Why? Gives children the building blocks for learning to read and write.
What? Phonics is the teaching of units of sounds that we use in English which make up words. A phoneme = the smallest unit of sound e.g “a”
How? The English language has 44 phonemes They should be taught to write each letter, forming it accurately. Children are taught to produce the sounds as shortly as possible, e.g no ‘uh’ on the end of ‘d’ and ‘g’.
It is very important to pronounce the sounds correctly! http://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=IwJx1NSineE http://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=IwJx1NSineE
There are 6 phases to teaching phonics. Children progress through them and by year 2 or 3 should be working in phase 6. Each phase also has tricky words to learn to read and write.
Phase 1 outcomes: They may be able to distinguish between speech sounds. Many - blend and segment orally Some - recognise words that rhyme and be able to provide a string of rhyming words. These skills need to continue through the other phases.
Letters and Sounds: Phase 2 19 phonemes and graphemes (satpin), Blend and segment Tricky words ( I, no, go, to, the)
Letters and Sounds: Phase 3 Next 25 graphemes - e.g sh, ch, th, ng, igh, ai, ee, oo,................. Learn to write tricky words and new ones to learn – he, she, me,was,they... etc
By end of phase 3 children will e able to read sentences like. Can a chicken sit on a chair? They will make a good attempt at writing these sentences using their phonics too.
Phase 4 Children learn no new phonemes however need to be able to blend and segment longer words. e.g trench, twisting, chimpanzee. Phase 4 is about applying what they have learnt.
Phase 5 Children learn alternatives graphemes 9 way of writing ) sounds. For example I can be written as igh as in light ie as in tie i as in mind y as in fly This phase will take children a year to learn and apply.
Phase 6 Involves children learning the spelling conventions of English. For example suffixes ( endings for words) such as s,- ed- ing - ly..... Tenses of words Spelling longer words.
Year 1 screening Government screen children in June nationally. They have to use their phonics to read words, some are real, some psuedo words. Chip portrait flume strom vas
How to help... Play phonics related games at home e.g eye spy Help them learn their sounds BUT make sure you are saying them correctly. Ask staff if you are not clear on how phonics works. Read with children and encourage them to use their phonics knowledge. Encourage children to write using their phonics.