. Reporting of results to the is done through a secure network with user name and password login.www.arelections.org Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

22 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Frequently Asked Questions –Can a voter insert something into the machine to destroy the programming or manipulate the election? The voter does not activate the machine. Only the poll worker has access to the PEB’s. The PEB only “talks” to the machine and the PEB reader at a secure location. It cannot be read or inserted into any other computer. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

23 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Frequently Asked Questions –What about studies that say Windows programs are vulnerable to hacking? Arkansas’s voting system uses proprietary software that performs Election functions only, nothing else. The software is NOT Windows-based. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

24 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State Voting System Security Frequently Asked Questions –How Can I Be Sure the Votes are Tabulating Properly? TEST TEST TEST! This cannot be stressed enough. When you receive your Election materials you MUST test them to ensure the machines AND the ERM software are programmed accurately. Successful testing ensures accurate results. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State

25 Charlie Daniels Arkansas Secretary of State HAVA Compliant Voting Systems Security Considerations General Recommendations to Enhance Security and Integrity of the Ballot This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button Select “Meeting Minder” Select the “Action Items” tab Type in action items as they come up Click OK to dismiss this box This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered. Mark Martin Arkansas Secretary of State


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