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MEXICO Chapter 10-1. I. Geography of Mexico  A. Mountains dominate Mexico’s setting  1. Sierra Madre Occidental – largest mountain range (west coast)

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Presentation on theme: "MEXICO Chapter 10-1. I. Geography of Mexico  A. Mountains dominate Mexico’s setting  1. Sierra Madre Occidental – largest mountain range (west coast)"— Presentation transcript:

1 MEXICO Chapter 10-1

2 I. Geography of Mexico  A. Mountains dominate Mexico’s setting  1. Sierra Madre Occidental – largest mountain range (west coast)  2. Sierra Madre Oriental – second largest mountain range (east coast)  B. Between the Sierra Madres (mother ranges) is the central plateau – high, flat land

3  C. Peninsula – strip of land that juts out into the ocean  1. Baja Peninsula – west coast  2. Yucatan Peninsula – east coast  D. Southern part of the plateau has the best farmland because it is nourished by rich soil and lots of rain  E. Mexico is located at the intersection of 4 tectonic plates (North American, Caribbean, Pacific, and Cocos)  1. these plates create jagged mountain ranges and some of the mountains are still active volcanoes  2. strong earthquakes also rock this region

4 II. The Coastal Regions  A. Northern Pacific Coast  1. dry and hot  2. thinly populated  3. Tijuana is Mexico’s fastest growing city and is right across the border from California  4. The Baja peninsula is mostly mountainous desert

5  B. Southern Pacific Coast  1. little farmland  2. spectacular natural settings  3. tropical climate  4. tourism is big here, especially to cities like Acapulco, Mazatlan, and Puerto Vallarta

6  C. Gulf Coastal Plain  1. vitally important to Mexico’s economy  2. in the Gulf of Mexico, there are vast deposits of petroleum and natural gas  3. the Gulf of Mexico is one of the world’s major oil-producing regions

7  D. The Yucatan Peninsula  1. generally flat  2. the ground is mostly made of limestone, so when it rains the water works into the rock…eventually underground caverns are created  3. tourism along the coastline has contributed to the economic development of the area  4. ancient Mayan ruins attract tourists and archaeologists year round


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