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THE ARTS, (CINEMA, MUSIC AND VISUAL ARTS) UNDER STALIN By Ximena Aranda.

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Presentation on theme: "THE ARTS, (CINEMA, MUSIC AND VISUAL ARTS) UNDER STALIN By Ximena Aranda."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE ARTS, (CINEMA, MUSIC AND VISUAL ARTS) UNDER STALIN By Ximena Aranda

2 PROLETKULT  Focus moved away from ‘high art’ to ‘popular culture’  Proletkult: proletarian cultural movement (Alexander Bogdanov)  Seemed to be developing as an independent working-class organization  Shut down during 1921 and 1922

3 ARTS UNDER STALIN  Stalin rejected Western culture and its ‘bourgeois principles’  Artists painted pictures glorifying Stalin and he dominated many pictures

4 "To have more, we must produce more. To produce more, we must know more"

5 HOW DID THE BOLSHEVIKS USE ART IN PROPAGANDA?  Bolsheviks make used of the art to the service of the new state  Artists of the ‘avant-garde’ were excited by the revolution and embraced it  avant-garde: innovators in the arts

6 VLADIMIR MAYAKOVSKY ( )  Egotistical young poet, playwright, and artist who worked with the Bolsheviks  Produced posters and 3000 captions or slogans on a wide range of topics  Committed suicide in April 1930  1935 Stalin proclaimed him ‘the best and most gifted poet of our Soviet epoch”

7 ROSTA window poster to mark ‘Remember Red Army Barracks Day’ in 1920 We’ve finished off Russia’s White Guards The ogre of world capitalism is still alive That means we still need the Red Army And that means we’ve got to help it out- the task is clear

8 SOVIET PROPAGANDA POSTER BY ARTIST LAZAR MARKOVICH LISSITZKY Political idea clearly and simply through an arrangement of geometric shapes Red wedge symbolizes the Bolsheviks, who are penetrating And defeating their opponents

9 CINEMA  Cinemas were almost entirely restricted to the town  Cinemas was, in theory, the ideal medium of propaganda, visual, technological, and controllable  All-Union Party Congress on Film Questions

10 SERGUÉI EISENSTEIN  Two of his best-known films: Battleship Potemkin (1925) and October (1928)  1926 Stalin proposed that Eisenstein should make a film on the need for collectivisation  Focused on tractors and a cream separator to symbolize the transition from primitive farming to the mechanised modern agriculture

11 MUSIC  Avant-garde and jazz were outlawed  Shostakovich

12 SHOSTAKOVICH  Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District (1934)  persona non grata  Fourth Symphony Withdrew the work because it could anger the authorities  Symphony No. 5, the work displayed lyricism, a heroic tone and inspiration from Russian literature. The new symphony was a spectacular success, pleasing both the authorities and the public The music is simpler, but no less dramatic Stalin found the politics of the music acceptable

13 BIBLIOGRAPHY   that.html that.html  Soviet Society in the 1920s and 1930s


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