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Lecture 2 NUTRITITIVE VALUE OF VEGETABLES. Introduction Temperate vegetables are rich in minerals, vitamins, dietary fibre and other nutrients. They are.

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Presentation on theme: "Lecture 2 NUTRITITIVE VALUE OF VEGETABLES. Introduction Temperate vegetables are rich in minerals, vitamins, dietary fibre and other nutrients. They are."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lecture 2 NUTRITITIVE VALUE OF VEGETABLES

2 Introduction Temperate vegetables are rich in minerals, vitamins, dietary fibre and other nutrients. They are specifically mentioned as protective foods in the literature. Potato is the richest source of energy. Similarly, pea and garlic are the richest source of proteins, Turnip green is rich source of iron, riboflavin, niacin, fats, vitamin A, and calcium; Garlic of carbohydrates and phosphorus; Pea of thiamine, and Kale of ascorbic acid. Cont...

3 Potato is the richest source of energy (97kcal) followed by Pea (84kcal), Leek (77kcal), Turnip greens (67kcal) and Kale (53kcal), Pea and Garlic are the richest sources of proteins (6.3g) followed by Kale (6.0g), Brussel’s sprout (4.9g) and Fenugreek leaves (4.4g). Turnip green is the richest source of fats (1.5g), followed by Fenugreek leaves (0.9g), Kale and Spinach beet (0.8g) and Brussel’s sprout and Pea (0.4g). Garlic is the richest source of carbohydrates (29.8g) followed by Potato (22.6g), Leek (17.2g), Pea (14.4g), and Carrot (9.7g). Cont...

4 Turnip green is the richest source of vitamin A (15691 IU) followed by Carrot (11000 IU), Kale (10000 IU), Spinach (8100 IU), and Spinach beet (5862 IU). Pea is the richest source of thiamine (0.35mg) followed by Turnip green (0.31mg), Spinach beet (0.26mg), Kale (0.16mg) and Cauliflower (0.11mg). Turnip green is the richest source of riboflavin (0.57mg) followed by Spinach beet (0.56mg), Fenugreek leaves (0.31mg), Kale (0.26mg), Sprouting broccoli and Garlic (0.23mg). Turnip green is the richest source of niacin (5.4mg) followed by Spinach beet (3.3mg), Pea (2.9mg), Kale (2.1mg) and potato (1.2mg). Cont...

5 Kale is the richest source of ascorbic acid (186mg) followed by Turnip green (180mg), Sprouting broccoli (113mg), Brussel’s sprout (102mg), and Parsley (90mg). Turnip green is the richest source of calcium (710mg) followed by Fenugreek leaves (395mg), Spinach (380mg), and Kale (249mg). Garlic is the richest source of the phosphorus (310mg) followed by Pea (116mg), Kale (93mg), Brussel’s sprout (80mg), and Sprouting broccoli (78mg). Turnip green is the richest source of iron (28.4mg) followed by Fenugreek leaves (16.5mg), Spinach beet (16.2mg), Onion stalk (7.9mg) and Spinach (3.1mg).

6 Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion CropsEnergyProteins FatsCarbohydratesVitamin AThiamine Potato97kcal1.6g0.1g22.6g40IU0.10mg Pea84kcal6.3 g0.4g14.4g640IU0.35mg Leek77kcal1.8g0.1g17.2g-- Turnip Green 67kcal4.0g1.5g9.4g15691IU0.31mg Kale53kcal6.0 g0.8g9.0g10000IU0.16mg Onion50kcal1.2g0.1g-5IU0.08mg Fenugreek leaves 49kcal4.4g0.9g6.0g3861IU0.04mg Spinach Beet 46kcal3.4g0.8g6.5g5862IU0.26mg Cont...

7 Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion CropsEnergyProteins FatsCarbohydratesVitamin AThiamine Brussels sprout 45kcal4.9g0.4g0.3g550IU0.10mg Carrot42kcal1.1g0.2g9.7g11000IU0.06mg Onion stalk41kcal0.9g0.2g8.9g993IU0.05mg Sprouting broccoli 32kcal3.6g0.3g5.9g2500IU0.10mg Garlic30kcal6.3g0.1g29.8g5IU0.06mg Knol-khol29kcal -0.1g6.6g20IU- Turnip root29kcal0.5g0.2g6.2g-0.04mg Cauliflower27kcal2.7g0.2g-60IU0.11mg Cont...

8 Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion CropsEnergyproteins FatsCarbohydratesVitamin Athiamine Spinach26kcal3.2g0.3g4.3g8100IU0.10mg Cabbage24kcal1.3g0.2g130IU0.05mg Celery17kcal0.9g0.1g3.9g240IU0.03mg Radish17kcal0.7g0.1g3.4g5IU0.06mg Parsley16kcal2.2g0.3g1.3g5200IU- Chinese cabbage 14kcal1.2g0.1g3.0g150IU0.05mg Lettuce---2.5g900IU0.06mg Cont...

9 Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Crops RiboflavinNiacinAscorbic acid CalciumPhosphorusIron Potato0.01mg1.2mg17mg10mg40mg0.10mg Pea0.14mg2.9mg27mg26mg116mg1.9mg Leek77kcal-11mg50mg70mg2.3mg Turnip Green 0.57mg5.4mg180mg710mg60mg28.4mg Kale0.26mg2.1mg186mg249mg93mg2.9mg Onion0.01mg0.4mg11mg47mg50mg0.7mg Fenugreek leaves 0.31mg0.8mg52mg395mg51mg16.5mg Spinach Beet 0.56mg3.3mg70mg380mg30mg16.2mg Cont...

10 Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Crops Riboflavin NiacinAscorbic acid CalciumPhosphorusIron Brussels sprout 0.16mg0.9mg102mg36mg80mg1.5mg Carrot0.05mg0.6mg8mg37mg36mg0.7mg Onion stalk0.03mg0.3mg17mg50mg 7.9mg Sprouting broccoli 0.23mg0.9mg113mg103mg78mg1.1mg Garlic0.23mg0.4mg13mg30mg310mg1.3mg Knol-khol- 0.3mg66mg--0.5mg Turnip root0.04mg0.5mg43mg30mg40mg0.04mg Cauliflower0.10mg0.7mg78mg25mg56mg0.11mg Cont...

11 Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Crops Riboflavin Niacin Ascorbic acid Calcium PhosphorusIron Spinach0.20mg0.6mg51mg93mg51mg3.1mg Cabbage0.05mg0.3mg47mg49mg29mg0.4mg Celery0.03mg0.3mg9mg43mg28mg0.03mg Radish0.02mg0.5mg-35mg22mg0.4mg Parsley0.11mg0.7mg90mg125mg40mg- Chinese cabbage 0.04mg0.6mg25mg-40mg0.6mg Lettuce0.06mg0.3mg8mg35mg26mg2.0mg Cont...

12 Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Crop Macronutrients Energy (kcal)Moisture (g)Protein (g)Fat (g) HO (R) Amaranth Basella Bitter gourd Bottle gourd Bottle gourd leaves Brinjal Broad bean Brussels sprout Cabbage Carrot Cassava Capsicum Cont...

13 Crop Macronutrients Energy (kcal)Moisture (g)Protein (g)Fat (g) HO (R) Cauliflower Celery Chinese cabbage Chow-chow Cluster bean Cowpea Cowpea leaves Cucumber Drumstick Drumstick leaves Elephant-foot yam Fenugreek leaves Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

14 Crop Macronutrients Energy (kcal)Moisture (g)Protein (g)Fat (g) HO (R) French bean Garden beet Garlic Hyacinth bean Indian squash Ivy gourd Kale Kakrol Knol-khol Leek Lettuce Lime bean Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

15 Crop Macronutrients Energy (kcal)Moisture (g)Protein (g)Fat (g) HO (R) Muskmelon Onion Onion stalk Okra Parsley Pea Pointed gourd Potato Pumpkin Pumpkin leaves Radish Ridge gourd Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

16 Crop Macronutrients Energy (kcal)Moisture (g)Protein (g)Fat (g) HO (R) Snake gourdIB Spinach Spinach beet Sponge gourd Sprouting broccoli Summer squash Sweet potato Swiss chard Taro l Taro leaf stalks Tomato Turnip root Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

17 Crop Macronutrients Energy (kcal)Moisture (g)Protein (g)Fat (g) HO (R) Turnip green Watermelon Water spinach Wax gourd Winged bean Yam Cont... Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion

18 Crop Vitamins A (iu)Thiamin (mg) Riboflavin (mg) Niacin (mg) Ascorbic acid (mg) Amaranth Basella Bitter gourd Bottle gourd Bottle gourd leaves Brinjal Broad bean Brussels sprout Cabbage Carrot Cassava Capsicum Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

19 Crop Vitamins A (iu)Thiamin (mg)Riboflavin (mg)Niacin (mg) Ascorbic acid (mg) Cauliflower Celery Chinese cabbage Cho-cho Cluster bean Cowpea Cowpea leaves Cucumber Drumstick Drumstick leaves Elephant-foot yam Fenugreek leaves Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

20 Crop Vitamins A (iu)Thiamin (mg)Riboflavin (mg)Niacin (mg) Ascorbic acid (mg) French bean Garden beet Garlic Hyacinth bean Indian squash Ivy gourd Kale Kakrol Knol-khol Leek Lettuce Lime bean Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

21 Crop Vitamins A (iu)Thiamin (mg)Riboflavin (mg)Niacin (mg) Ascorbic acid (mg) Muskmelon OnionTrace Onion stalk Okra Parsley Pea Pointed gourd Potato Pumpkin Pumpkin leaves Radish Ridge gourd Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

22 Crop Vitamins A (iu)Thiamin (mg)Riboflavin (mg)Niacin (mg) Ascorbic acid (mg) Snake gourd Spinach Spinach beet Sponge gourd Sprouting broccoli Summer squash Trace Sweet potato Swiss chard Taro Taro leaf stalks Tomato Turnip root Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

23 Crop Vitamins A (iu)Thiamin (mg)Riboflavin (mg)Niacin (mg) Ascorbic acid (mg) Turnip green Watermelon Water spinach Wax gourd Winged bean Yam Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

24 Crop minerals Ca (mg)P (mg)Fe (mg) Amaranth Basella Bitter gourd Bottle gourd Bottle gourd leaves - -- Brinjal Broad bean Brussels sprout Cabbage Carrot Cassava Capsicum Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

25 Crop Minerals Ca (mg)P (mg)Fe (mg) Cauliflower Celery Chinese cabbage Chow-chow Cluster bean Cowpea Cowpea leaves Cucumber Drumstick Drumstick leaves Elephant-foot yam Fenugreek leaves Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

26 Crop Minerals Ca (mg)P (mg)Fe (mg) French bean Garden beet Garlic Hyacinth bean Indian squash Ivy gourd Kale Kakrol Knol-khol Leek50702:3 Lettuce Lime bean Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

27 Crop Minerals Ca (mg)P (mg)Fe (mg) Muskmelon Onion Onion stalk Okra Parsley Pea Pointed gourd Potato Pumpkin Pumpkin leaves Radish Ridge gourd Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

28 Crop Minerals Ca (mg)P (mg)Fe (mg) Snake gourd Spinach Spinach beet Sponge gourd Sprouting broccoli Summer squash Sweet potato Swiss chard Taro Taro leaf stalks Tomato Turnip root Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion Cont...

29 Crop Minerals Ca (mg)P (mg)Fe (mg) Turnip green Watermelon Water spinach Wax gourd Winged bean Yam Nutrient composition of vegetables as per 100 g of edible portion

30 Thanks…


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