# How do balanced and unbalanced forces affect an object’s velocity?

## Presentation on theme: "How do balanced and unbalanced forces affect an object’s velocity?"— Presentation transcript:

How do balanced and unbalanced forces affect an object’s velocity?
10-1: The Nature of Force How do balanced and unbalanced forces affect an object’s velocity?

Can it move without a push or pull?
Anticipatory Set Put a book on your desk. Move the book. Did you push or pull? Can it move without a push or pull?

California Standards Science Standard 8.2.a: Students know a force has both direction and magnitude. Science Standard 8.2.c: Students know when the forces on an object are balanced, the motion of the object does not change.

Input force: a push or a pull.
newton: the SI unit for the magnitude, or strength of a force. net force: the combination of all forces acting on an object. unbalanced forces: will cause the velocity of an object to change. balanced forces: equal forces acting on one object in opposite directions.

Input & Modeling What Is a Force?
A force is described by its magnitude and by the direction in which it acts. The newton (N) is the SI unit of force. It is named after the English scientist and mathematician Isaac Newton. You exert about one N of force when you lift a small apple The longer the arrow, the greater the force. Arrows can show direction and strength of a force

Input & Modeling Combining Forces

Input & Modeling Unbalanced Forces
Unbalanced forces acting on an object result in a net force and cause a change in the object’s velocity. Unbalanced Forces in the Same Direction: When two forces act in the same direction, the net force is the sum of the two individual forces.

Unbalanced Forces in the Same Direction
Input & Modeling Unbalanced Forces Unbalanced Forces in the Same Direction

Input & Modeling Unbalanced Forces
Unbalanced forces acting on an object result in a net force and cause a change in the object’s velocity. Unbalanced Forces in the Opposite Direction: When two forces act in opposite directions, the net force is the difference between the two individual forces.

Unbalanced Forces in the Opposite Direction
Input & Modeling Unbalanced Forces Unbalanced Forces in the Opposite Direction

Input & Modeling Balanced Forces
Balanced forces acting on an object do not change the object’s velocity. Balanced Forces in Opposite Directions: When two equal forces act in opposite directions, they cancel each other out.

Balanced Forces in Opposite Directions
Input & Modeling Balanced Forces Balanced Forces in Opposite Directions

Florida Website: Weekly Standards