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ELACC5RF3: Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. a. Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences,

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Presentation on theme: "ELACC5RF3: Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. a. Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences,"— Presentation transcript:

1 ELACC5RF3: Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. a. Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multi-syllabic words in context and out of context. How can I use the syllabication strategy to help decode unknown words?

2 Words with two or more syllables are multisyllabic words. One way to read longer words is to learn syllable patterns. Once you can break them into syllables, you’ll be able read multisyllabic words more easily.

3 Almost all syllables fall into one of these categories: Closed Syllables Open Syllables Vowel Team Syllables Consonant + le Syllables R- Controlled Vowel Syllables Vowel + Consonant + e

4 Closed Syllables A closed syllable is a syllable that ends with a consonant. The words fan, am, and left have closed syllables. Multisyllabic words have closed syllables too. For example, a two-syllable word with the vowel-consonant/consonant- vowel pattern may have one or two closed syllables. You can divide the word by syllables between the two consonants. swallow—swal low hotdog—hot dog happen—hap pen problem—prob lem

5 Which word has a closed first syllable? 1. rabbit, raisin 2. cobbler, cobra 3. bagels, flapjacks 4. goblet, gopher 5. mighty, mitten

6 Which word has a closed first syllable? 1. rabbit, raisin 2. cobbler, cobra 3. bagels, flapjacks 4. goblet, gopher 5. mighty, mitten

7 Divide these words into syllables. (Divide them between the closed syllable and the rest of the word. 6. punish 7. proper 8. lemon 9. comet 10. minute

8 6. pun-ish 7. prop-er 8. lem-on 9. com-et 10. min-ute Did you divide them correctly?

9 Open Syllables An open syllable ends with a long vowel sound. The words be and me have open syllables.

10 Some multisyllabic words have an open syllable in the middle of the word. These words have the vowel/consonant-vowel pattern. pilot—pi lot bacon—ba con Some multisyllabic words have a pattern with a syllable break between two vowels. This is called the vowel/vowel pattern. For example, the word fuel has a syllable break between the u and the e. poem—po em

11 The vowel/vowel pattern is also found in words with more than two syllables. idea—i de a Break these words into syllables. Click to check your answers. 1. humor 2. pilot 3. lazy 4. legal 5. profile 6. frozen

12 1. humor hu mor 2. pilotpi lot 3. lazyla zy 4. legalle gal 5. profile pro file 6. frozen fro zen hu- open, mor- closed pi- open, lot- closed la- open, zy- open le- open, gal- closed pro- open, file-closed fro- open, zen- closed

13 7. diary 8. piano 9. minus 10. meteor 11. poet 12. riot 13. valley 14. casual Working with a partner, divide these words into syllables. Label the types of syllables. (open or closed) Click to check your answers.

14 7. diary di ar y (open, closed, open) 8. piano pi an o (open, closed, open) 9. minus mi nus (open, closed) 10. poet po et (open, closed) 11. riot ri ot (open, closed) 12. valleyval ley (closed, open) 13. casual cas u al (closed, open, closed) Working with a partner, divide these words into syllables. Label the types of syllables. (open or closed) Click to check your answers.

15 Vowel Team Syllables Every word has one or more syllables, and every syllable contains one vowel sound. Some vowel sounds are spelled with two letters. These letters form a vowel team. When a vowel team is in a word, it appears in the same syllable. tainted boating looking

16 Often in vowel teams, the first vowel is long, and the second vowel is silent. When you read a syllable that contains a vowel team, try the long sound first. If the word does not sound right, then try another vowel sound. sounded Monday toasted untie looking painted

17 1. raining 2. grounded 3. Sunday 4. eighty 5. floated 6. bookshelf 7. meanest 8. soapbox 9. weightlifter 10. potpie Divide each word into syllables. Then underline the vowel team in each word. Click to see the answers.

18 1. rainingrain ing 2. groundedground ed 3. SundaySun day 4. eightyeight y 5. floatedfloat ed 6. bookshelfbook shelf 7. meanestmean est 8. soapboxsoap box 9. weightlifter weight lift er 10. potpiepot pie Divide each word into syllables. Then underline the vowel team in each word. Click to see the answers.

19 Consonant + le Syllables When a word ends in -le, those letters and the consonant before them form the last syllable. han dle stub ble min gle fid dle ta ble If the syllable before the last syllable ends in a vowel, it is an open syllable and has a long vowel sound. If the syllable before the last syllable ends with a consonant, it is a closed syllable and has a short vowel sound.

20 Read each consonant + le word below. Divide each into syllables and tell what type of syllables they are. Click for the answers. 1. stable 2. maple 3. candle 4. gentle 5. single

21 1. stable sta ble (open, consonant + le) 2. maple ma ple (open, consonant + le) 3. candlecan dle (closed, consonant + le) 4. gentlegen tle (closed, consonant + le) 5. singlesin gle (closed, consonant + le)

22 Read each consonant + le word below. Divide each into syllables and tell what type of syllables they are. Click for the answers. 6. bubble 7. fable 8. apple 9. eagle 10. little

23 Read each consonant + le word below. Divide each into syllables and tell what type of syllables they are. Click for the answers. 6. bubble bub ble (closed, consonant +le) 7. fablefa ble (open, consonant + le) 8. apple ap ple (closed, consonant + le) 9. eagleea gle (open, consonant + le) 10. littlelit tle (closed, consonant + le)

24 Vowel-r Syllables The letter “r” is bossy and changes the sound of the vowel that comes before it. The vowel and the r that follows it will always be in the same syllable. motor- mo tormessier- mess i er shirt- shirt (only one syllable!)

25 1. spider 2. brother 3. collar 4. dollar 5. jogger 6. scholar Divide these words into syllables. The vowel and the r that follows it will always be in the same syllable. Label the types of syllables.

26 1. spiderspi der(open, vowel-r) 2. brotherbroth er(closed, vowel-r) 3. collarcol lar(closed, vowel-r) 4. dollardol lar(closed, vowel-r) 5. jogger jog ger(closed, vowel-r) 6. scholarschol ar(closed, vowel-r) 7. harmonicahar mon i ca (vowel-r, closed, open, open)

27 Vowel Consonant + e A syllable with a long vowel, spelled with one vowel + one consonant + silent e. compete - com petedespite - des pite sunshine - sun shine mistake - mis- take

28 1.debate 2.hide 3.include 4.resale 5.upgrade 6. reptile Divide these words into syllables. The vowel and the r that follows it will always be in the same syllable. Label the types of syllables.

29 1.debatede bate (open, VCe*) 2.hidehide (VCe) 3.includein clude(closed, VCe) 4.resalere sale(open, VCe) 5.upgradeup grade(closed, VCe) 6. reptilerep tileclosed, VCe) *VCe= vowel consonant + e

30 Divide the following words into syllables, labeling the syllable types. 1.handle 2. haven 3. spider 4. meager 5. replay 6. remain 7. prevail 8. teacher

31 Divide the following words into syllables, labeling the syllable types. 1. handlehan dle(closed, c+le) 2. havenha ven(open, closed) 3. spiderspi der(open, vowel +r) 4. meagermea ger(open, vowel + r) 5. replayre play(open, closed) 6. remain re main(open, closed) 7. prevailpre vail(open, closed) 8. teacherteach er(closed, vowel +r)

32 Being familiar with syllable types will help you better attack unknown words. Draw a table on your paper like this: OpenClosedVowel Team Consonant +leVowel-RVCe motelnotjoiningcapableshoresalone When you read your A.R. book, go on a scavenger hunt to find words that have these syllable types. Underline the syllable the correct syllable in each word. An example is listed in each category. Try to find at least three more for each category.


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