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Stalin’s Rise to Power Lecture Power Point Presentation.

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1 Stalin’s Rise to Power Lecture Power Point Presentation

2 Teacher Instructions Copy 1-per-student,back-to-back, “Cornell Notes – Stalin’s Rise to Power” Copy 1-per-student, back-to-back, “Graphic Organizer/Sensory Figure” (found at the end of the power point) As you watch the film, “Stalin” stop periodically to have the students complete the graphic organizer. For a wrap-up assessment, students complete the “Sensory Figure”

3 CA Standard Trace Stalin's rise to power in the Soviet Union and the connection between economic policies, political policies, the absence of a free press, and systematic violations of human rights (e.g., the Terror Famine in Ukraine).Trace Stalin's rise to power in the Soviet Union and the connection between economic policies, political policies, the absence of a free press, and systematic violations of human rights (e.g., the Terror Famine in Ukraine).

4 Objective Students will be able to trace Stalin’s rise to power and analyze his political policies in the Soviet Union under a Totalitarian state by completing a graphic organizer.

5 Essential Question What was the Soviet Union like under the leadership of Stalin?

6 Film Clip: Stalin Propaganda

7 Pair-Share After viewing “Stalin Propaganda” discuss the following questions with your partner. 1. What is propaganda. 2. How is Stalin portrayed in the propaganda posters? Why do you think this is? 3. Why do countries use propaganda?

8 1. From Lenin to Stalin AUnder Lenin, the Communist Party used the army and secret police to enforce its will. In economics, Lenin mixed capitalist and socialist ideas.

9 Lenin is followed by Joseph Stalin. Stalin creates a totalitarian society in Russia.

10 1.From Lenin to Stalin AUnder Lenin, the Communist Party used the army and secret police to enforce its will. In economics, Lenin mixed capitalist and socialist ideas. B.After Lenin died, Joseph Stalin took over i.tried to make USSR a modern industrial state

11 Russia had missed the Capitalist phase Stalin tried to skip Capitalist phase by allowing the state to develop the Russian economy eventually the state would “hand over” control of the economy to the “dictatorship of the proletariat”… huge factories were built with millions of people being encouraged to work to make the state stronger farm land was taken away by the government and peasants forced to work on huge collectivized farms Stalin introduced 5-year- plans for industrial and agricultural improvements

12 1.From Lenin to Stalin AUnder Lenin, the Communist Party used the army and secret police to enforce its will. In economics, Lenin mixed capitalist and socialist ideas. B.After Lenin died, Joseph Stalin took over i.tried to make USSR a modern industrial state ii.all economic and agricultural activity under government control iii.5-year-plans to increase production

13 Stalin’s Great Purge In 1934 Stalin targeted his enemies for elimination. By 1939 Stalin had complete control of the country. Historians estimate that Stalin was responsible for between 8-13 million Russians.

14 1.From Lenin to Stalin AUnder Lenin, the Communist Party used the army and secret police to enforce its will. In economics, Lenin mixed capitalist and socialist ideas. B.After Lenin died, Joseph Stalin took over i.tried to make USSR a modern industrial state ii.all economic and agricultural activity under government control iii.5-year-plans to increase production C.In 1934 Stalin started terror - Great Purge (4 million people were purged and almost 800,000 were executed).

15 How did Stalin maintain control over the USSR? Propaganda government controlled all media encouraged obedience to the state Secret police arrested opposition spied on people even family members spied Censorship against the law to criticize government controlled everything people heard, saw, or read Terror Great Purge constant fear of midnight “knock on the door” sent to labor camps - gulags

16 2.Life in a Totalitarian State A.Stalin used secret police, propaganda, censorship, and terror to establish a totalitarian state. B.Leaders were Communist Party members, industrial managers, military, scientists, and some artists and writers.

17 “Literature, the cinema, the arts are levers in the hands of the proletariat which must be used to show the masses positive models of initiative and heroic labor.” Socialist Realism

18 2.Life in a Totalitarian State A.Stalin used secret police, propaganda, censorship, and terror to establish a totalitarian state. B.Leaders were Communist Party members, industrial managers, military, scientists, and some artists and writers. C.Artists and writers forced to use “socialist realism” (tried show Soviet life in a positive way).

19 Film Activity As you watch the film about Stalin, complete the corresponding graphic organizer: Key Aspects of Stalin’s Totalitarian State in Russia

20 Film Clip: Stalin

21 Wrap-Up Sensory Figure Using the information you learned about Stalin, complete the sensory figure.

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