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MEXICO. Mexico There are 31 states in Mexico Geography of Mexico Sierra Madre Occidental - large mt. range on the west coast of Mexico Sierra Madre Oriental.

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Presentation on theme: "MEXICO. Mexico There are 31 states in Mexico Geography of Mexico Sierra Madre Occidental - large mt. range on the west coast of Mexico Sierra Madre Oriental."— Presentation transcript:

1 MEXICO

2 Mexico There are 31 states in Mexico

3 Geography of Mexico Sierra Madre Occidental - large mt. range on the west coast of Mexico Sierra Madre Oriental - large mt. range on the east coast of Mexico Sierra Madre Del Sur -- mother range of the south where the 2 ranges meet in the south Sierra Madre Occidental - large mt. range on the west coast of Mexico Sierra Madre Oriental - large mt. range on the east coast of Mexico Sierra Madre Del Sur -- mother range of the south where the 2 ranges meet in the south

4 5 Regions of Mexico 1. Central Plateau 2. Northern Pacific Coast 3. Southern Pacific Coast 4. Gulf Coastal Plain 5. Yucatan Peninsula 1. Central Plateau 2. Northern Pacific Coast 3. Southern Pacific Coast 4. Gulf Coastal Plain 5. Yucatan Peninsula

5 Central Plateau Largest region, largest population Best farmland in the south Most geologically unstable - located on 4 plates 1. North American 2. Caribbean 3. Pacific 4. Cocos Elevation is the key to climate - Mexico city avg. temp (74 in July and 70 in January) Largest region, largest population Best farmland in the south Most geologically unstable - located on 4 plates 1. North American 2. Caribbean 3. Pacific 4. Cocos Elevation is the key to climate - Mexico city avg. temp (74 in July and 70 in January)

6 Northern Pacific Coast Dry, hot and thinly populated Despite arid climate - farming is prevalent because of irrigation wheat, cotton and other crops Baja California - mostly mountainous Dry, hot and thinly populated Despite arid climate - farming is prevalent because of irrigation wheat, cotton and other crops Baja California - mostly mountainous

7 Last 3 Regions of Mexico 3. Southern Pacific Coast -- smaller Mt. range, Sierra Madre del Sur Little farmland but great scenery and tropical climate -- tourism 4. Gulf Coastal plain -- vast deposits of petroleum and nat. gas 5. Yucatan Peninsula -- flat, and bedrock made of limestone. This dissolves and creates vast underground caverns. Sinkholes -- when these caverns collapse Tourism -- resorts and Mayan ruins 3. Southern Pacific Coast -- smaller Mt. range, Sierra Madre del Sur Little farmland but great scenery and tropical climate -- tourism 4. Gulf Coastal plain -- vast deposits of petroleum and nat. gas 5. Yucatan Peninsula -- flat, and bedrock made of limestone. This dissolves and creates vast underground caverns. Sinkholes -- when these caverns collapse Tourism -- resorts and Mayan ruins

8 Mexico

9 CULTURE OF MEXICO Section 2 Mexico is made up of three main cultures: 1. Indigenous (Aztec) 2. Spanish 3. Mixed population (today) Tenochtitlan -- capital city of the Aztecs present day Mexico City Hernan Cortes Spanish explorer who was held responsible for the downfall of the Aztec Empire ( 2 years) Conquistador - conqueror Section 2 Mexico is made up of three main cultures: 1. Indigenous (Aztec) 2. Spanish 3. Mixed population (today) Tenochtitlan -- capital city of the Aztecs present day Mexico City Hernan Cortes Spanish explorer who was held responsible for the downfall of the Aztec Empire ( 2 years) Conquistador - conqueror

10 Aztec Empire

11 4 Social Classes in Mexico 1. Peninsular -- Spanish person born in Spain 2. Creoles -- Spanish ancestry living in America 3. Mestizo -- mixed Spanish and Indigenous ancestry 4. Indigenous 1. Peninsular -- Spanish person born in Spain 2. Creoles -- Spanish ancestry living in America 3. Mestizo -- mixed Spanish and Indigenous ancestry 4. Indigenous

12 Sect. 2 cont. Hacienda -- large estates owned by Spanish people Encomienda -- system of low wages and constant debt for lower ethnic groups Mexico becomes an independent nation Mexico has a new democratic government and constitution Institutional Revolutionary Party -- political party in Mexico Spanish -- official language Ejido -- farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community Latifundios -- large commercial farms (1/3 of farms) 90% of Mexicans live with extended family Hacienda -- large estates owned by Spanish people Encomienda -- system of low wages and constant debt for lower ethnic groups Mexico becomes an independent nation Mexico has a new democratic government and constitution Institutional Revolutionary Party -- political party in Mexico Spanish -- official language Ejido -- farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community Latifundios -- large commercial farms (1/3 of farms) 90% of Mexicans live with extended family

13 Other facts about Mexico 5 % of Mexicos GDP is agriculture, but 24% work in ag U.S> gets 87% of all of Mexicos exports Average salary in parts of Mexico - $4.35 a day 10 Pesos to 1 American dollar Illegal immigration is an on-going problem, 350 million illegal immigrants a year Border is 1951 miles long 5 % of Mexicos GDP is agriculture, but 24% work in ag U.S> gets 87% of all of Mexicos exports Average salary in parts of Mexico - $4.35 a day 10 Pesos to 1 American dollar Illegal immigration is an on-going problem, 350 million illegal immigrants a year Border is 1951 miles long

14 * Guadalajara, Jal. -- Lake Chapala/Ajijic $16,300 * Polanco, Ciudad de Mexico, D.F. $11,900 * Monterrey, N.L. -- Valle region $11,300 * Monterrey, N.L -- Inner city $ 8,700 * Matamoros $ 8,300 * Cancun, Q.R. $ 7,000 * Guadalajara, Jal. -- inner city $ 6,000 * Nuevo Laredo, Tamps. $ 5,700 * Cuernavaca $ 5,400 * Guanajuato $ 3,000 * San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas $ 2,400 * Nezahualcoyotl, near Ciudad de Mexico $ 1,500 * Cintalapa, Chiapas $ 1,300 * Guadalajara, Jal. -- Lake Chapala/Ajijic $16,300 * Polanco, Ciudad de Mexico, D.F. $11,900 * Monterrey, N.L. -- Valle region $11,300 * Monterrey, N.L -- Inner city $ 8,700 * Matamoros $ 8,300 * Cancun, Q.R. $ 7,000 * Guadalajara, Jal. -- inner city $ 6,000 * Nuevo Laredo, Tamps. $ 5,700 * Cuernavaca $ 5,400 * Guanajuato $ 3,000 * San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas $ 2,400 * Nezahualcoyotl, near Ciudad de Mexico $ 1,500 * Cintalapa, Chiapas $ 1,300 *Salaries in Mexico per year AVERAGE SALARY IN THE U.S IS $36,764

15 Mexico Today Presidents are elected to a 6 year term. Vicente Fox -- term is up Dec. 1, 2006 Felipe Calderon -- will take office in December Both members of the National Action Party Presidents are elected to a 6 year term. Vicente Fox -- term is up Dec. 1, 2006 Felipe Calderon -- will take office in December Both members of the National Action Party


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