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Doctrine and Covenants 89-90. Doctrine and Covenants 89 “The Word of Wisdom” Recalling the circumstances that precipitated this revelation, Brigham Young.

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Presentation on theme: "Doctrine and Covenants 89-90. Doctrine and Covenants 89 “The Word of Wisdom” Recalling the circumstances that precipitated this revelation, Brigham Young."— Presentation transcript:

1 Doctrine and Covenants 89-90

2 Doctrine and Covenants 89 “The Word of Wisdom” Recalling the circumstances that precipitated this revelation, Brigham Young said: “I think I am as well acquainted with the circumstances which led to the giving of the Word of Wisdom as any man in the Church, although I was not present at the time to witness them. The first School of the Prophets was held in a small room situated over the Prophet Joseph’s kitchen, in a house which belonged to Bishop Whitney and which was attached to his store. In the rear of this building was a kitchen, probably ten by fourteen feet, containing rooms and pantries. Over this kitchen was situated the room in which the Prophet received revelations and in which he instructed his brethren. The brethren came to that place from hundreds of miles to attend school in a little room probably no larger than eleven by fourteen.

3 When they assembled together in this room after breakfast, the first thing they did was to light their pipes, and, while smoking, talk about the great things of the kingdom, and spit all over the room, and as soon as the pipe was out of their mouths a large chew of tobacco would then be taken. Often when the Prophet entered the room to give the school instructions he would find himself in a cloud of tobacco smoke. This, and the complaints of his wife at having to clean so filthy a floor, made the Prophet think upon the matter, and he inquired of the Lord relating to the conduct of the Elders in using tobacco, and the revelation known as the Word of Wisdom was the result of his inquiry (JD, 12:158).

4 Horace Greeley wrote: In my childhood there was no merry-making, there was no entertainment of relatives or friends, there was scarce a casual gathering of two or three neighbors for an evening’s social chat, without strong drink. Cider always, while it remained drinkable without sever contortion of visage, rum at seasons and on all occasions, were required and provided. No house or barn raised without a bountiful supply of the latter and generally of both. A wedding without “toddy,” “flip,” “sling,” or “punch” with rum undisguised in abundance, would have been deemed a poor, mean affair, even among the penniless; while the more thrifty of course dispensed wine, brandy, and gin in profusion. Dancing – almost the only past-time wherein the sexes jointly participated – was always enlivened and stimulated by liquor. Militia training – then rigid enforced at least twice a year – usually wound up with a drinking frolic at the village tavern. Election days were drinking days… and even funerals were regarded as inadequately celebrated without the dispensing of spirituous consolation (Taylor, Freedom’s Ferment, ).

5 David Whitmer said: “Quite a little party of the brethren and sisters being assembled in Smith’s house. Some of the men were excessive chewers of the filthy weed, and their disgusting slobbering and spitting caused Mrs. Smith to make the ironical remark that “It would be a good thing if a revelation could be had declaring the use of tobacco a sin, and commanding its oppression.” The matter was taken up and joked about. One of the brethren suggested that the revelation should also provide for a total abstinence from tea and coffee drinking, intending this as a counter dig to the sisters. Sure enough, the subject was afterward taken up in dead earnest, and the Word of Wisdom was the result.

6 Zebedee Coltrin said: The Prophet Joseph Smith was in an adjoining room in the school where they were assembled, and came in with that revelation in his hand. Out of the twenty-two members that were assembled, all used tobacco, more or less, except two. Joseph read the revelation and when they heard it, they all laid aside their pipes and use of tobacco, and said Brother Coltrin, “I have never used it since.”

7 Not by Commandment “No official member in this Church is worthy to hold an office, after having the Word of Wisdom properly taught him, and he the official member, neglecting to comply with or obey it” (HC, 2:35). “If we would observe this law of commandment of the Lord, first given not as commandment nor by constraint, but afterwards declared by the mouthpiece of the Lord to be in force as a commandment thereafter to the Latter-day Saints, if, I say, the people would observe the principles of this revelation, there could not exist… that most obnoxious institution known as a saloon” (Joseph F. Smith, C.R., Oct. 1908, 6).

8 Hot Drinks Joel H. Johnson with whose family the Prophet was intimate relates that on a Sabbath Day in July (1833) following the giving of the “Word of Wisdom,” when both Joseph and Hyrum Smith were on the stand, the Prophet said to the Saints, “I understand that some of the people are excusing themselves in using tea and coffee, because the Lord only said, ‘hot drinks’ in the revelation of the Word of Wisdom. Tea and coffee are what the Lord meant when he said, ‘hot drinks’ (Joel H. Johnson, Voice from the Mountains, 12).

9 Cola Drinks “With reference to cola drinks, the Church has never officially take a position on this matter, but the leaders of the Church have advised, and we do now specifically advise against the use of any drink containing harmful habit-forming drugs under circumstances that would result in acquiring the habit. Any beverage that contains ingredients harmful to the body should be avoided (Priesthood Bulletin, Ensign, June 1972, 46).

10 Doctrine and Covenants 89:1-3 As the Prophet received it, the revelation began with the fourth verse as it is now rendered. The first three verse were simply an introduction that he gave to the revelation. Doctrine and Covenants 89:2 A binding commandment in 1833? Yes and no! Why? John Smith, Patriarch gave a talk on the Word of Wisdom at conference. After his talk, Brigham Young arose and proposed that it become a binding commandment (1851).

11 “Not by Commandment or constraint” President Joseph F. Smith offered this explanation, “The reason undoubtedly why the Word of Wisdom was given – as not by ‘commandment or restraint’ was that at that time, at least, if it had been given as a commandment it would have brought every man, addicted to the use of these noxious things, under condemnation; so the Lord was merciful and gave them a chance to overcome, before He brought them under the law” (C.R., October 1913, 14). Since the early 1930’s, however, the prohibitions of the commandment – refraining from the use of alcohol, tea, coffee, and tobacco – have been viewed as binding on the faithful Saints. Adherence to the same is considered a prerequisite for baptism and for entrance into the temple.

12 Doctrine and Covenants 89:4 “Evils and Designs” A prime target for their avarice will always be our children. The main purpose of the Word of Wisdom? In consequence of evils and designs which do and will exists in the hearts of conspiring men in the last days, I have warned you!

13 Four Blessings from the Word of Wisdom: 1. Self-control 2. Strength of body 3. Clearness of mind 4. Spiritual power (John A. Widtsoe, Program of the Church, 39-40). A readiness and willingness to receive revelation. Increased faith and spiritual power (Stephen Richards, C.R. 1949, 141).

14 Doctrine and Covenants 89:5-9 NO! Doctrine and Covenants 89:6 “Pure Wine” The language of this revelation leaves the impression that a wine with a low level of intoxicant is intended.

15 Doctrine and Covenants 89:7 “Strong Drink” Strong drink is a biblical phrase used to mean intoxicating drinks (Lev. 10:9, Num. 6:3, Deut.14:26; 29:6)

16 “The Lord has told us that ‘Strong drinks are not good,’ who is it that will say they are?” asked Hyrum Smith, “when the Lord says they are not. That man who says ‘I can drink wine or strong drink, and it not hurt me,’ is not wise. But some will say, ‘I know that it did me good, for I was fatigued, and feeble, on a certain occasion, and it revived me, and I was invigorated thereby, and that is sufficient proof for me.’ It may be for you, but it would not be for a wise man, for every spirit of this kind will only produce a greater languor when its effects cease to operate upon the human body. But you know that you are benefited, yes, so does the man who has mortgaged his property, know that he is relieved from his present embarrassments; but his temporary relief only binds the chords of bondage more severely around him” (Times and Seasons, 3:800). Washing of your bodies: Alcohol is a very helpful agent for cleansing wounds and abrasions.

17 Doctrine and Covenants 89:6 “Tobacco… an herb for bruises and all sick cattle.” Applied with skill, a tobacco poultice can be useful in healing cuts and bruises on cattle.

18 Doctrine and Covenants 89:9 “Hot drinks” Hot drinks means tea and coffee, as those two beverages were the only ones in common use among the members of the Church at that time. The reason why those beverages were condemned was because they contained a habit forming drug, rather than because of the temperature at which they were swallowed. It follows logically that any other beverage which contains a hurtful drug or element, is open to the same objection, regardless of the temperature at which it is taken (Doctrine and Covenants Commentary, 573).

19 Doctrine and Covenants 89:10-17 YES!

20 Doctrine and Covenants 89:19 And shall find wisdom and great treasures of knowledge, even hidden treasures. Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ are actually giving away the secrets of the universe. If only you and I will not become offended by Their generosity, if only we will not be indifferent to the significance of the things revealed to us in holy temples and in holy scriptures (Neal A. Maxwell, Talk given January 8, 1995).

21 Doctrine and Covenants 89:21 “The destroying angel shall pass by them” Is this reference to the destroying angel in this text to be understood figuratively or literally? The answer, it would appear, is both. Certainly there have been those whose lives were destroyed by their failure to comply with the principles given in the Word of Wisdom. There will yet be others who will lose their lives in like manner. Given also that this revelation cannot, in the proper sense, be lived in isolation of all the commandments of the Lord and thus all the promises of the Lord, we would also think that the time must surely come when the angels of heaven will take vengeance on the wicked as they did among the firstborn for the Egyptians (Exodus 12:23, 29).

22 Doctrine and Covenants 90 “The Oracles of God” Doctrine and Covenants 90:11 “Every man shall hear the gospel in his own tongue” Some have said that this has been fulfilled in CES Doctrine and Covenants 90:24 “The Formula So That All Things Will Work For Your Good” Search Diligently + Pray Always + Be Believing = All things shall work together for your good.

23 Doctrine and Covenants 90:28-31 “Vienna Jaques” Upon learning of the Book of Mormon, she sent for a copy. After glancing at it she laid it aside, until one evening she received a vision of the book, which convinced her to diligently search this new scripture. She did so until her mind was “illuminated.” Convinced of its truth, forty-three-year-old Vienna traveled alone by canal boat and then by stagecoach to Kirtland to meet the Prophet. After being further instructed by him she accepted baptism. On March 1833 the Prophet directed Vienna to consecrate her monies (1,400 dollars in savings) to the Church. In obedience, she gave all that she had.

24 At age sixty Vienna drove her own wagon across the plains in the Charles C. Rich company, arriving in the Salt Lake Valley on 2 nd of October in1847. She was given a city lot in the Salt Lake Twelfth Ward. At age ninety she traveled with General Authorities from Salt Lake City to Provo to speak to a gathering of over six hundred “old folk.” At ninety-one she was interviewed by a reporter from the Woman’s Exponent, who penned that she “milked her own cow” and had made sixty-one pounds of butter that spring. Vienna died on 7 February 1884 in her own home at the age of ninety-six. In her obituary her faithfulness was extolled: “She was true to her covenants and esteemed the restoration of the Gospel as a priceless treasure” (Who’s Who in the D&C, Susan Easton Black). Doctrine and Covenants 90:23-24 Let your families be small?


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