Presentation on theme: "The Truth about Decubitus Ulcers"— Presentation transcript:
1The Truth about Decubitus Ulcers Created By: Kelsey Peck
2What is a decubitus ulcer? A decubitus ulcer, also commonly known as a bedsore comes about from lying in one position for too long.This prevents circulation from getting to your skin, causing pressure.This in turn, causes a decubitus ulcer.diseases/Pressure_Ulcer-2.gif
3Who is at risk for Decubitus Ulcers? It is most common to see elderly people in nursing homes get decubitus ulcers, due to the fact that they lay in a bed practically all day or sit in the same position daily.Smokers (dries out skin and reduces the blood flow to skin)Anorexic people (less padding on their bones and it can injure more easily and take longer to heal)
4What causes Decubitus Ulcers? MalnutritionImproper skin careBeing IncontinentFrictionFailure to move a patient frequently (in a nursing home)Failure to exercise
5Common Homes for Decubitus Ulcers Hips (laying on your side)Tailbones (laying on your back)Shoulders (laying on your side or resting your shoulders on the back of a wheelchair)Backs of arms or legs (Leaning on the wheelchair)Back or side of head(Laying on your back or laying on your side)
6Stage 1 Symptoms Stage 1 Skin is intact. Skin may be red on a paler person.Skin may appear bluish on darker skinned people.The skin that is affected may be more painful, warmer, softer, or cooler than the surrounding skin.T
7Stage 2 Symptoms Stage 2-Open wound The epidermis (outer layer of skin) and the dermis (underlying layer of skin) are both damaged or lost.May appear as a shallow, pinkish-red, basin-like woundMay appear as a ruptured fluid-filled blister
8Stage 3 Symptoms Stage 3-Deep wound Fat is exposed due to the loss of skinCrater-like in appearanceBottom of ulcer has some yellowish colored dead tissue
9Stage 4 Symptoms May expose bone, muscle, or tendons Stage 4-Large Scale loss of tissueMay expose bone, muscle, or tendonsThe bottom of the ulcer contains yellowish or dark colored dead tissue that is crusty
10Treating Decubitus ulcers Relieve the pressure that caused the sore to start withReposition the personUse support surfaces such as pillows and mattresses to help the person lie in an appropriate positionRemove the damaged tissueSurgical Debridement: removing dead tissue surgicallyMechanical Debridement: removing dead tissue using things such as a whirlpoolAutolytic Debridement- the body’s natural way of removing dead tissueEnzymatic Debridement-removing dead tissue using chemical enzymesClean and dress the wound regularlyThe way you dress and clean the wound depends on what stage is it in.
11Other ways to treat decubitus ulcers AntibioticsHealthy dietMuscle relaxantsIf your decubitus ulcers do not heal after taking the treatment measures just mentioned, your doctor may give you muscle relaxants, antibiotics, or tell you to go on a healthy diet to help treat your ulcers.
12How to prevent Decubitus Ulcers from forming again? Keeping your skin clean and dry prevents moisture.Changing position every two hours prevents you from putting pressure on one spot for too long.Using pillows and other products can help prevent sores by being a cushion for your body.Keeping skin clean and dryChanging position every two hoursUsing pillows and products that relieve pressure
13Facts/StatisticsIn 2010, pressure ulcers were the primary diagnosis in approximately 45,000 hospital admissions.Pressure ulcers were a secondary diagnosis in about 457,800 hospital admissions last year.The primary diagnoses left 1 dead in every 25 patients.The secondary diagnoses left 1 dead in every 8 patients.