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Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Bioenergy: Short status of the situation in Denmark Kathrine Hauge Madsen

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Presentation on theme: "Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Bioenergy: Short status of the situation in Denmark Kathrine Hauge Madsen"— Presentation transcript:

1 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Bioenergy: Short status of the situation in Denmark Kathrine Hauge Madsen

2 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Content Production of energy in Denmark Biomass production for energy Solid fuels Transport fuels Crops for biogas production New energy policy announced by Danish government 19 January 07 11% of energy consump. 0,1% - 0-?% -

3 North sea oil Oil production of primary energy Danish Energy Authority 2006

4 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Peter B. Nissen from Danish Energy Authority 2006 Oil production, consumption and prediction for Denmark ? Technology

5 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Energy production in Denmark Danish Energy Authority 2006

6 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Available resources of waste/secondary biomass Danish Energy Authority 2006

7 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Straw in the Danish energy supply Danish Energy Authority 2006

8 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Prohibited to burn cereal grains in boilers larger than 250 kW § 13. The board cannot approve coal, and products which may be use for food, including fish- and oilseed rape oil, surplus butter, cereals etc. as fuels for the public heating plants Danish legislation concerning new projects in the public heating supply sector Ethical concerns about use of food products in a world where some people starve

9 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Energy crops in Denmark 2006 TypeHaPercent Oilseed rape ,26 Willow (Salix)1.5010,06 Miscanthus640,002 Proportion of Danish arable land Below 5% DFFE, November 06 ( )

10 Willow (Salix) Low level of nitrate leaching Higher density of animals Income from hunting Different pattern of work load Grows for years Harvested during winter Reasonable economy DKK pr. ha Option to use sewage sludge for fertilizing crop

11 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Market for wood chips and pellets in Denmark Wood pellets Wood chips Danish Energy Authority 2006

12 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre 1. vs. 2. Generation bioethanol 1. Generation known technology Cereals, maize, sugar beets, sugar cane 2. Generation under development Use of whole plants and waste products, but needs to be scaled up Bio95 introduced 30 May 2006

13 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre IBUS: 1 ton straw per hour Pretreatment equipment Anne Belinda Thomsen, Risø Maxifuel pilot plant ethanol and biogas Birgitte Ahring, DTU

14 Biogas plants in Denmark 4-5% of the Danish slurry production 19 Centralized plants 60 farm scale plants Guarantied price on electricity produced 0.60 DKK per kWh ~ 0.08 € 0.45 DKK per kg dry matter Limited amounts of organic waste Interest for energy crops Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen

15 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre Energy crops for biogas production – Contribution margin after machinery costs

16 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre New energy plan 2025, 1 Renewable energy in percent of total energy consumption DK-2025 EU-2020

17 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre New energy plan 2025, 2 Renewable energy at least 30% by 2025 More biomass for co-generated heat and electricity Triple the use of biogas Establish 50 large plants Biofuels for transport 10% by 2020 Before 2010 full scale research refineries for 2. generation bioethanol Provided economical and environmentally sustainable technology is available…. Waste/secondary products (waste, straw, slurry) Currently debated in the Danish parliament

18 New energy plan 2025, 3 Example: 30% renewable energy by 2025 Waste Biogas Straw and wood Windpower Heat pumps, solar cells etc.

19 Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre DK total energy consumption constant Same level as in the 1970s Research/development doubled 1 billion DKK Aim: less dependency of fossil fuels Currently negotiated with the Danish parliament New energy plan 2025, 4


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