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Alan Bentley & Dieter Hopkin Museum Development Officers.

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Presentation on theme: "Alan Bentley & Dieter Hopkin Museum Development Officers."— Presentation transcript:

1 Alan Bentley & Dieter Hopkin Museum Development Officers

2 Who we are Renaissance Yorkshire is part of the national Renaissance in the Regions programme of the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA) Nearest thing to a regional agency for the sector There are similar regional bodies across England. Similar work is done in Wales and Scotland

3 What we do as Museum Development Officers Work with museums across Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire Provide advice and guidance in most aspects of museum operation – often in a “consultancy” role Provide grant-aid support to foster best practice and sustainability in museums Operate programmes for groups of museums and provide bespoke support to individual museums So, we have a good broad insight into most areas of the sector and employment opportunities

4 How do we get involved in recruitment? On interview panels for “client” museums Advising on job descriptions and projects which include temporary posts Advising where to advertise vacancies cost effectively Directly appointing – mainly experienced contractors and free-lance practitioners Directly advertising local job opportunities in our Renaissance Yorkshire e-newsletter

5 Current recruitment situation in the museum and heritage sector “Becoming a museum or heritage professional is not the easiest career route to follow. There is increasingly intense competition for jobs, the pay would generally be described as poor and the level of qualifications and experience demanded is high. In addition, career progression can be difficult - people often have to be willing to move anywhere in the country - and short term contracts in many areas of work are now seen as the norm. Getting a job in the sector can indeed be a tough nut to crack”. CHNTO – Cultural Heritage National Training Organisation

6 Current Sector Environment - Fluid Picture The Museum and Heritage Sector is an active and important part of the UK economy and cultural life. It has a reputation for being flexible and resilient Public Sector Funding cuts in local government, national government and Higher Education sectors all affecting museums as non-statutory services The national agency, Museums Libraries and Archive Council (MLA) was abolished in the “bonfire of the quangos” in 2010 and some of its functions are to be taken over by the Arts Council (ACE) during 2011 Many individual museums and museum services are restructuring and shedding posts or transferring to trust status. If recruiting, many are doing so on a fixed-term contract basis with “degraded” terms and conditions There may be new opportunities for independent museums which may lead to recruitment within the Big Society approach There is a potentially growing market in museum consultancy companies providing specialist services e.g. project management, market research

7 Sector Environment Attractiveness of museums to those looking in – “You work in a museum, oh that must be nice!” “You get to play with all that lovely stuff – it must be the best job in the world!” Potential over provision of new entrants from post-graduate courses etc. Need to volunteer to get first job or place on course Depressed salary rates especially for entry level posts

8 Characteristics of sector There are about 3000 museums in the country There are many different kinds of museum and many different types of jobs in museums. Some museums are very small and might be run only by volunteers or by one or two staff who do everything from running the shop to caring for the collections and putting on exhibitions. Other museums, like the big national museums have hundreds of staff who will often be very specialist in one area.

9 Characteristics of sector Types of museums in the UK –National Museums : British Museum, Victoria and Albert Museum, National Railway Museum, Imperial War Museum, National Gallery and Tate –Local Authority Museums : Leeds City Museums, Craven Museum in Skipton –University Museums : Leeds University Gallery, LMU Gallery, Manchester Museum –Other Nationally Funded Museums : Horniman Museum or National Coal Mining Museum for England –Military Museums : some MOD funded some funded by the regiment: Durham Light Infantry Museum, RAF Museum –Larger independent museums : Ironbridge Museum, Thackray Museum,Leeds –Former local authority services now operated by museum trusts : York, Sheffield –Other national agencies : National Trust and English Heritage, CADW –Small independent museums : Horsforth Museum, Middleton Railway, Leeds

10 Characteristics of Employment in the Sector Short-term contracts Job Insecurity Competition for museum jobs is often very high How to get a job depends very much on the type of job which is wanted. Students should decide what area of museum work interests you and then gain the relevant qualifications and experience. Some look for general skills and others have high academic standards Low pay: Starting salaries for people with post-graduate qualifications can be as little as £13,000 and ten years later many will probably still be earning less than £30,000. Relative status and wealth to other graduate peers – working in museums is often a “lifestyle” decision

11 Why do we do it? Challenging – opportunity to make a difference in many ways Variety of types of work from the very practical to theoretical Belief in the social, cultural and economic value of museums in enhancing peoples’ lives and the world Often not the normal 9-5 routine Passion for collections and the stories they tell Working with a wide variety of people Get to go through the door marked “Private”

12 Types of jobs Front of house Tour guide Live interpretation (i.e. acting as a character from the past) Marketing Manager Education Officer Consultancy firm employee Curator Conservator Registrar IT specialist and web design Exhibitions designer Graphic design Photographer Object handler Technician Documentation specialist Outreach worker

13 Post - graduate courses University of Leicester - Museum Studies, Art Museum and Gallery Studies etc. Newcastle offers programme options in Art Museum & Gallery Education, Art Museum & Gallery Studies, At as Enterprise, Heritage Education & Interpretation, Heritage Management, Museum Studies. City University - Information Management in the Cultural Sector Nottingham Trent University - Museum and Heritage Management University of Sheffield - Arts and Heritage Management Aberystwyth University - Historical Studies (Heritage Skills) Birmingham City University - Contemporary Curatorial Practice University of Birmingham - Curatorial Archaeology Bournemouth University - Museums Studies Camberwell College of Arts, University of the Arts London - Conservation University of Cambridge - Archaeology (World Archaeology/Archaeological Heritage and Museums) Cardiff University - Conservation Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London - Curating the Art Museum Durham University - Museum and Artefact Studies University of East Anglia - Museology University of Essex - Gallery Studies and Critical Curating University of Glamorgan - Heritage Management University of Glasgow - Tourism, Heritage and Development Institute of Education, University of London - Museums and Galleries in Education King's College London (University of London) - Cultural and Creative Industries Kingston University - Conservation Science for Museum Artifacts University of Wales, Lampeter - Cultural Heritage University of Leeds - Art Gallery and Museum Studies

14 Qualifications In-service training and experience NVQs, some museum and heritage sector specific Post-graduate courses – some by distance learning Museums Association AMA, CPD Modern Apprenticeships Other specialist qualifications either sector specific or specific to discipline i.e. teaching

15 Where to find out more The Museums Association [http://www.museumsassociation.org/] is the national body which represents museums. Has a wealth of information on working in museums including descriptions of many different types of museum job and advice on courses and volunteering.Museums Association Prospects has lots of information on jobs in museums and heritage management Job/p!eipaL?grpno=W5&state=showgrp Job/p!eipaL?grpno=W5&state=showgrp museumjobs.com [http://www.museumjobs.com/] and museumcareers.com [http://www.museumcareers.com/] list some current jobs in museums. Indicates what is out there, what qualifications are required, and how much might be paidmuseumjobs.commuseumcareers.com University of Leicester Museums Studies Jobs Desk The Guardian has an Arts & Heritage jobs section heritage/http://jobs.guardian.co.uk/jobs/arts-and- heritage/

16 Tips and Hints for potential applicants Do your research Get practical experience - volunteer What is the reality of the “nice museum job”? What are the long-term prospects? Get transferable skills Be prepared to be mobile Use your networks Join a professional group e.g. local Museum Federation, Association of Independent Museums (AIM), Museums Association

17 How do museum and heritage organisations recruit? On-line –Directly –Via other web-sites e.g. Leicester University Museum Studies Jobs Desk National newspapers and their web-sites Museums Association’s Museums Journal Local newspapers Networks, word-of-mouth or employment opportunities offered to volunteers Emphasis on low or no-cost options

18 Entry routes Dependant on job e.g. some new entrants want any museum job to get experience e.g. front of house or gallery assistants First degree Post-graduate qualification full time or by distance learning Volunteering Short-term casual contracts Employment with a heritage constancy company

19 Museum work can be very personally rewarding Many people will still be passionate about wanting to work in museums It is only fair for them to understand the pros and cons of pursuing this passion Would I do it again?

20 Any questions?

21 Alan Bentley Dieter Hopkin


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