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1 Global Connections: Forests of the World Activity 6 Seeking Sustainability: A Global Response.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Global Connections: Forests of the World Activity 6 Seeking Sustainability: A Global Response."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Global Connections: Forests of the World Activity 6 Seeking Sustainability: A Global Response

2 2 Objectives  Identify possible criteria for defining or measuring forest sustainability.  Compare criteria to those included in the Montreal Process.  Find out how sustainability is being measured and monitored locally.

3 3 Searchable Key Words Agenda 21 Montreal Process Santiago Declaration Statement of Forest Principles Sustainable forest management

4 4 Background Activity 6

5 5 At the United Nation’s 1992 Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit (also called United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, UNCED), world leaders from 102 countries adopted two international declarations that affirm the importance of the forests of the world. 1. Statement of Forest Principles 2. Agenda 21 Rio 92 PS: The summit also produced conventions on biodiversity, climate change and desertification which have implications for forest management. Activity 6 – Background

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7 7 Statement of Forest Principles The first global agreement on forests and their sustainability Agenda 21 An international action plan for sustainable development Activity 6 – Background

8 8 Since the meeting in Rio de Janeiro… …several national and international programs have been launched to measure progress toward sustainable forest management …the most comprehensive and potentially far- reaching of those programs are the regional and international initiatives, which now involve more than 100 countries Activity 6 – Background

9 9 The Montreal Process This is one of those international initiatives: twelve countries, from the southern and northern hemispheres, from 5 continents. It outlines a way for each of the voluntarily participating countries to monitor the sustainability of its forests (Temperate and Boreal Forests). It defines criteria, or categories of conditions for sustainable forest management, as well as indicators, or measurable signs of those criteria. It has 7 Criteria and 67 Indicators. Activity 6 – Background

10 10 Sustainable Forest Management Definition: Managing forests to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Activity 6 – Background - Vocabulary

11 11 Indicators and criteria definition: Criterion: A category of conditions or processes by which sustainable forest management may be assessed. A Criterion is characterized by a set of related indicators which are monitored periodically to assess change. Indicator: A measure (measurement) of an aspect of the criterion. A quantitative or qualitative variable which can be measured or described and which, when observed periodically, demonstrates trends. Activity 6 – Background

12 12 Local communities: critical partners in forest sustainability International efforts toward sustainability help set the stage for how local forests are used. Local communities can be the most careful or the most careless stewards of forests. Poverty or the promise of short-term gains may motivate local people to overuse their forests. At the same time, local communities have a direct reliance on the forest and often a knowledge of the ecosystem that has evolved through time and close interaction with the forest. Activity 6 – Background

13 13 Ecosystem The interacting system of a biological community and its nonliving environment; the place where those interactions occur. Activity 6 – Background - Vocabulary Image:

14 14 National Report on Sustainable Forests, 2003 In 2003, the U.S. Department of Agriculture completed this report. It documents the state of its forests and the indicators of progress toward the goal of sustainable forest management. It uses the Montreal Process criteria as a basis for analysis. Activity 6 – Background

15 15 The Montreal Process laid the foundation for setting standards for the private sector and non governmental organizations to develop programs to certify that forests are well managed. Activity 6 – Background

16 16 Three North American certification systems These systems used the Montreal Process to design their systems: 1.American Tree Farm System ( 2.Canadian Standard’s Association ( 3.Sustainable Forestry Initiative ( Activity 6 – Background

17 17 Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes (PEFC) This is an additional umbrella program that endorses national and regional standards, and the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), a global certification system. Activity 6 – Background

18 18 All of these standards promote economic, environmental, and social values by including auditable requirements for a variety of issues including, protection of special biological and cultural sites, management strategies to protect species at risk and wildlife habitat, sustainable harvest levels, and prompt regeneration. Activity 6 – Background

19 19 Labels Certification programs offer a range of product and promotional labels that allow organizations to make claims associated with involvement in the program and in certain instances to make claims related to the certified content in the product they sell. This helps consumers identify and give preference to products from well managed forests. Activity 6 – Background

20 20 But still… … only 10% of the world’s forests are certified. According to the FAO's State of the World's Forests 2007: "The problems are fairly straightforward: most deforestation in the tropics is caused by conversion to other land uses rather than by logging; certification is not cheap; and its successful implementation requires a solid institutional governance platform. Moreover, it is yet to be seen whether consumers are willing to pay more for certified products on a large scale." Activity 6 – Background

21 21 Doing the activity Activity 6

22 22 Now, time to work! a.Break into 7 small groups. b.Each group should list factors that influence whether you buy a particular product or not. c.Categorize the factors into social, economic, and environmental factors. Activity 1: Activity 6 – Doing the activity

23 23 Activity 2 Share some of the factors you included in each category. What did you experience as you categorized your factors? What made some factors easier or more difficult to categorize than others? Which category seems to have the most effect in terms of the items we buy? If we wanted to make sure that a certain product was available to us on a sustainable basis, what factors would we want to pay attention to? How are forest resources* similar to other products? Why might people want to ensure that forest resources are managed sustainably? * Forest resources : an unprocessed, raw material (such as logs or mushrooms) derived from a forest ecosystem. Activity 6 – Doing the activity

24 24 Activity 3: a.List things a country might do to ensure that its forests are managed sustainably. b.How would the country know that these actions actually made a difference? c.What indications would it have that the forests are more sustainable? Activity 6 – Doing the activity

25 25 a.Choose one of the actions listed and identify possible indications that this action increases sustainability. b.Be as specific as possible and consider ecological, social, and economic indicators. c.Use a graphic organizer for responses Activity 4: Activity 6 – Doing the activity

26 26 Activity 5: a.Read: “The History of Montreal Process” (pg 84-85) b.In small groups examine one of the seven Montreal Process criteria c.Take a copy of the Criteria and Indicator designated to your group. Activity 6 – Doing the activity


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30 30 Activity 6: Make a poster on your criterion including: a. a description of the criterion b. a list of its indicators c.artwork and photos to explain at least three of the indicators. Activity 6 – Doing the activity

31 31 Consider the following: i.How does this criterion relate to forest sustainability? ii.How does it compare with the indicators your group came up with (in activity 4)? iii.How well do the indicators measure this criterion? iv.Is there anything missing? v.Which indicators would be easy to measure, and which would be difficult? Activity 6 – Doing the activity

32 32 Activity 7: Presentation and discussion a.What is the aim of the Montreal Process? b. Why is it important? c.What is included in the Montreal Process, and what is not included? d.How does the Montreal Process (and other forest initiatives) help move the world’s forests toward sustainability? Activity 6 – Doing the activity

33 33 Activity 8: Talking to a representative Our guest will talk about forest sustainability and about how it is measured in our area. Consider the following: a.Is forest sustainability a goal at the state or local level? If so, how is it defined? How is sustainability being measured and monitored? b.What factors influence how a state or local agency manages forest sustainability? c.Are people at the local level familiar with the Montreal Process? If so, how is it being used? d.Is this person or agency involved in any international-related projects? Activity 6 – Doing the activity

34 34 Assessment Write responses to the questions listed below: 1.How does this criterion relate to forest sustainability? 2.How does it compare with the indicators your group came up with (in step 4)? 3.How well do the indicators measure this criterion? 4.Is there anything missing? 5.Which indicators would be easy to measure, and which would be difficult?

35 35 Enrichment Activity 6

36 36 Montreal Process in another country or forest region Track the Montreal Process in another country or forest region. You might use the Internet or make phone calls to find out what is being done to further the process. If the country or region you are investigating participates in a different international initiative, you can compare that one to the Montreal Process. Activity 6 – Enrichment 1

37 37 The History of the Montreal Process Investigate how this and the other forest initiatives have affected international discussions on environmental issues. Activity 6 – Enrichment 2

38 38 Forest Certification a.Research and compare different certification systems in our country and abroad, including the basis and criteria of each system and the potential weaknesses or strengths. b.Ask a variety of local business people whether they use, endorse, or oppose any of the systems and why. Resource: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization’s Forestry ( American Tree Farm System Certification (; Forest Stewardship Council (; Sustainable Forestry Initiative (; International Standards Organization or ISO (, Activity 6 – Enrichment It is promoted as a way to encourage sustainable forest management by certifying that certain forests have been managed or harvested under specific forestry standards. Wood from these forests is labeled for consumers as being from a certified forest.

39 39 Technology a.The Montreal Process and other international initiatives require accurate data for monitoring forests so that changes can be identified and evaluated. b.Explore technologies used by people as they monitor, manage, or use forest resources. c.Begin a internet search with the following key words: forest monitoring, forest tools and wood technology. Activity 6 – Enrichment - Technology

40 40 Resource The Montreal Process http://www.mpci.org Country report: National Report on Sustainable Forests—2003, from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, February 2004

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