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© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Alabama Retail is committed to partnering with our members to create and keep safe workplaces. Be sure to check out all of the training tools that are available in our Safety Library. This training tool is brought to you by
Hand Tool Safety
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Learning Objectives You will be able to: Identify the hazards of hand tools Take precautions against injury Understand common safety practices for specific types of tools
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Types of Hand Tools Hand tools include anything from axes to wrenches Other common examples include screwdrivers, hammers, punches, handsaws, chisels, files, snips, axes, knives, box cutters, wrenches, pry bars, hooks, and pliers
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Hand Tool Hazards Greatest hazards of hand tools result from misuse and improper maintenance Using a screwdriver as a chisel and the tip breaks Wooden handle is damaged and the head of the hammer flies off Wrench, with jaws sprung, slips and your hand strikes another object Impact tool, such as a chisel, with a mushroomed head shatters into fragments
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Hand Tool Hazards (cont.) Cut from a knife or saw blade Struck by flying debris Puncture with a sharp tool Abrasions and contusions Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) from repetitive misuse of a tool
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Hand Tool Hazards—Any Questions? Any questions about the hazards of using hand tools?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Selecting the Right Tool Consider the shape, size, and grip of the tool Consider the quality of the tool Use spark-resistant tools when working near flammable materials Use insulated tools when working near electricity
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Consider Tool Ergonomics Handles with no sharp edges or finger grooves Handles coated with soft material Handles with non-slip surfaces Tools with angle for working with straight wrist Tools designed to work in either hand Spring-loaded to return to open position
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Carrying Tools Toolbox, belt, or pouch Never carry sharp tools in your pocket Hold sharp edges or points away from body Don’t carry tools in your hand when climbing ladders Keep tools out of walkways and edges Hand tools to others, do not throw them
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Maintaining and Repairing Your Tools Purchase quality tools Inspect for damaged edges and handles Keep edges and tips sharp Replace damaged handles Report broken or damaged tools Tag damaged tools “Do Not Use”
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 General Hand Tool Safety Practices Make sure observers are at a safe distance Clear the immediate work area Keep floors clean and dry Secure work with a vise, clamp, or other support Examine tools before each use
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 General Hand Tool Safety Practices (cont.) Wear PPE appropriate for the work Keep cutting tools sharp and in good condition Do not wear loose clothes or jewelry Mark damaged tools clearly and notify your supervisor Do not work with oily or greasy hands
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 General Hand Tool Safety Practices (cont.) Use the right size and type of tool for the job Do not use tools that are loose or cracked Do not put tools on the edge of tables After using a tool, clean it and put it back in its proper place
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Hand Tool Hazards—Any Questions? Any questions regarding selecting hand tools? Any questions regarding the inspection and maintenance of hand tools? Any questions regarding general hand tool safe practices?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Screwdriver Safety Choose flat head or Phillips Use correct size head Power grip handle should be 1-1/4” to 2” diameter Precision grip handles should be 1/4” to 1/2” diameter Do not use as a pry bar or chisel
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Hammer Safety Inspect the handle for damage Make sure hammer head is firmly attached to handle Hold with a power grip Keep other hand away
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Punch Safety Inspect the point Inspect the impact head Hold punch straight up Strike the head squarely with hammer
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Chisel Safety Inspect the blade Inspect the handle Do not use if impact head is mushroomed Point blade away from your body
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 File Safety Make sure blades are clean and sharp Inspect the handle File with a motion away from your body Do not try to pry or hammer with a file
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Hand Snips Safety Blades are sharp Handle grips are in good condition Spring-loaded handles return to open position Wear cut-resistant gloves Cut away from your body
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Axe Safety Inspect handle for damage Axe head is firmly attached to handle Use power grip Keep other hand away Use 2-handed axe properly Swinging motion will not strike your body
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Knife Safety Inspect the blade Check the handle Carry knife safely Cut away from your body Wear cut-resistant gloves Secure object you are cutting
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Box Cutter Safety Inspect the blade Check the handle Close the blade when not in use Cut away from your body Wear cut-resistant gloves Secure object you are cutting
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Wrench Safety Inspect wrench jaws Select non-slip, soft- coated handles Turn wrenches toward your body Clear area around wrench work Do not use a “cheater bar” for leverage
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Crow and Pry Bar Safety Inspect for signs of damage Wear work gloves Do not hammer into place unless designed for it Pull in a smooth motion; do not jerk
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Handsaw Safety Make sure the blade is sharp Inspect the handle Secure the object in a vise or clamps Cut in a smooth motion Wear cut-resistant gloves
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Plier Safety Inspect for damage Use pliers with soft, non-slip grips Use locking pliers when continuous force is needed Select pliers that can be used in either hand
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Hand Tool Safety—Any Questions? Any questions about safety procedures for particular tools?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0512 Key Points to Remember Maintain tools Use the right tool for the job Examine each tool for damage before use Operate tools in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions Use the proper PPE
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