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The Truth about Decubitus Ulcers Created By: Kelsey Peck.

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Presentation on theme: "The Truth about Decubitus Ulcers Created By: Kelsey Peck."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Truth about Decubitus Ulcers Created By: Kelsey Peck

2 What is a decubitus ulcer?  A decubitus ulcer, also commonly known as a bedsore comes about from lying in one position for too long.  This prevents circulation from getting to your skin, causing pressure.  This in turn, causes a decubitus ulcer. http://trialx.com/curetalk/wp- content/blogs.dir/7/files/2011/05/ diseases/Pressure_Ulcer-2.gif

3 Who is at risk for Decubitus Ulcers? o It is most common to see elderly people in nursing homes get decubitus ulcers, due to the fact that they lay in a bed practically all day or sit in the same position daily.  Smokers (dries out skin and reduces the blood flow to skin)  Anorexic people (less padding on their bones and it can injure more easily and take longer to heal) http://indianapublicmedia.org/amomentofscie nce/files/2010/04/elderly-940x626.jpg http://patreiz.files.wordpress.com/2011/0 2/child-malnutrition.jpg

4 What causes Decubitus Ulcers?  Malnutrition  Improper skin care  Being Incontinent  Friction  Failure to move a patient frequently (in a nursing home)  Failure to exercise http://madhusameer.files.wordpr ess.com/2010/10/anorexia-3.jpg

5 Common Homes for Decubitus Ulcers  Hips (laying on your side)  Tailbones (laying on your back)  Shoulders (laying on your side or resting your shoulders on the back of a wheelchair)  Backs of arms or legs (Leaning on the wheelchair)  Back or side of head(Laying on your back or laying on your side)

6 Stage 1 Symptoms Stage 1  Skin is intact.  Skin may be red on a paler person.  Skin may appear bluish on darker skinned people.  The skin that is affected may be more painful, warmer, softer, or cooler than the surrounding skin. http://img.thebody.com/legacyAssets/40/74/P2 5-1.gif

7 Stage 2 Symptoms Stage 2-Open wound  The epidermis (outer layer of skin) and the dermis (underlying layer of skin) are both damaged or lost.  May appear as a shallow, pinkish-red, basin-like wound  May appear as a ruptured fluid-filled blister http://img.thebody.com/legacyAssets/40/ 74/P25-2.gif

8 Stage 3 Symptoms Stage 3-Deep wound  Fat is exposed due to the loss of skin  Crater-like in appearance  Bottom of ulcer has some yellowish colored dead tissue http://img.thebody.com/legacyAssets/40 /74/P25-3.gif

9 Stage 4 Symptoms Stage 4-Large Scale loss of tissue  May expose bone, muscle, or tendons  The bottom of the ulcer contains yellowish or dark colored dead tissue that is crusty http://www.eczema- answers.com/images/bed_sores2.jpg

10 Treating Decubitus ulcers  Relieve the pressure that caused the sore to start with  Reposition the person  Use support surfaces such as pillows and mattresses to help the person lie in an appropriate position  Remove the damaged tissue  Surgical Debridement: removing dead tissue surgically  Mechanical Debridement: removing dead tissue using things such as a whirlpool  Autolytic Debridement- the body’s natural way of removing dead tissue  Enzymatic Debridement-removing dead tissue using chemical enzymes  Clean and dress the wound regularly  The way you dress and clean the wound depends on what stage is it in.

11 Other ways to treat decubitus ulcers Antibiotics Healthy diet Muscle relaxants  If your decubitus ulcers do not heal after taking the treatment measures just mentioned, your doctor may give you muscle relaxants, antibiotics, or tell you to go on a healthy diet to help treat your ulcers.

12 How to prevent Decubitus Ulcers from forming again?  Keeping skin clean and dry  Changing position every two hours  Using pillows and products that relieve pressure  Keeping your skin clean and dry prevents moisture.  Changing position every two hours prevents you from putting pressure on one spot for too long.  Using pillows and other products can help prevent sores by being a cushion for your body.

13 Facts/Statistics  In 2010, pressure ulcers were the primary diagnosis in approximately 45,000 hospital admissions.  Pressure ulcers were a secondary diagnosis in about 457,800 hospital admissions last year.  The primary diagnoses left 1 dead in every 25 patients.  The secondary diagnoses left 1 dead in every 8 patients.

14 Works Cited  http://www.nursing-home-abuse- resource.com/care_center/decubitus-causes.html http://www.nursing-home-abuse- resource.com/care_center/decubitus-causes.html  http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/190115- overview http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/190115- overview  http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bedsores/DS00570/ DSECTION=symptoms http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bedsores/DS00570/ DSECTION=symptoms  http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bedsores/DS00570/ DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bedsores/DS00570/ DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs  http://www.drugs.com/cg/how-to-prevent-pressure- sores.html http://www.drugs.com/cg/how-to-prevent-pressure- sores.html  http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6366/is_3_21/ai_ n31950894/ http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6366/is_3_21/ai_ n31950894/


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