4 The Plague occurred in 3 Forms D e a t hThe Plague occurred in 3 FormsPNEUMONIC PHASEAttacked the LungsCaused fierce coughing & sneezing fitsChest pain, Bloody sputumSEPTICEMIC PHASERarest and DeadliestTraveled thru bloodstreamBlack spots beneath skinVictims choked on own blood, Excruciating Pain!BUBONIC PHASEMost CommonEgg-sized swellings (buboes)Neck, armpits, groin (dark blisters)Headaches, Weakness, Nausea/VomitingSevere Fever and DeliriumThe Whirligig was not that bad of a torture. It just spun the victim around in circles until he puked, mostly all over himself.
8 Myth or Fact? (Song)Ring around the rosie, A pocket full of posies, Ashes! Ashes! We all fall down!
9 HARVEST OF DEATHDEPICTION OF THE PLUBONIC PLAGUE
10 WHY? Ignorance Surrounded Cause and Cure Europeans were Frantic Blames Alignment of PlanetsInfected Clothing, HumansGod’s Wrath aimed at SinJewsCures/RemediesPomandersMixture of Molasses & Chopped SnakeRepentanceFlagellants
11 The Flagellant Brahren Singing hymns and sobbing, the men beat themselves with scourges studded with iron spikes. Blood gushes from their many wounds, and the spikes embed themselves in the torn flesh. The ritual is performed in public twice each day.Such exhibitions are highly influential. The establishment may focus their attacks on church corruption and their promotion of a wave of savage anti-Semitism. but the masses worship the flagellants as living martyrs. Their deeds are to be admired and their commands to be carried out.Many Followers massacred Jews believing they had poisoned society.
12 The burning of Jews in 1349 (from a European chronicle written on the Black Death between 1349 and 1352)
13 Black DeathCarried by Ships throughout EuropeRats infested the goods on board
16 Origins Originated in Mongolia’s Gobi desert Moved along the Silk Road to Black SeaBacteria carried by fleas, lived on black ratsMajor trade/commercial cities were good hostsSicily in 1347, England 1348, culminating in Russia 1352Unstoppable Force“Victims ate lunch with their friends and dinner with their ancestors in paradise."
17 Emperor, your sword won’t help you out Her keyser euch hilft nicht das swertCzeptir vnd crone sint hy nicht wertIch habe euch bey der hand genomenIr must an meynen reyen komenEmperor, your sword won’t help you outSceptre and crown are worthless hereI’ve taken you by the handFor you must come to my danceAt the bottom end of the Totentanz Death calls e.g. the peasant to dance and he answers:Ich habe gehabt [vil arbeit gross]Der sweis mir du[rch die haut floss]Noch wolde ich ger[n dem tod empfliehen]Zo habe ich des glu[cks nit hie]I had to work very much and very hardThe sweat was running down my skinI’d like to escape death nonthelessBut here I won’t have any luckMichael Wolgemut
19 25 million people died in just under five years between 1347 and 1352. DISASTER STRIKESEstimated population of Europe from 1000 to 1352.millionmillionmillionmillionmillionmillion25 million people died in just under five years between 1347 and 1352.
20 THE TRUE CAUSE OF THE PLAGUE The Swiss scientist Alexandre Yersin discovered the true cause of plague.The bubonic plague, an infectious disease, are caused by microbes thatinvade the human body.The microbes that cause the plague are a type of bacteria known as theYersinia pestis.The bubonic plague, however, does not start in humans.Instead it infects only rats and cannot be spread directly from rats tohumans.Fleas, which live on the rats for food, abandon the rat when the rat dies.If these fleas then find a human the, Yersinia pestis is injected into thebloodstream.Then the disease can spread from man to man.
21 How it was Transmitted Yersinia pestis seen at 2000x magnification. This bacterium, carried and spread by fleas, is the cause of the various forms of the disease plague
23 History of PlagueJustinian’s Plague ( ) killed ¼ pop. of Mediterranean6th & 8th C. breakouts16th, 17th, 18th C. PandemicsItalian, London, Vienna, Marseilles, Russia3rd Pandemic (Asian Plague) – 19th, 20th C.~15 million dead (India, China, Russia)Biological Weapon (Japanese, WWII)Looked at Medieval Styles of Catapulting Infected Bodies into CastlesReleased Infected Fleas in China, ManchuriaStudied Live Subject, DissectingWhAt NeXt?