Presentation on theme: "Bloodborne Pathogen Training"— Presentation transcript:
1 Bloodborne Pathogen Training Springfield Public Schools:Bloodborne Pathogen Training
2 This program meets the following guidelines: OSHA Standards on Bloodborne Pathogens(29 CFR )Public sector workplaces in Massachusetts arenot covered by OSHA standards, but…Massachusetts Division of Occupational Safety dictates that public sector employers comply with the same requirements
3 At the end of this lesson, you will be able to: List the three most common bloodbornepathogens (BBPs)Identify and take appropriate actions to reducerisk of exposure to BBPsDescribe how to respond if an injury occurs at your site
4 Definition of BBPBloodborne pathogens are infectious materials in blood that can cause disease in humans, including but not limited to hepatitis B and C and human immunodeficiency virus or HIV
5 Your role and responsibilities: Minimize the risk of BBP exposure forstudents, your co-workers, and yourselfTake proper precautions at all timesWhen an incident occurs, respond quicklyand correctly
6 3 Most Common BBPs 1. Hepatitis B 2. Hepatitis C HIV inflammation of the liver, which can lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer or deathMost people recoverCan be indirectly transmittedThere is a vaccine2. Hepatitis Cinflammation of the liver, which can lead to chronic liver disease and deathMay carry virus for years without visible symptomsHIVAttacks the immune systemDevelops into AIDS in some cases
7 How it is spread: BBPs are most commonly spread through high-risk activities like unprotected sex andsharing drug needles.At school sites your risk of exposure is low.Potential risks include infected blood or other bodily fluid that:Spray, splash into mouth, nose or eye (mucous membrane)Contact with broken areas of skin, even tiny breaks you can’t seeAccidental injury with a sharp object like a needle, brokenglass, or anything else that can pierce your skin.
8 Protect yourself Hepatitis B virus (HBV) can be transmitted indirectly if you touch a contaminated surface and then touch your nose, mouth,eyes, or broken skin.HBV can survive dried and at roomtemperature on surfaces for up to a week
9 Protect yourself Infection Control Standard Precautions Hand Washing Use of Disposable GlovesDistrict Procedures/Guidelines
10 PREVENTION Standard Precautions a method of infection control in which all blood or bodily fluids anyone comes in contact with is assumed to be potentially infectiousPeople with BBP’s may not know itYou may be a carrier and not know it-preventive measures protect students also
11 Five Universal Precautions Wash hands and work surfaces frequentlyAvoid contact with sharp objectsUse gloves and other personal protective equipment when you anticipate exposure to blood or other bodily fluidsWash your hands immediately following exposureDispose of hazardous material safely using engineering controls like a needle box for any sharp objects
12 HandwashingIs far less glamorous than hi techinterventions, but it is known to bethe SINGLE most important thingwe can do to reduce the spread ofdisease
13 Procedure is important Wet hands thoroughly under warm waterDispense non-abrasive soap into wet handsVigorously rub hands together for 20 seconds, about the time it takes to sing “Happy Birthday”Be sure to scrub all surfaces...top and bottomThoroughly rinse handsDry hands with a disposable towel.Use towel to turn off the water and dispose of it
14 Hand Sanitizers Do not require water Excellent alternative to hand washing when soap and water not availableApply about ½ tsp of sanitizer to palm of handRub hands together, covering all surface of your hands until they are dryWash hands with soap and water when able
15 Work surfacesMake sure work surfaces, particularly any public counters, are kept cleanUse a disinfectant that kills germsMake this part of your daily routine
16 SHARPSBe alert for sharp objects, like broken glass or needles, when emptying trash containersnever smash down trash with hands or feetalways carry trash away from your bodynever pick up broken glass with your hands
17 Personal Protective Equipment Safety devices or safeguards worn by workers to protect against environmental hazardsDesigned to reduce the risk of disease transmissionAlways wear gloveswhen you anticipatetouching blood, bodilyfluids, or contaminatedsurfaces
18 Using GlovesUse single-use, disposable gloves when administering first aid.Cover any cuts with bandages before putting on glovesMake sure gloves fit snuglyWhen removing, be sure that your bare skin does not come into contact with exterior of the glove (peel inside out)Dispose of gloves in hazardous waste container
19 Other protective equipment Resuscitation device- always use when administering mouth to mouthSmock or apron-use when cleaning up large amounts of blood or other bodily fluidEyewearFace shieldobtain equipment from school nurse or custodian
20 Hazardous WasteUsed needles should be immediately placed in a sharps container
21 Sharps Protect Yourself and Others from Sharp Objects. If you have a needle or anything with a sharp point, dispose of it in the sharps container in the Nurse’s Office.
22 SHARPSAny contaminated object that can penetrate the skin including, but not limited to, needles, scalpels, and broken glass.Use a brush and dustpan or tongs to pick up broken glass/sharp objectsNever use your hands.Place the items in a closable, leak proof, puncture resistant container with a biohazard label attached.Never reach into a trash container or push trash down with hands or feetUse a properly labeled sharps container for needles.Never recap, bend, break, or shear needles.Wear gloves!Replace sharps containers when full – never overfill.Sharps containers are stocked in the health room of each school.
23 Accidental Exposure If you are exposed despite using precautions Immediately wash the exposed area with anti-bacterial soap and waterFlush eyes, nose or mouth with running water if they have been exposed
24 If an injury occurs Assess the situation Administer first aid Report incident to school nurse
25 ASSESS THE SITUATIONYour first instinct is to help an injured child immediately, but take a moment to think so you safely approach the situationBE CALMREASSURE VICTIMASSESS SEVERITY OF INJURYAVOID EXPOSING YOURSELF TO BLOOD OR BODILY FLUIDS WITHOUT PRECAUTION
26 FIRST AIDFor minor cuts and scrapes, encourage the victim to self-administer first aid.For more serious injuries, put on a pair of gloves before you administer first aid.
27 When exposure occurs:Report the incident to the school nurse immediately!If you experienced accidental exposure,complete an Incident Report form and submit it to your building principal.An Incident Report is required anytime anincident occurs in which there is potential exposure to a bloodborne pathogen.
28 Occupations at RISK High Risk Health Service Personnel Coaches & Athletic TrainersPE TeachersSpecial Ed TeachersSpecial Ed Bus Drivers & AidesSome RiskCustodians, Secretaries, Regular Education Teachers & Aides, Bus Driver
29 CLEANING UP SPILLS If you are cleaning up a spill of blood, carefully cover the spill with paper towels or cloths – thencarefully pour an approved cleansing solution –and leave it for 10 minutes to kill any bloodbornepathogens. Remember to decontaminate anymops, sponges, pails, etc. that were used in theclean up process.To determine if a cleaning solution is EPA Registered :Read the label
30 CLEANING UP (CONT) Wear gloves. Place contaminated items in a leak proof bag.Remove gloves using proper method – never letbare skin touch contaminated gloves.Place securely fastened bag in a plastic lined trashcontainer.Take to the school nurse for disposal.
31 Contaminated sports items and equipment Use an EPA-registered tuberculocidal disinfectantsolution to clean and decontaminate sports itemsand equipment that has come in contact with bloodand other potentially infectious materials. Followthe clean up and decontamination guidelines.
32 Summary You have explored: Bloodborne pathogens (BBPs) The three most common BBPsUniversal precautions for reducing risk of exposureWhat to do when an injury occursNormal teaching and learning activities do not place anyoneat risk for HIV infection, but accidents and injuries at schoolcan produce situations where students or staff might beexposed to another person’s body fluids.BE PREPARED!
34 Bloodborne pathogens post test 1. Which disease is not bloodborne?A. Hepatitis AB. Hepatitis BC. Hepatitis CD. HIV2. Bloodborne pathogens may enter your bloodstream through:A. skin abrasionsB. open cutsC. accidental needle sticksD. all of the above3. Observing “universal precautions” means treating all blood and body fluids as ifinfectious.TrueFalse
35 Post test4. Wearing gloves is one of the most important personal protective measures forpreventing an exposure to blood borne pathogens.TrueFalse5. If you wear gloves when cleaning up blood or body fluids, it is not necessary to washyour hands afterwards.6. If antiseptic wipes or gels are used, it is not necessary to wash your handsafterwards.7. Personal Protective Equipment includes which of the following?A. GlovesB. GogglesC. ApronsD. All of the above
36 Post test8. When cleaning up a blood borne pathogens spill, which of the following should you NOT do?A. Use disposable glovesB. Dispose of waste in an unlined waste containerC. Wash hands thoroughly with warm water and soapD. Contact the school nurse and custodian9. You should complete an incident report if you have been exposed to blood borne pathogens.TrueFalse10. A person with a blood borne pathogen will always look sick.
37 Post test What would you do??????? Circle the correct response. 11. A student, Angie, comes to you with a bloody nose. She is upset and needs yourassistance cleaning up. Would you:A. Tell Angie that you are busy and send her off to classB. Rush to help Angie and do your best not to touch the bloodC. Encourage Angie to clean herself up, even though she is upsetD. Call Angie’s parents and tell them they need to come to clean her up12. You notice that Angie has dripped blood down the hall. Would you:A. Grab some paper towels and quickly wipe up the bloodB. Call your custodian and ask them to clean up the blood and disinfect the areausing the appropriate precautionsC. Give Angie paper towels and instruct her to clean up after herself
38 Bloodborne pathogen answer sheet Name/Title_______________________Date____________School__________________________1. ○ A ○ B ○ C ○ D2. ○ A ○ B ○ C ○ D3. ○ T ○ F4. ○ T ○ F5. ○ T ○ F6. ○ T ○ F7. ○ A ○ B ○ C ○ D8. ○ A ○ B ○ C ○ D9. ○ T ○ F10. ○ T ○ F11. ○ A ○ B ○ C ○ D12. ○ A ○ B ○ C ○ D