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A- Authoritarian v. Democratic v. Laissez Faire Leadership B- Back Stage v. Front Stage C-Conflict Theory D-Deviance E-Ethnocentrism F-Functionalism G-Gemeinchaft.

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Presentation on theme: "A- Authoritarian v. Democratic v. Laissez Faire Leadership B- Back Stage v. Front Stage C-Conflict Theory D-Deviance E-Ethnocentrism F-Functionalism G-Gemeinchaft."— Presentation transcript:

1 A- Authoritarian v. Democratic v. Laissez Faire Leadership B- Back Stage v. Front Stage C-Conflict Theory D-Deviance E-Ethnocentrism F-Functionalism G-Gemeinchaft v. Gessellschaft H-Hirschi Study 2001 I-Id, Ego, Superego J-De jure v. De facto Discrimination K-Kholberg’s Theory of Moral Development L-Labeling Theory M-Mechanical v. Organic Solidarity N-Norms, Folkways, Mores, Laws, Sanctions O-Out group v. In group P- Piaget’s Theory of Socialization Q-Questionaires R-Role Conflict v. Role Strain S- Status Inconsistency T-Thomas Theorem U-Civil Union v. Marriage V-Values W-White Collar Crime X-Xenophobia Y-Symbolic Interactionism Z-Zimbardo Prison Experiment By Megan Ramirez

2 IS FOR: Authoritarian v. Democratic v. Laissez Faire Styles of Leadership Authoritarian they lead by giving orders Democratic they leads by trying to reach a compromise Laissez Faire they lead by being easy going and giving people a lot of freedom (not that effective)

3 IS FOR: Back Stage v. Front Stage Back Stage Where you let your hair down Ex. home Front Stage Where we play our assigned roles Ex. when at work, school

4 IS FOR: Conflict Theory Conflict Theory Key to human history is class conflict Bourgeoisie (wealthy) v. proletariat (workers) All about power and competition Karl Marx! “social living is a contest”

5 IS FOR: Deviance Deviance the violation of norms, rules, or expectations The reactions to the act is what makes it deviant Ex. Criminals

6 IS FOR: Ethnocentrism Ethnocentrism Use your culture to judge another (“Eating a monkey is gross”) Thinking your group is better that another for no good reason!!! Leads to negative feelings about “their” behavior Gives us the right to take over other countries/ have slaves

7 IS FOR: Functionalism Functionalism Life is like a body Contributions made by each part of society Change in one part of society leads to changes in all parts of society 4 Types Function- positive; keeps group together Dysfunction-negative; hurts group Manifest- main or intended purpose Latent- unintended outcome

8 IS FOR: Gemeinchaft v. Gessellschaft Gemeinchaft Intimate community personal relationships with family and friends Gessellschaft Impersonal association Most time spent with strangers

9 IS FOR: Hirschi Study 2001 Hirschi Study 2001 Deviance depends on the bonds between society and the individual Social bonds formed with attachment, commitment involvement, and belief

10 IS FOR: Id, Ego, Superego Freud and Personality Id Inborn basic drives to avoid pain, seek pleasure etc. Ego Balancing force between the id and superego Superego Our conscience

11 IS FOR: De Jure v. De facto Discrimination De Jure Discrimination “by law” Ex. Plessy v. Ferguson segregation in schools and other public places ”separate but equal” De facto Discrimination “by fact” Ex. After Brown v. Board of Education Segregation not constitutional but people still discriminate

12 IS FOR: Kholberg’s Theory of Moral Development Kholberg’s Theory of Moral Development Amoral (0-6 yrs) Preconventional (7-10) Conventional (10-18?) Post Conventional (adult+)

13 IS FOR: Labeling Theory Labeling Theory Idea that the labels people are given affect their own and others’ perceptions of them The result is that people channel their behavior into either deviance or conformity

14 IS FOR: Mechanical v. Organic Solidarity Mechanical People perform similar tasks Shared values and beliefs Ex. Farmers-hard work, religion? Organic Interdependence in an industrial society No shared values—might not have anything in common except that they need each other to work Ex. Factory workers—assembly line, need everyone to make a specific part What holds society together?

15 IS FOR: Norms, Folkways, Mores, Laws, Sanctions Norms-specific guideline for behavior (no smoking) Folkways-everyday habits/manners (don’t talk with full mouth) Mores- norms vital to well being of society and to our values (no incest) Laws- government’s rules (murder) Sanctions- punishment for violating norms/ reward for following them (jail, honor roll)

16 IS FOR: Out group v. In group In group a group you are part of Ex. VHHS students, share school pride, classes, and clubs Out group a group you are not a part of For every in group there is an out group

17 IS FOR: Piaget’s Theory on Socialization Piaget’s Theory on Socialization Well accepted Stages are fluid 4 stages Sensory Motor Stage (0-2 yrs) Pre-Operatinal Stage (2-7) Concrete Operationl Stage (7-12) Formal Operational Stage (12+)

18 IS FOR: Questionnaires=Surveys Questionnaires=Surveys Most common for reasearch Sample=number of people or types of people picked to answer questions Random= Ex. People on street Representative= Ex. 50% of VHHS

19 IS FOR: Role conflict v. Role strain Role conflict Too many things to do/expectations and not enough time in the day!!!! Ex.—come home and study? Prep for club? Talk with family? Role strain More of a moral dilemma Ex. Lance Armstrong—do drugs and win dishonestly or no drugs and don’t win?

20 IS FOR: Status Inconsistency Status Inconsistency Have some status characteristics that are relatively high and some that are relatively low Ex. A poor person wins the lottery +

21 IS FOR: Thomas Theorem Thomas Theorem what you think is real is real

22 IS FOR: Civil Union v. Marriage Different kinds of families Marriage Legal union with mutual rights and obligations Ex. Tax and insurance benefits; if one dies, other still has to pay the mortgage Civil Union Recognition of association by state Also includes things like tax and insurance benefits and DNR But! Not all states recognize civil unions so have to stay in state where it is recognized or lose these benefits

23 IS FOR: Values Values General idea that people share about what is good or bad Ex. Civil rights, hard work 5 elements important to Americans Leisure Self-fulfillment Physical fitness Youthfulness Concern for environment Hard work

24 IS FOR: White Collar Crime White Collar Crime Crimes high status people commit usually as they do their jobs Ex. Insider trading, tax evasion, embezzement These money crimes lead to less jail time than people crime

25 IS FOR: Xenophobia Xenophobia irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries

26 IS FOR: SYmbolic Interactionism SYmbolic Interactionism Cooley and Meade Symbol=stands for something that has agreed meaning (Ex. Love, flag) Defines what one should and shouldn’t do Defines oneself and others

27 IS FOR: Zimbardo Prison Experiment Zimbardo Prison Experiment Experiment where some college students played the role of guards while others played the role of prisoners Not long after the experiment started, the “gaurds” were psychologically torturing the “prisoners” The experiment had to be stopped after just six days

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