Presentation on theme: "Organic Compounds SE 7.6A: identify that organic compounds contain carbon and other elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, nitrogen, or sulfur;"— Presentation transcript:
Organic Compounds SE 7.6A: identify that organic compounds contain carbon and other elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, nitrogen, or sulfur;
Building the Compounds of Life Think of all different brands of cell phones… iPhone, blackberry, Android, Nokia, Samsung, etc… They may look and work differently, but they are all cell phones! This is how organic compounds are. They are all built with the same basic components. It’s the “upgrades” that make the phones differently.
What is organic chemistry? Most living matter is made up of carbon. Carbon would act as the components of the cell phone The study of carbon is called organic chemistry. To understand how living things work, biologists need to have an understanding of organic chemistry because living things are made of organic compounds.
What are these “upgrades”? Hydrogen Oxygen Nitrogen Phosphorus Sulfur Add any of these to carbon, and it creates an organic compound with different properties.
CHONPS Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur – combinations of these elements (always with carbon) make up the important molecules necessary to sustain life. What are these molecules? Sugars Proteins Genetic material Lipids (including fats)
Sugars: C H O Example: sucrose (table sugar)
Protein: C H O N (and sometimes S)
Genetic Material: C H O N P Example: DNA
Lipids: C H O (and sometimes P) Example: cholesterol