Presentation on theme: "Chapter 2 Ethics in Our Law"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 2 Ethics in Our Law Lesson 2-1, What is Ethics?
2 Survey of Ethical Theoretic Aptitudes Ethics – deciding what is right or wrong in a reasoned, impartial mannerEthical decisionsdecision must affect you or others in some significant way.Base decision on reason, not emotions
3 Impartial DecisionsImpartiality is the idea that the same ethical standards are applied to everyoneSelf-interest needs to be balanced with needs of othersDo not value one person or group more than any otherEach person is an individual and should receive equal respect and considerationOrganizations and institutions – consider how the people associated with these are affected
4 Business EthicsBusiness Ethics – the ethical principles used in making business decisionsProblem of Profit Maximization: move factories offshore and cut jobs in order to reduce costs and produce greater short-term profitsAssignment: Page 21, #1 - 11
5 Chapter 2 Ethics in Our Law Lesson 2-2Reasoning aboutRight and Wrong
6 Basic Forms of Ethical Reasoning 1. based on consequencesbased on the results of the actionan act that produces a good consequence is goodan act that produces a bad consequence is bad2. based on ethical rulesacts are either right or wronglying – wrong telling the truth – rightcannot justify lying
7 Ethical Reasoning Based on Consequences 1. describe alternative actions2. forecast consequences3. evaluate consequencesThe Good – the standard for judging right or wrongInvolves alternative basic goals such as love, justice, truth and pleasure
8 Fundamental Ethical Rules – acts themselves are judged as right or wrong- uses a recognized authority or human reasoning
9 Decisions based on Authority -- Law or religion – based on Torah, Koran, Bible Decisions based on ReasoningUniversalizing – picturing in your mind’s eye everyone in the world doing the action
10 Moral Rights – rightful claims on other people that flow from each persons’ status as a human being
11 Chapter 2 Ethics in Our Law Lesson 2-3How is Ethics Expressedin Our Laws?
12 People directly or indirectly determine the laws that bind them by electing representatives Majority Rule – elected representatives vote for laws acceptable to the majority of people they representOur system mainly uses consequences-based ethicsLaws are judged to be right or good when they affect the majority of the people positively
13 Our Laws Reflect Rule-Based Ethics Laws desired by the majority sometimes conflict with moral rights -- SlavesCivil Rights (or civil liberties) – personal, human rights recognized and guaranteed by the ConstitutionThere are limits to majority rule – when the will of the majority conflicts with basic human rights, our legal system protects individual rights
14 Our Ethical Goals Reflected in Our Laws Read page 27Need a consistent rule to assure order and predictability
15 Why Are We Obligated to Obey Laws? ethical reasoning demands itwhen law is violated, many more people are injured than are benefitedwe have agreed to obey it we have accepted the benefits of the society
16 Integrity – the capacity to do what is right even in the face of temptation or pressure to do otherwiseby obeying it we avoid punishmentfidelity bond – an insurance policy that pays the employer money in the case of theft of employees
17 Are We Ever Justified in Violating the Law? Civil disobedience – an open, peaceful violation of a law to protest its alleged injusticeScofflaws – persons who do not respect the lawAssignment: Page 29, 1-11
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