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Penguin Chick Author: Betty Tatham Illustrator: Helen K. Davie Genre: Expository Nonfiction Skill: Main Idea/Details.

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Presentation on theme: "Penguin Chick Author: Betty Tatham Illustrator: Helen K. Davie Genre: Expository Nonfiction Skill: Main Idea/Details."— Presentation transcript:

1 Penguin Chick Author: Betty Tatham Illustrator: Helen K. Davie Genre: Expository Nonfiction Skill: Main Idea/Details

2 Question of the Day How do the mother and father penguin work together to take care of their chick?

3 Objectives: Use word parts to decode words with syllable patterns V/CV, VC/V. Review vowel diphthongs ou, ow/ou/ and oi, oy/oi/. Blend and read V/CV, VC/V words and words that contain vowel diphthongs. Apply decoding strategies: blend longer words. Phonics

4 Dividing words up into syllables can help you decode longer words. lemon pilot These words have just one consonant in the middle. From looking at the words, we can't tell if the consonant goes with the first syllable or the second syllable. If the consonant ends the first syllable (cover on in lemon), the vowel sound is short. If it goes with the second syllable (cover mon in lemon), the vowel sound is long.

5 Phonics lemonpilot If I don't know a word like this, I can try saying it with a long e: le mon. That doesn't sound right, so I'll try a short e in the first syllable: lem on. That's a word I know! The short vowel sound must be correct. Let’s try pilot. Try both the long i and short i sounds. Blend the word with me.

6 Decode Longer Words Read these words and then identify the vowel sound in the first syllable. sev/en la/bor fi/nest na/tion hu/man div/ide prov/ince rap/id

7 Read Words in Context Read these sentences and identify the vowel sound in the first syllable of the underlined words: The child stared unhappily at the broken toy. As soon as the music started, we got quiet. My mother is a member of the Senate.

8 Vocabulary Strategy p Objective: Find synonyms in context clues to determine the meaning of unknown words.

9 Vocabulary Strategy Sometimes when you are reading, you come across a word you don’t know. The author may give you a synonym for the word. A synonym is a word that has the same or almost the same meaning as another word.

10 Vocabulary Strategy 1.Look at the words very near the word you don’t know. The author may give a synonym in the same sentence. 2.If not, look in the sentences around the sentence with the unfamiliar word. The author may use a synonym for the word. 3.Try the synonym in place of the word inthe sentence. Does it make sense?

11 Vocabulary Strategy As you read “Penguins Are Birds,” look for synonyms to help you understand the meanings of the vocabulary words.

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13 Small Group Read Penguin Chick, pages

14 Fluency – Choral Reading I will read aloud p Notice the pace at which I am reading. You may want to read a nonfiction selection at a slower rate for understanding.p. 156 Let’s practice as a class doing three choral readings of p. 156.p. 156

15 Many animals have special features that help them survive in their environments. These features have developed over a long period of time; animals of the same species without these features died. This is called adaptation. Have you ever seen a chameleon? The chameleon changes its color to blend in with its environment. If the chameleon is in a tree surrounded by green leaves, the chameleon is green. If it is lying on a brown branch, it is brown. It can be very difficult to see. Arctic foxes and hares change color too. They are white in the winter, so they are difficult to see against snow, and they are brown in the summer. These adaptations have two purposes. First, the animals are protected from their enemies, who can't eat them if they can't see them. It is also easier for them to catch their prey, since the prey often doesn't see them until it's too late! Adaptation

16 Penguin Chick Day 2 Grammar Objectives: Define and identify common nouns. Define and identify proper nouns. Use common and proper nouns in writing. Become familiar with noun assessment on high-stakes tests.

17 3.Babys cant get their own food. Babies can’t get their own food. 4.It is sillent on the ice of antarctica. It is silent on the ice of Antarctica.

18 Common and Proper Nouns A common noun names any person, place, or thing. A proper noun names a particular person, place, or thing. Proper nouns begin with capital letters. In proper nouns of more than one word, the first word and each important word are capitalized. The names of days, months, and holidays are proper nouns.

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20 Penguin Chick Day 2 Spelling Objective: Spell words with syllable patterns V/CV and VC/V.

21 Dividing Words into Syllables The vowel sound in the first syllable of a word can be a clue as to how the word is divided. Words with a long vowel sound in the first syllable should be divided after the vowel. Words with a short vowel sound should be divided after the consonant.

22 Let’s divide our spelling words into syllables. Remember to listen to the sound of the first vowel.


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